Main Menu
User Menu

Military history website

Stíhací eskadra 2 [1939-1945]

2nd Fighter Wing

Jagdgeschwader 2 (JG 2)

     
Název:
Name:
Stíhací eskadra 2
Originální název:
Original Name:
Jagdgeschwader 2
Datum vzniku:
Raised/Formed:
01.05.1939
Předchůdce:
Predecessor:
Stíhací eskadra 131
Datum zániku:
Disbanded:
08.05.1945
Nástupce:
Successor:
-
Nadřízené velitelství:
Higher Command:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR Velitelství letectva Západ
Dislokace:
Deployed:
01.05.1939-25.08.1939 Wustermark, Fliegerhorst Döberitz /
25.08.1939-02.09.1939 Fürstenwalde, Leithorst und Einsatzhafen Fürstenwalde /
02.09.1939-02.11.1939 Wustermark, Fliegerhorst Döberitz /
02.11.1939-10.05.1940 Frankfurt nad Mohanem, Einsatzhafen Frankfurt-Rebstock /
10.05.1940-14.05.1940 Wittlich, Einsatzhafen Wengerohr /
14.05.1940-18.05.1940 Bastogne, ? /
18.05.1940-02.06.1940 Signy-le-Petit, Landeplatz Signy-le-Petit /
02.06.1940-12.06.1940 Couvron-et-Aumencourt, Flugplatz Laon-Couvron /
12.06.1940-16.06.1940 Maast-et-Violaine, Flugplatz Oulchy /
16.06.1940-22.06.1940 Marigny, Landeplatz Marigny-le-Grand /
22.06.1940-27.06.1940 Miserey, Fliegerhorst Evreux /
27.06.1940-28.08.1940 Beaumont-le-Roger, Fliegerhorst Beaumont-le-Roger /
28.08.1940-25.09.1940 Dunkerk, Fliegerhorst Dünkirchen-Mardyck /
25.09.1940-29.06.1941 Beaumont-le-Roger, Fliegerhorst Beaumont-le-Roger /
29.06.1941-21.12.1941 Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise, Landeplatz Saint-Pol – Bryas /
21.12.1941-08.02.1942 Brest, Flugplatz Brest-Nord /
08.02.1942-14.02.1942 Marck, Fliegerhorst Calais-Marck /
14.02.1942-DD.04.1942 Brest, Flugplatz Brest-Nord /
DD.04.1942-DD.11.1942 Beaumont-le-Roger, Fliegerhorst Beaumont-le-Roger /
DD.11.1942-22.11.1942 Marignane, Fliegerhorst Marseille-Marignane /
22.11.1942-01.07.1943 Beaumont-le-Roger, Fliegerhorst Beaumont-le-Roger /
01.07.1943-24.09.1943 Miserey, Fliegerhorst Evreux /
24.09.1943-DD.06.1944 Boissy-l'Aillerie, Fliegerhost Cormeilles /
DD.06.1944-DD.08.1944 Creil, Fliegerhorst Creil /
DD.08.1944-04.09.1944 Sint-Truiden, Fliegerhorst Saint Trond /
04.09.1944-14.09.1944 Usingen, Einsatzhafen Merzhausen /
14.09.1944-25.09.1944 Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden Fliegerhorst /
25.09.1944-DD.03.1945 Nidda, Einsatzhafen Nidda /
DD.04.1945-DD.05.1945 Cheb, Fliegerhorst Eger /

Velitel:
Commander:
01.05.1939-31.03.1940 Massow, Gerd von (Oberst)
DD.04.1940-02.09.1940 Bülow-Bothkamp, Harry von (Oberleutnant)
03.09.1940-20.10.1940 Schellmann, Wolfgang (Major)
20.10.1940-28.11.1940 Wick, Helmut (Major)
29.11.1940-16.02.1941 Greisert, Karl-Heinz (Hauptmann)
16.02.1941-03.07.1941 Balthasar, Wilhelm (Major)
DD.07.1941-01.07.1943 Oesau, Walter (Oberleutnant)
01.07.1943-02.03.1944 Mayer, Egon (Major)
02.03.1944-27.04.1944 Ubben, Kurt (Major)
28.04.1944-08.05.1945 Bühligen, Kurt (Oberleutnant)
Podřízené jednotky:
Subordinated Units:
Automaticky vyplněné položky:
01.05.1939-03.02.1940 10. (noční) letka Stíhací eskadry 2
01.05.1939-DD.04.1945 I. skupina Stíhací eskadry 2
01.05.1939-08.05.1945 Štáb Stíhací eskadry 2
15.07.1939-02.11.1939 I. skupina Stíhací eskadry 20
DD.11.1939-DD.06.1940 I. skupina Stíhací eskadry 76
DD.02.1940-DD.MM.RRRR IV. (noční) skupina Stíhací eskadry 2
16.03.1940-08.05.1945 III. skupina Stíhací eskadry 2
DD.03.1940-11.05.1940 II. skupina Stíhací eskadry 2
DD.06.1940-DD.11.1942 II. skupina Stíhací eskadry 2
01.10.1940-DD.05.1941 Doplňovací letka Stíhací eskadry 2
DD.03.1941-03.01.1942 Doplňovací skupina Stíhací eskadry 2
10.11.1941-DD.04.1942 13. (stíhací-bombardovací) letka Stíhací eskadry 2
DD.04.1942-10.04.1943 10. (stíhací-bombardovací) letka Stíhací eskadry 2
DD.06.1942-04.11.1942 11. letka Stíhací eskadry 2
10.12.1942-DD.01.1943 11. letka Stíhací eskadry 2
DD.MM.1943-08.05.1945 II. skupina Stíhací eskadry 2

Ručně vyplněné položky:
Čestný název:
Honorary Name:
01.05.1939-08.05.1945 Richthofen (Richthofen, Manfred von)
Vyznamenání:
Decorations:
-
Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de
www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de
https://www.ww2.dk/air/jagd/jg2.htm
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-eskadra-2-1939-1945-t162636#493158Version : 0
MOD
Jagdgeschwader 2 "Richthofen" (JG 2)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-eskadra-2-1939-1945-t162636#667192Version : 0
MOD

INTERWAR PERIOD

Ad squadron
At the end of 1930, were set up three so-called ad squadron, whose official activity was towing advertising banners. One of them was established in Berlin-Staakenu under the name Reklamestaffel Mitteldeutschland. In fact, it was a formation that served to the secret training of military pilots. During the exercise of ground troops to carry out towing practice targets, observation for the artillery units, courier service and other similar activities. At the beginning of the year 1933 should be the establishment of a fighter squadron equipped with Italian machines Fiat CR 30. The goal is to fill failed, and so it was finally decided on the establishment of at least one fighter group.

Airline group Döberitz
All three ad squadrons should provide pilots and equipment. In the end it was a squadron of Staakenu, which became the basis for the formation of the group, which was placed into nearby Döberitz. It happened in April 1934, and still in stealth mode, under the name of Fliegergruppe Döberitz, which masked the fact that it was a fighter group. The commander was appointed major Robert ritter von Greim, the aircraft commander of the first world war and the bringer of honours Pour le Merite. The group consisted of three squadrons, into whose forehead were the appointment of captains Johann Raithel, Hans-Hugo Witt and Hans-Jürgen von Cramon-Taubadel. Within the group should be to intensify and improve training. Soon, moreover, were added two more tasks - training of the basic cadre for the creation of more fighter groups and launching a training program focused on dive-bombing, that could in the future lead to the formation of the relevant units. The group was equipped with a still larger number of machines Arado Ar 65, but shared them with a flying school in munich Schleißheimu.

the Formation of the air group Damm
In the spring of 1935 took over von Greim the function of the inspector of fighter units and units of dive bombers and the commander of the group became a major Kurt von Döring, a veteran of the first world war and former commander of the squadron in Richthofenově Fighter squadron no. 1. The commander of the 1. the squadron döberitzské group, captain Raithel, was promoted to the rank of major and took command of the newly formed (fighter) Air group Damm, who was stationed in the Jüterbog-Damm. Commander squadron here became the air aces of the first world war, major Karl-August von Schönebeck and major Theodor Osterkamp. The third commander was captain von Kormatzki, who has served as the von Greimův hand. During the summer of 1935 the two groups přezbrojily on the aircraft Heinkel He 51. Between the two groups formed a healthy rivalry, which led to a successful mastery of the new machines, move faster training and keeping good morale of pilots and ground personnel. Yet not the two groups of identical tasks. Group in Döberitz had to test weapons and related equipment, and also cooperation with ground forces. Group in Damm focused mostly on improving the pursuit and ambush tactics. Partially also tested the affairs related with the later development of the heavy fighter units.

Remilitarization of the Rhineland
At the beginning of 1936 there was an increase in the number of staff as in the Damm, so in Döberitz. 24. February followed the departure of pilots from Döberitz to Lippstadt, the town east of the Dortmund. Here is this detachment merged with the pilots who flew in directly from schleißheimské school, to create Air groups of Lippstadt. The reason for this new year's hectic activity explains the 7. march 1936, when Hitler send ground troops into demilitarizovaného Rhine and the fighters had this procedure to cover from the air. Lippstadtská group already in the area was located and the two remaining shortly before the beginning of the operation they flew off from their home bases and headed to the west. Here to conduct a refueling and constantly circling in the air, to deter the French from any intervention, prevent them in the aerial survey and demonstrated the strength of the German air force. Pilots were constantly in the air, the rest could just when refueling. In the air then often performed a low fly-bys over the individual cities, to clearly demonstrate their own presence. Everything worked, the French aircraft into action in no way interfered.

the Expansion of the fighter units
And thanks to the success in the Rhineland, there was another expansion of the fighter units of the Luftwaffe. In march she flew part of the pilots from Damme to Dortmund, where they laid the foundation for the new group. And soon after 1. April 1934, she flew from the Döberitz and Damme one squadron. Both served as a basis for new groups, one in Bernburg, second in Werlu. During the five months of two of the original group had grown to about six groups. This allowed to establish a fighter squadron. Their commanders became commanders of the Döberitz and Damme. Kurt von Döring, the commander of the group in Döberitz, became commander of the Fighter squadron Horst Wessel in Dortmund and Johann Raithel, the commander of the group in Damme, became the commander of the Fighter squadron Richthofen in Döberitz. The commander of the group in Damme became von Schönebeck and the commander of the group in Döberitz major Karl Vieck, the current šéfinstruktor in Schleißheimu. To 1. June 1936 there was a change in the labelling of air units. Fighter squadron in Döberitz received the designation Fighter squadron 132. At the same time renaming the groups within the squadron received the roman numerals, while the squadron numerals Arabic.

Further expansion
Major Raithel was not the commander of the squadron too long, already after nine weeks was appointed inspector of fighter units and as commander of the JG 132 replaced him with lieutenant colonel Gerd von Massow. He must have had in the second half of the year to deal mainly with the problem of how close the loss of personnel after its partial exclusion for the formation of new groups. It succeeded, and in the spring of 1937 was a squadron at full strength. Just in time for the next wave of expansion of the German air force. As far as the groups fighter of the air force, had their number doubled from 6 to 12 and subsequently should be for each of the twelve groups formed another squadron. Cadre squadrons of the JG 132 serve to the formation of Even./JG 131 in východopruském Jesau and II./334 in Mannheim. The strength of the squadron was therefore reduced as much as in the previous wave, and in addition to its martial value has increased přezbrojením on monoplanes Messerschmitt Bf 109. First it was a pre-production series of Bf 109 B-0 and subsequently the Bf 109 B-1 and then the B-2. By the end of the summer of 1937 was most squadrons re-equipped with.

Night fighter
Squadron in 1937 participated in the large military exercise attended by all three arms of the German armed forces. Participation was considered successful, however, proved one lack, on which the raised part of the observers: Germany did not have an adequate defense against the british and French night bombers. Shortly after the end of the manoeuvres is therefore started with the exercises in conjunction with units serving the general of the berlin headlamps. From a squadron of them participated in the II./JG 132, of which the pilots for this purpose, they sat down to the machines Arado Ar 68. The result wasn't dazzling, however in the rehearsals continued, though not fundamentally intensely. Some members of the squadron even joked they know when Hitler make further territorial demands, and causes of the international crisis - by the fact that the week before to rehearse the night's protection Berlin.

International visits to the squadrons
From the very beginning of the unit served as the exhibition cabinet of the German air force. When he arrived in Germany a foreign official and was planning to visit the air corps, as a rule, was arranged for this unit. It was a visit from Britain, France, the United states, Italy, Belgium, Poland, Japan and many other countries. The effect of these visits was small, as in a number of cases caused by foreign officials feel that the German air force is much stronger than what was reality, which was not necessary in the general Vuillemina, chief of staff of the French air force, insignificant. However, the squadron is primarily devoted to maintaining a high level of operational capability, to in the air to support the intentions of Adolf Hitler.

Anschluss of Austria,
Not that in the annexation of Austria there was a big threat to the German fighters to face, however, the squadron's only a small contributor to the operations. One squadron of I./JG 132 moved to Munich, where she gave an armed escort to Hitler's jet plane was the Ju 52, which flew to celebrate his austrian triumph. The squadron spent four days at the airport in Vienna-Aspern and 17. march went back to Döberitz.

a Memorial stone
21. April 1938 accounted for the twentieth anniversary of the Richthofenovy death, and on this occasion he arrived in Döberitz himself marshal Goering, which revealed the memorial stone commemorating on this prvoválečného squadron. The scenes of the ceremony were the old triplane Fokker and modern Messerschmitt. The whole ceremony was symbolically linking the past with the present.

Czechoslovakia
After Austria came Czechoslovakia, which was to become the next Hitler's prey. Compared to Austria with the expected stiff resistance. In preparation for its termination, has occurred rozhojnění units of the Luftwaffe. For JG 132 this meant that on 1. July has occurred III. the group, which was stationed in Jüterbog-Damme, and IV. the group, which was placed in the Werneuchenu. This extension of conditions not just JG 132, as established other six fighter groups. Not always but this was a completely new group, that only applied to the four groups. The remaining four groups were compiled from the twelve separate squadrons, which were established in 1937 and now have been used for the compilation of new groups. This was also the III./JG 132. Due to the possibilities of the production lines in Messerschmittových races was just part of the new units armed with machine Bf 109, part of them had to be content with older Heinkely and and of the council. In the case of JG 132 this meant that the III. the group had to make do with and of the council on which the individual squadrons still flew, and IV. the group, due to the fact that it was newly founded on the basis of the instructors and pupils of the advanced fighter courses in Werneuchen, was equipped with the machine of the Bf 109, which was carried out in this school of training. There is information, that IV./JG 132 was armed and the machine Heinkel 112 B-0, which were intended for export to Japan, but it is not entirely clear whether this actually occurred or was merely a propaganda hoax in preparation for war with Czechoslovakia.

Night squadron
Another element of preparation was the establishment of a night squadron under squadron. It was about 10. (N) squadron. She was armed with a machine Arado Ar 68 and into her forehead was built by lieutenant Blumensaat, who previously served as a gunnery instructor in lipetsk, russia and was a fervent defender of the night fighter units.

Munich
Large-scale, albeit in a very improvised training in the end fight of the czechoslovak borderlands't decided yet, because the operative word in resolving this crisis in the end they were only politicians. Hitler gained his next prey without a fight. On the night of 29. 30. the September 1938 signing of the munich diktat. The following day, crossed the German ground troops past the border, while their procedure in the air cover 500 aircraft.

Reorganization of November 1938
11. November 1938 the reorganization of the fighter units of the Luftwaffe. The fighter group continued to split into light and heavy, which were předchůdkyněmi later heavy fighter (Zerstörer) units. This is reflected in the numbering, because the heavy fighter squadron bore in the middle of the trojčíselného the name of the digit 4. The changes also affected the JG 132. II. group of JG 132 was přeznačena on Even./JG 141, and left her in the Jüterbogu, and III. group of JG 132 was renamed II./JG 141 and moved from Jüterbogu to Fürstenwalde. To make matters worse, she was IV. group of JG 132 renamed on I./JG 331 and moved to Leipzig. Fighter squadron 132, now renamed the fighter squadron 131, as it has recently changed its senior command level of the Air circuit II at the Group headquarters of the air force 1, as now, consisted only of one group. In the winter Even./JG 131 rearm the planes Bf 109 C. In addition, she was once again activated the night 10. squadron, which for the seasoned members of the squad, meant only one thing - Hitler has his eye on some prey.

Cast the rest of Czecho-Slovakia
And Hitler actually occupied more territory, when 15. march 1939 German branná power marched into Prague and occupied the rest of the crippled Czechoslovakia. On this participated in the operation and Even./JG 131. 17. march even its pilots can enjoy years of Karlovy Vary Prague and following a triumphant one flew over the Castle.

preparations
Shortly after, the group returned to the Döberitz, where the rearm on machine Bf 109 E. And again it was renamed. The unit now received the numbers according to the nationality of the air armies. The squadron fell under the Air army 1, which has been allocated the numbers 1 to 25. From the not completely clear reason, has received the number 1 squadron stationed in East Prussia, though they also consisted of only one group and could not boast such a rich history as a squadron of Richthofen, which fell to number 2. From 1. in may 1939, therefore, we are talking about a Fighter squadron 2, which was also the honorary name of Richthofen. In the context of mobilization for war with Poland with a staff of 25. August moved to Fürstenwalde, where he was after the outbreak of the war subordinated to the norad 1. Night squadron was stationed at the airport in Strausbergu. This airport was located to the east of Berlin and was therefore an ideal location for the removal of any Polish raids on Berlin. To enhance the strength of the squadron, which consisted only of the staff, one group and one separate squadron, she was a subordinate to Also. a group of Fighter squadrons 20..
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-eskadra-2-1939-1945-t162636#493172Version : 0
MOD

WORLD WAR ii - JG 2 IN OFFENSIVE

Poland
Fighter squadron 2 participated in operations against Poland To 1. September 1939, when Hitler and Stalin unleashed the second world war, Massowova Fighter squadron 2 consisted of 52 aircraft the Bf 109. Three Bf 109 E covered under the staff section (Geschwaderstabskette), 40 Bf 109 E had in the arsenal And./JG 2 major Viecka and 9 of the Bf 109 D was flying at 10.(N)/JG 2 captain Blumensaata. However, the squadron played in the struggle with Poland only a minor role. Now the first day of the night although seemed to be over Berlin approaching the formation of the Polish bombers and against them took off, almost an entire squadron, but after a while it turned out that it was their own Heinkely, apparently coming from the air raids on Warsaw. If you subsequently have declared war on Germany and France and Great Britain, has shifted part of the squads at the airport in Brandenburg, which was located to the west of the capital. All these preventive measures, however, proved to be useless, because no enemy plane was not over Berlin sent. Indeed, the crew of the squadron is already 2. September 1939 he returned to Döberitz. Due to this absence of enemy activity it was decided to move one squadron to the east. 1. squadron 9. September flew off into the Prostkenu, however, even here encountered its pilots on the enemy, and so they focused on in-depth strikes against the communication infrastructure, and 15. September went back to Döberitz. The squadron, however, suffered the loss. In the night from 16. 17. September is over Berlin brought down her two machines - the Bf 109 from I./JG 2 and Ar 68 out of 10.(N)/JG 2. As the most likely cause was determined glare ground search lights. The accident also shows that the night a squadron was officially equipped with the messerschmitt, but obviously a used and older arada. Another loss to the squadron wrote in October, when he was over Berlin shot down by machine Bf 109 D night squadron anti-aircraft artillery. Pilot saved by parachute, but the plane was a write-off. At the end of September, he was commander of the I./JG 2 Vieck promoted to the rank of colonel and appointed commander of Fighter squadron 3. As the commander of the group replaced him with captain Jürgen Roth, who once commanded a squadron in Spain.

Move to the West and changes in the subordination and organization
After the end of the Polish campaign, the film crew together with Even. the group moved 2. November 1939 to Frankfurt-Rebstocku, where it provided surveillance of the western border and crossed into subjection Air force 3 respectively II. air corps. At the same time with the move was terminated subordination Even./JG 20. They undertook preparations for the enlargement of the squads into three groups, but it takes still some time, and so the crew took over the responsibility for the Even. a group of Fighter-squadron 76 and Even. group Fighter squadron 77. In the case of I./JG 77 was this status ended in November. 19. December 1939 was squadron subordinate to the Stíhacímu command 3. 10. April 1940 drove the crew also III./JG 2.

Weird war
The squadron operated in the Saar south of Luxembourg. Neither side would interfere with the airspace of the neutral grand duchy, so both of the widely used is the area of the Saarland to the intrusion over enemy territory. Initially it was all about reconnaissance flights. The task of the JG 2 was to provide protection to German reconnaissance aircraft and, at the same time defend the French machines in the survey. Pilots have flown close to, the accompaniments, but even the free accompaniments, when they flew significantly forward before the protected machine and cleaned them the way. 22. November 1939, flying pilots a 3. the squadron into the air, to provide a free escort reconnaissance dornierům. One of the pilots was lieutenant Helmut Wick, who over the Phalsbourgem stumbled upon Curtiss Hawk H-75 And from the assembly of the GC II/4 and shot it. It was not only his first victory, but also the first kill entire squads. In addition, his wing Erwin Kley added in almost the same moment another shot down the Hawk H-75. On another one you had to the squadron to wait until march of the following year. Moreover, a harsh winter is a very limited flying.

Expansion squads
In Zerbstu was established II. group of JG 2, which achieved operational capability in December 1939. Its commander was appointed Wolfgang Schellmann, another veteran from Spain. But the group did not connect to the squadron, because the first protect the industrial enterprises in the area of its formation, and after three months moved to the North sea. At the end of February 1940 reached in Schwechat operational capability also the newly formed III. the group, whose commander was appointed major Erich Mix, a veteran of the first world war. The group was initially stationed in Magdeburg.

Night party
In the framework of the squads also formed IV. group. It happened in February 1940 by the merger of solo night flights 10.(N)/JG 2, 10.(N)/JG 26 and 11.(N)/LG 2. The group, however, fell under the squadron rather than just administratively and in surgery before as its integral part. The group was deployed along the northern coast, but part of the surgery even in the outback. And just here occurred the first night kill of the Luftwaffe. In the night from 20. 21. April 1940 shot down Willi Schmale near Crailsheimu british aircraft Fairy Battle 218. squadron. In the context of hitler's onslaught in the West but heightened the night's danger and it was decided on the establishment of a night fighter squadrons. Often it was about the renaming, and the retraining of heavy fighter units. But it wasn't a surprise that the only unit possessing practical experience with the night the prosecution also become part of this new offshoot within the air force. The group was first 2. June 1940 přeznačena the II./NJG 1 and after nine days of the renamed III./NJG 1.

the Last weeks before going to France
The improving weather allowed the intensification of air activities. This allowed Franz Jänischovi of 3. the squadron achieved the third aerial victory, when at the borders of the shot down French Morane-Saulnier MS.406. In April was colonel Gerd von Massow appointed to head the Fighter command 3 and the new commander of the squadron, became a colonel Harry von Bülow-Bothkamp, who reached the first world war six enemy aircraft, commanded a fighter squadron Boelcke and until recently he held the position of commander of the II. group Fighter squadron 77. The pilots of JG 2 in April added another three kills. Just before the start of the offensive was the squadron moved to airfields closer to the front - Wengerohru, Bassenheimu and Freschweileru. Since II. the group operated out of the subordination of the squadron in the north at Münster under JG 26, was JG 2 enhanced of And. group of JG 76.

the Campaign against France - Fall Gelb
At the beginning of the campaign in the West therefore, the staff followed./JG 2, III./JG 2 and I./JG 76. Subject was continue to Stíhacímu command 3 when II. the aviation corps. The task of the staff was to provide air cover for attack of the forehead army Group. The French commanders were initially surprised and the Germans here didn't face any air counterattack. During the first four days, the pilots of JG 2 hit only on one reconnaissance Potez 63, which was sent to earth lieutenant Jobst Hauenschild. But things changed 14. may. The French commanders they realized the seriousness of the situation in the place of breakthrough. After a whole day in space flown allied bombers, unfortunately in an uncoordinated manner and with large temporal spacing, and attempted to destroy the pontoon bridges across the meuse river at sedanského bridgehead. Thanks to allied mistakes they competed against the various waves of rested pilots in the machines with upgraded fuel and ammunition. Allied fighters while trying to give the bombers an escort, however the result was the slaughterhouse known on the German side as a Day fighter - the country was 89 allied aircraft. Almost half of them shot down by JG 53, however, 16 of the machine fell victim to the pilots of JG 2. However, the additional kills added II. the group operates outside the squadron. The following days were considerably quieter. The crew of the squadron is already 14. may moved from Wengerohru to Bastogne and 18. may moving to the Signy-le-Petit. The pilots of JG 2 added for more kills and in the evening 20. may ascended the sum of the kills of the entire squadron on the number 100. The situation on the ground is quickly developed, as the ground forces reached at the Abbeville canal La Manche. Units of the RAF were in the process of evacuation to Britain, and the evacuation of ground units encircled at Dunkirk was about to begin. JG 2 aired their machines just over Dunkirk. Here also the pilots of the squadron first encountered the spitfires operating from bases in England. This was 26. may. The stukas attacked the citadel in Calais, and the ships in the harbor. Seven pilots 2. the squadron along with Paul Temmem them to provide fighter escort. Attacked is twenty spitfires, whose pilots were trying to destroy the stukas. Lady luck was standing on the German side, so the result was five downed british aircraft. Temme over Calais came with 1. squadron and shot down more spit. At the end of the day. the group announced the ten spitfires and one blenheima. III. the group did worse, shot down that day, just the two of morana. Followed by two quiet days. Followed by two kills announced as the Westland Wapiti (sic!).

the Campaign against France - Fall Rot
The netherlands and Belgium were now fully in German hands, the British withdrew on maternity islands and the north of France was occupied. Now it was time to curl up on the south. During 1. and 2. June 1940 the squadron in preparation for the next phase shifted to Couvronu in Laonu. Now its pilots were running into the French machine. The country sent the entire gun. The most that promote Helmut Wick. The attack began at 3. June operations of PAUL, which were raids on French airport and a weapons factory in the environs of Paris. The squadron that day, shot down seven machines. 4. June was II. group of JG 2 released from the area of the Air army 2 in Belgium and flew to Monceau-le-Waast, which is a village near the Laonu. Squadron so zkoncentrovala their three groups, and the following day so she could fly off allocated Also. skuina JG 76. 5. and 6. June is among the most successful period in the history of the squadron. The in their course had shot down 41 of the French aircraft, losing only one pilot. After 6. June, the number of French machines in the air significantly decreased. However, even so did Helmut Wick over Reims to shoot down 8. June one bloch and one blenheim. The second day added to the Soissons another blenheim and 13. June has reached the final downing of the british machines in the framework of the French campaign, when during the battle of Provins sent to earth by the other machine. On that day, all the groups gathered at one of the airports in Oulchy-le-Château. Squadron here spent three days, during which 15. June lieutenant Heinz Gerisert shot down one Hawk 75. It was the last of the 185 kills, which the squadron had reached during the campaign against France. The total sum for the period of the existence of Fighter squadron 2 vaulted over the number 200. The next day the whole squadron moved to the Marigny-le-Châtel. At this time was due to poor health in the Reich ministry of aviation ordered captain Roth, the former commander of the I./JG 2. In the function replace him Hennig Strümpell, commander of the 3. squadron and a veteran from Spain. His place on the contrary captivated Helmut Wick, who led during the campaign more than very well. In the early morning of 25. June the armistice was declared. Two days after was the squadron redislokována to Évreux. But I had to relocate Also. a group of KG 54, and so the squadron again moved. This time to Beaumont-le-Roger in Bernay, which at that time was nothing more than a cereal field. And this place should be a base squadron for the next four years.

Begins the battle of Britain
Between the end of the battle of France and early battle of Britain occurred break, during which members of air units used for vacation and visiting homes. Wasn't but not long, because it's already 9. July 1940, the pilots accompanied the dive bombers in an air raid on the naval base in Portland. That day happened to sestřelům on both sides - both the JG 2, at 609. squadron RAF. Indeed, the pilots of these units should in the coming weeks to meet more often. 4. August in France returned III. the group, which was transferred here from Frankfurt. At the airport in Beaumont was somewhat cramped and, moreover, was still quite primitive, in addition, the British do more sorties in the area of Le Havre, and so the group settled in the airport of Octeville. 11. August all three groups of squadrons participated in the largest ever air strike against Britain. The aim was again to Portland. The pilots of JG 2 provide escort engines KG 27 and KG 54. During this operation has seen the squadron under the battle of Britain, the largest ration of victory, but at the same time sustained the hardest losses. The task of its pilots was to suppress the threat posed by british fighters over a period of 35 minutes, and it at any cost. The squadron surged around 11 hours. British commanders but they wouldn't let go. The radars saw the approaching formation and to the space they directed at least eight squadrons of the RAF. Over Weymouthským gulf of mexico has sparked intense look before you leap. When shortly after noon, the pilots of the squadron departed after replace them with members of other squadrons, there was a little less. Seven machines were shot down and moreover at Cherbourg fell in the eighth. Five pilots were registered among the dead or missing. Between these losses there was also one squadron commander and one adjutant of the group. On the other hand, have claimed twenty-two kills. Between them and the machine Tomahawk or Hawk H-75, which are obvious nonsense.

eagle Day
The squadron participated in the Day of the eagle, i.e. the attack of 13. August. His goal was to destroy the ability of the RAF to maintain air supremacy in Britain. Lags but coordination and communication, in addition to added bad weather. A number of flights so at the last minute called off, while another part was carried out more or less according to plan. Between machines, which is above the England flew away, were also those belonging to Even. group of JG 2. A dozen machines are divided into three swarms and set off to the English south coast. Paul Temme and Werner Machold get reported after one sestřeleném hurricane each, but Temem got hit and had to crash land near the base of the RAF Shoreham. During the following fourteen days, take a squadron of fighter lunges or escorts the bombers. It cost her another two captured the commander of the squadrons, several dead or missing and many injured pilots. But there were also achievements. 25. August is the total number of kills of the squadron climbed to 250. These also include Wickova twenties, for which he received 27. August knight's cross. It was only the second member of the squadron decorated this distinction. And the first was none other than squadron commander von Bulow-Bothkamp, which for the exemplary command of his unit received about five days earlier.

September 1940 in the sign of changes
26. August took place fifty bombers He 111 Air army 3 air raid on Portsmouth. They were accompanied by pilots of JG 2, who notched five kills. After their daily raids suspended for three weeks in favor of night raids on targets in central England. For JG 2 were not in the context of Aviation of the army 3 no homework, and her machines were therefore temporarily transferred under the Air army 2. The squadron has taken the airport in Mardycku, with the exception of III. the group, which settled in Oye-Plage. During the first ten days experienced pilots of the squadron almost a hundred kills. On the contrary, nine members of JG 2 was lost. This positive balance but niajk couldn't disguise the fact that the anticipated destruction of the british fighter force, with no and not attend. Göring this state resented and found a scapegoat - old commander of the fighter units, who should be at the head of squadrons and groups to be replaced by younger, průbojnějšími colleagues. The commander of JG 2, Harry von Bülow-Bothkamp was recently awarded the knight's cross for exemplary command, but even he had to take orders. However, it was up to one of the last commanders who were dismissed. In addition, he held staff positions and made it up to commander 5. fighter division. At the head of a squadron he replaced the previous commander of the II. the group of Wolfgang Schellmann, the veteran from Spain. In the head of the group replaced him with Karl-Heinz Greisert. Changes were also made for the remaining groups. At the beginning of September was Hennig Strümpell transferred to the Fighter school 4 in Fürth and in the pic it was replaced by Helmut Wick, the former commander of the 3. squadron. The commander of the III. the group of Erich Mix was at the end of the month, replaced by Otto Bertram. In his case, although it was one of the last flying veterans of the first world war, we can't talk about the end, because after a time appeared back in the command function, when he stood at the head of JG 1. September 1940 brought reasons to celebrate as three members of the squadron received the knight's cross Werner Machold and Hans Hahn in twenty kills and Wolfgang Schellmann for a dozen kills in Spain, the other ten during the western campaign and in addition, for exemplary command.

London
Goering and Hitler, fortunately, they did not realize how close to collapse was the london Headquarters of the czechoslovak air force, when ordered to end the raids on his airport and focus on the bombed London. It apparently lost the battle of Britain, and indirectly the whole war. JG 2 during the second half of September reached four kills and recorded also four losses. Before the end of the month in addition, the squadron returned to the scope of the Air army 3. 26. of September accompanied the bombers during a raid Woolston with its factories the company Supermarine. Over Southampton and the isle of Wight pilots of JG 2 achieved twelve victories. In the same area between the towns of Weymouth and Selsey, the pilots came back during the following week. During four of the smaller missions there has been more than twenty kills. 5. October was accompanied by two groups of JG 2 bombers Ju 88 during their raid on Southampton. During this event there was a large conflict between the escort fighters of JG 2 and british fighters. Just Wickova Even. the group reported eleven victories hurricanů. Then on the German side it was believed that this occurred to the disposal of one entire british squadron and Wick by phone congratulated itself Goering. However, the british losses were, in fact, significantly smaller. However, the Wick was in a good mood and more of the same over the isle of Wight back, while he shot down two further spitfires, bringing his number of victory reached the number 42. The following day he was promoted to major and received the oak leaves. At that time he was only the fourth member of the armed forces who has received this honor. And that wasn't the end. 20. October Schellmann flew to take command of JG 27, and on its place took just Helmut Wick, then the youngest squadron commander in the entire air force. In its place at the forefront. the group lost to Karl-Heinz Krahl. In the time between 20. and 26. October 1940 was part of JG 2 in Mont de Marsan, where it provided air coverage of the meeting of Hitler with Franco in Hendaye. After returning to III. skuina moved to Bernay and the airport of Octeville occupied by-squadron. 27. October went pilots of the squadron over the Channel and 1. squadron shot down two hurricanes. The following day, he visited the squadron Goering. On the same day he received the knight's cross of the commander of the III. a group of Otto Bertram, who was also sent home, as both his brothers were shot down, and him so they were banned the next battle years ago. The rest of the war spent at staff and school functions. At the head of III./JG 2 it was replaced by Hans Hahn, the commander of the 4. squadron. Even at the turn of October and November conducting pilots of JG 2 lunges against the English south coast, although the battle of Britain winding down. 13. November received the knight's cross of the Karl-Heinz Krahl. It was in this year for the eighth decorated pilot of JG 2. 16. November reached the number of kills entire squads on the number 500. Then there was a break, which lasted fourteen days. Both sides were depleted and in addition there was bad weather. 28. November flew Wick with your staff swarm and over the isle of Wight shot down his pětapadesátou sacrifice, which has made him the most successful fighter of the Luftwaffe. After returning to Cherbourg he left his machine to replenish fuel and ammunition, and immediately returned to the air, because he wanted to take advantage of the good weather. In the same area shot down another spitfire, which was his success number 56. And also the last, as shortly after shot down by John Dundas of 609. squadron RAF. It subsequently shot down Rudolf Pflanz. After Wick, who ejected, was a bolo out, but all was in vain, to find him failed..
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-eskadra-2-1939-1945-t162636#496523Version : 0
MOD

JG 2 on THE DEFENSIVE

Fighters of the RAF in the attack
The death of Helmut Wick, the hero of JG 2, as if to symbolize a turnaround in the operations of the squadron. The inaccessible in the attack. Partially in Poland, but mainly in France and over Britain. Now a change has occurred. Its precursor was 20. December, when a pair of spitfires to carry out the attack on the airport of Le Touquet. It was the first time since the evacuation from Dunkirk, when the fighters of the RAF operating from airfields in the Uk attacked over France. 9. January made around the French coast fly three squadrons of the RAF, to have shown, that times are slowly but surely changing. JG 2 while refusing to give up dominance over "their" parts of the Canal, but its position began to deteriorate. British headquarters fighter the air force has begun to recover from the losses from the battle of Britain, gained momentum and constitute a still greater danger. On the contrary, German forces in the area dwindled. However, it was a gradual process. Winter 1940/1941 both sides used primarily to seal the losses and rest. Indeed, even Wickův successor in the role of a squadron commander was not immediately named. Karl-Heinz Grasert was only entrusted with the management of the position of the commander of the II. groups. The pilots alternately were healing in the Alps or přeškolovali on the machine the Bf-109 F, which was the squadron during the spring gradually přeškolována. Only in mid-February, he was appointed the new squadron commander. Become Wilhelm Balthasar, flying ace and former commander of the III./JG 3.

Reorganization of the Luftwaffe in the West
In connection with through due attention of the German armed forces to the southeast and subsequently eastern Europe was the weakening and the reorganization of the air units in the West. One squadron after another out of here were returning, when there remained only JG 2, together with JG 26. She was put in charge of the coast from Belgium for northern France, so the JG 2 remained guarding the coast of the English channel from the western shore of the Seine around the Atlantic ocean. Group of JG 2 were in the spring of 1941 stationed as follows: I. group in Cherbourg-Théville, II. group in Brest and III. group in Caen-Roquancourt.

Brest
The presence of II./JG 2 in Brest you holding the presence of the battle cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau in the local port, which attracted the british presence. The british is, in fact, discovered 28. march, just six days after their arrival. And already two days after they have completed the first raid. During the following eleven months ago, they then made the other sixty.

Fighter duel
Squadron but to also badger. Kills recorded over the Doverskými reefs, Norman islands or the isle of Wight. Over Brighton shot down Helmut Schönemann spitfire, which replenishment squadron JG 2 scored the first victory. 17. may scored Balthasar his first kill in the function of the commander of JG 2, when sent to earth by a british spitfire. Werner MAcholdovi managed to achieve a victory even over the traditional hunting ground of JG 2, near Portland, but three of his colleagues here on the contrary that day lost. Although survived, but it was a clear signal that the period of successful sorties over southern England without losses of their own is gone. Indeed, these attacks were still less. The squadron moved on to the defensive and on the contrary, the RAF embarked on an intensive summer offensive. The most dangerous were the operation type of the Circus, during which it has been falling a small group of bombers with a strong fighter escort. JG 2, having the task to protect the key objects, couldn't these groups, unlike type operations Rhubarb or Rodeo composed only of fighters, ignore it and had to attack them, which presented a considerable risk. The british air offensive meant for JG 2 increase in the number of victories, but also losses. Increased british onslaught forced redislokaci forces JG 2. II. the group moved to Abbeville-Drucat, and in the Brest replaced it Even. group. II. group but in the Abbeville long romantic, as they soon moved to St. Pol-Bryas, where was i III. the group and crew squads.

Pilots of JG 2 on fighter bombardovacíh missions
Most of the JG 2 was devoted to the fighter protection of the French coast of the English channel, the part of the pilots still take lunges to the English coast, and in the role of fighter-bombers. This matter arose towards the end of the battle of Britain. Bomber and fighter squadrons suffered heavy losses, and Goering, therefore, decided that a third of the fighter force has to be konevrtována on the fighter-bomber. Each squadron should perform after their. By JG 2 were selected, 1., 6. and 7. squadron. Their machines have received podvěsy of the bombs and the pilots got the new tactical instructions. Should be in the low altitude approach to the target on the English coast, to bring down on him its bombs, and subsequently go into fighter mode. Most while witnessing the commander of 7./JG 2 Werner Machold. His fate but illustrates the hazards of such missions. 9. June was in the low altitude shot down by a barrage of anti-aircraft guns aboard the destroyer Blencathra, was forced to make an emergency landing at Swanage and fell into captivity.

Problems with Friedrichy
Machines Messerschmitt Bf-109 F were from the beginning of the technical problems. Problems with the integrity of the tail section were resolved by adding braces, but continued to the unexplained losses. Fatal this happened i air ace of JG 26 Gustav Sprickovi, which came in a duel suddenly lost one wing. The same problem became the cause of death of the commander of JG 2 Wilhelm Balthasara, which during the fight with a pair of spitfires near St Omer fell off the wing and the machine crashed to the earth. Balthasar died 3. July, the day after he received the oak leaves.

Achievements in the fight with the british offensive
These problems further aggravate the situation severely tested by JG 2. However, her balance was still active. Her accomplishments exceed the losses, even if you still grow. It was thanks mainly to the ec as was the commander of the III./JG 2, Hans Hahn and his commanders of the squadrons Egon Mayer and Siegfried Schnella. 8. July OKW has announced that JG 2 reached 644 victories, which equaled the number of setřelů kits Richthofenovy units. Shortly after Schnell shot down nine spitfires during the two days, and immediately received the oak leaves. Behind nezustávali even the pilots of staff Erich Leie, Rudolf Pflanz and Günther Seeger. The situation above Brestem was quieter, but it is worth noting the success of Ulrich Adrian, who at that time shot down in La Pallice british Stirling 15. squadron RAF. This was the first shoot čtyřmotorového bomber, which reached the pilot of JG 2. Activity at La Pallice was linked with the fact that here temporarily moored Scharnhorst. 24. July was a planned attack with 150 bombers at Brest. Due to the location of one of the battle cruisers there has been a change of plans. Over the Brest issued a 79 wellingtons and 18 hampdenů, while above the Brest it took 15 halifaxů. Due to the fact that the fighter escort was provided only hampdenům, experienced pilots Even. group of JG 2 the whole number of kills. On the other hand, the group lost eight machines and two more were damaged, with lost six pilots and two others were injured. One of them was the commander of 3./JG 2 Julius Meimberg, who had previously shot down two bombers. The two victories he scored and the commander of the group Krahl.

the New commander and the first kill B-17
The new commander of squadron 29. July became the Walther Oesau, which reached 86 kills and was holder of the swords to the knight's cross. Oesau could rely on the piles of their staff swarms. Lys and Pflanz have received 1. August knight's cross for twenty kills (another member of the swarm Seeger had on account of his thirteen kills). The same honours received on the same day for the same reason and Egon Mayer, commander of the 7. squadron. Oesau achieved the first victory in his new role 10. August. Two days later he scored four more kills. That day he scored three victories and commander of the III. the group of Hans Hahn, who has reached 46. kills and received the oak leaves. These and other successes meant that the squadron in August reached 800 kills. One of the successes was also a B-17 heading over the Brest. The plane flew at a height of 9720 feet, where he attacked Erwin Kley from 1. squadron. This was a shoot in the then record height. In fact, he was not a machine shot down, but only damaged. However, the emergency landing at the airport in Devon failed and the machine was destroyed. The squadron rode on a winning streak, but that should slowly go. By the end of the year she managed only three times to achieve double-digit number of kills in one day. However, most experienced pilots, the so-called experts, steadily adding more and more achievements, as they managed to take advantage Friedrichů compared Spitfirům In. 4. September were the knight's cross honors two other pilots - Kurt Bühligen and Joseph Wurmheller. That day, the squadron added another type to the list of downed aircraft, when Karl Nowak north of Cherbourg won over whirlwindem.

Followed by two weeks of relative calm, but in the last third of September has once again flared up with no less intensity. This time she had a squadron of luck and lost a single pilot at the expense of the 41 british spitfires. Fortune was inclined, even in October, when pilots of the squadron shot down 33 of the other spitfires. Nine of them he scored a staff swarm. Walter Oesau this shifted the number of their kills on a flat a hundred. 8. November the RAF lost 17 spitfires in the area of Lille. Ten of them have attributed the JG 2. Moreover, it was the last attack in the permanent summer offensive of the RAF. In the following weeks although there were other diatribes across the Channel, but the pressure on the squadron to significantly relented.

The Commander Also. group Karl-Heinz Krahl he flew 20. November to the Mediterranean, where he took over the II. group of JG 3. In its place, he joined captain Ignaz Prestele, which on the eastern front, he commanded 2./JG 53 and scored here thirteen kills. Even./JG 2 in December to reflect the british bombers, which attacked the vessels of the Kriegsmarine and conduct the mining operation area. Towards the end of December the group was moved to Morlaix and Brest is settled II./JG 2, together with the staff swarm. It was therefore these two units, which were reflected last December's raid on Brest. RAF when it came on three halifaxy shot down by Erich Leie from the staff of the swarm, and three spitfires. The squadron, however, reported only one kill made by Fritz Little from 5./JG 2. January 1942 was marked by relative calm, which is reflected in the statistics, the squadron scored just five kills and recorded a single wounded, and moreover the fault of the accident.

Operation Cerberus/Donnerkeil
The RAF has as yet failed to destroy the battle cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, but the Germans both feared that sooner or later could have been done, both wanted to strengthen its presence in Norwegian waters. They have therefore decided to move both of the vessel even with the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, which arrived recently, to Wilhelmshavenu (Cerberus). The vessel had to sail through the English channel. It would require among others a strong air protection (Donnerkeil) and should provide even the JG 2 in cooperation with JG 1 and JG 26. The JG 2 went to the westernmost sector of Brest after the Pas de Calais. Cruisers together with the accompanying vessels embarked on the road 11. February at 23:00. At Cherbourg to join them accompanying the aircraft of JG 2, which should give them a daily air protection. The pilots had orders to fly at low altitude and maintain radio silence, to have not been detected by british radar. In the waves after sixteen machines taking turns in half-hour patrolách above by laying the cards played even rain and snow showers. The british discovered it at the Cape Gray Nose. It was a six-cabin aircraft Fairey Swordfish of 825. squadron maritime air force with an escort of ten spitfires. British pilots for the approach, unfortunately, chosen the worst possible moment. It was a time when the protection of ships to transmit to the messerschmitt JG 2 and the focke-wulfy JG 26. Add to this the on-board anti-aircraft cannons, did not the British stand a chance and their machines have gone in a few minutes to the ground. The pilots of JG 2 in the framework of this operation have credited to the account of downed spitfires, swordfishe, whirlwindy and hampdeny. It was another success for the Luftwaffe, who seems to have had to change the direction of the development of the air war over western Europe, where it gradually began to fall the numbers of successes of the JG 2 and on the contrary, the growth of its losses.

Fighter bombers
This illustrates well the fact that unlike the previous year of abundant on honors, received in 1942 the knight's cross of the only two pilots of JG 2. Even in the one case, moreover, was not a classic tank, but the commander of the fighter-bomber squadrons, of which one case was the award in memoriam. The origins of this squadron can be traced in the already mentioned missions, 1., 6. and 7. the squadron, which operated with the modified machine fighter-bomber strikes. In November 1941, was created for this purpose specialized 13. squadron, which was in April 1942, renamed 10. squadron. At its head stood captain Frank Liesendahl, who previously led 6./JG 2. Pilots have already taken action in the form of a zoom at a great height, attack, and then a quick flight away. Now, on the contrary operated at low altitudes and systematic attack on a vessel in the Channel and the various objects on the coast of southern England. They were pretty successful and just over three months at the turn of spring and summer sank twenty vessels of a displacement over 60 thousand tons, but in comparison with air raids and strikes of the RAF and the USAAF that was, in principle, negligible.

Overkill on the Focke-Wulf 190
To increase the combat potential of the squad was gradually re-equipped with the machines Focke-Wulf Fw 190. The process started at the beginning of march, when Even. the group sent to the airport Le Bourget přezbrojovací section. The introduction of the new machine is not without accidents. During one of them was killed Fritz Maly, but it changed nothing on the decision to change the aircraft and the whole process was completed during may.

Staff swarm
The exception was the staff of the swarm, which were allowed to retain their friedrichy. Since Oesau got after the hundredth kill, the ban on combat flights, he led a swarm of adjutant of the squadron Erich Leie. A technical officer was Rudolf Pflanz. To them have been added two new pilots, šikovatelé Fritz Stritzel and Joseph Bigge. At the end of the year 1941 was a swarm expanded to six pilots, newcomers were lieutenant Fritz Edelmann and chief quartermaster Carl. Oesau, however, interpreted the ban on flights, total of free. When over Beaumont-le-Roger 17. April flew through a formation of Lancasters of the RAF, the aim of which was aušpurská factory for diesel engines company MAN, took off with his plane and went behind them. The same have also made a few pilots of II./JG 2. The result was a victory four the british machinery of state 44. squadron. Score squads high on the 1 001 kills, while Oesau wrote down kill number 101. Superiors as an excuse for disobeying the prohibition said he was on a normal test flight, when it suddenly sprung on the enemy formation, and he was only defending himself. Due to the fact that it was about the bombers, it was at first glance a curious excuse, but she wasn't that special after all. Of the thousands of kills it seemed to the staff swarm 113, And. a group of 346, II. group 267, at III. a group of 258 and on the by-squadron/group of 16 kills. Due to the number of pilots, should JG 2 total executive staff swarm. But the situation should soon change. In may, there has been several changes. Right at the beginning of the month left the squadron commander of the II. the group of Karl-Heinz Greisert and his replacement, the current commander of the 5. the squadron Helmut Bolz. 4. may was in Octeville shot down by the commander And. a group of Ignaz Prestele. In its place, he joined the adjutant esakdry Erich Leie, which in the meantime he worked in the staff swarm. For that it was the beginning of the end. So far, however, flew in synergy with 1. flying high-altitude missions. In the middle of the month was part 1. the squadron escorted out of the fighting and re-equipped with the new Bf 109 G-1 with a pressurized cabin. When it was overkill has ended 1. the squadron was renamed on 11. squadron and officially listed as a high-rise. Its leader became the former technical officer esakdry and a member of the staff of the swarm Rudolf Pflanz. Meanwhile, from the remnants of the original 1. the squadron formed a new 1. squadron, which was supplemented, inter alia, the pilots of the staff of the swarm, which was hereby cancelled.

Temporary domination
Overkill on the machines, the Bf 109 G and the Fw 190 has brought pilots esakdry the advantage of better equipment in comparison with british opponents. You her close up with the onset of the Spitfire IX. In the meantime, could the pilots of JG 2 again for a moment feel like the rulers of heaven. And it showed even in the sattistikách. For example, from 30. may to 4. June, pilots of the squadron got fifty aerial victories. On the other hand, brought the July death of the two commanders of the squadrons. 17. July killed the commander of the 10. squadron (fighter-bomber) Frank Liesendahl, when he during a raid against a ship in brixhamském the port became a fatal barrage of anti-aircraft guns. And the last July day killed the chief of the above mentioned 11. the squadron Rudolf Pflanz.

Dieppe
The most striking event of the month of August was unsuccessful canadian landings at Dieppe. JG 2 took part in fierce air file over the area, during which the RAF lost approximately 100 aircraft. The pilots of JG 2 got a 59 certain and 7 probable kills. Most successfully did Josef Wurmheller, who, though he had a leg in a cast, managed to shoot down seven planes. For this performance he received the oak leaves and promotion to lieutenant. Fighter-bomber squadron managed to destroy two gunships and four others damaged. In addition hit the two destroyers, with HMS Berkeley that he took so seriously, that had to be sunk. The new commander of the squadron of Fritz Schröter for this he received the knight's cross. The squadron but had to count losses in the form of 11 destroyed and 10 damaged aircraft. About eight pilots esakdra came permanently, six of them were injured..
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-eskadra-2-1939-1945-t162636#496524Version : 0
MOD

USAAF ADDS

air Raids of the american 8th. air army
Almost a forgotten part of the allied operation at Dieppe was the diversionary air raid of american B-17 to the airport in Abbeville-Drucat. It was only the second raid of the american 8. the air army. This was the germ of a future large-scale american daylight bombing activities. But the pilots of 8. the air army dared only at targets near the shores of the English channel in the Benelux and northern France. Here operated on JG 26, however, the III./JG 2 moved at the beginning of September to Poix two of his squadron. However, it took another few weeks, before the intensification of the american air raids. The remaining squadron of III. group, Stolleho 8./JG 2 was moved to Brest. The cruisers here have already were not, however, the base in the area of the atlantic coast had several fleets of submarines. Those at the beginning and at the end of their missions they floated on the surface, and would thus be an easy target for the Headquarters of the coastal air force RAF. Stolleho the pilots, therefore, should provide air cover. When the Germans got used to the new style of fighting and took down a few beaufighterů, became for them a new danger. American pilots of bombers began to gradually risk for a longer and more dangerous missions. Among them were also air raids on submarine bases on the French atlantic coast, i.e. in the scope of the 8./JG 2.

Bombers of the american 8th. air army
21. October released to Lorient formation-composed of the machines of the B-17 and B-24. Because of cloud cover, found the target just 97. bomber group. Three of its machines are already in England came back. On the other hand 8./JG 2 lost lieutenant Lüttera. During a raid on Saint Nazaire from the 9. November lost to the next american B-17. 18. November came during a raid on La Pallice on the other machine, but the machine-gunners managed to destroy two of the German focke-wulfy. At that time, was the defence of the area has been augmented, when the rest of III. the group moved to Vannes-Meuconu. The head of a group already but wanted Hans Han that an early November he flew on the eastern front to take over II./JG 54. At the head of III./JG 2 it was replaced by Egon Mayer. Analytically based Mayer assessed that the best way to fight čtyřmotorovými bombers is to attack from the front. Soon you should verify in practice. 23. November to Saint Nazaire swept in the bomber formation B-17 and B-24. Most because of the cloud couldn't find the goal, it succeeded only nine B-17. When flown at the target, the attack against them subject of mayer's focke-wulfy attacking in threes. They managed to shoot down four machines. Tactic but still not without mistakes, which was reflected by two German machines were damaged and one shot down. Tactic however in general Gallanda. After what has undergone minor adjustments (fighters should continue to attack from the front, but a little bit of height), was introduced as officially recommended. And was pretty successful. Guess it's no surprise that the most successful executor was the Mayer. 30. December sent 8. army aviation and another formation of bombers over Lorient. Three B-17 came back. The same however should be said about one focke-wulf.

Fighter-bombers JG 2
The last day in October to have issued a fighter-bomber focke-wulfy JG 2, together with colleagues from JG 26 on a retaliatory strike against Canterbury. Focke-wulfy while came back fine, however one escort fighter was shot down by a spot over the coast of Kent. The January operation 10. the squadron have been less successful. Squadron when they lost a few focke-wulfů, which fell victim to the british typhoonům. In march 1943 then was the squadron transferred to the subordination of the newly established SKG 10.

Operation Torch
The allied landings in northwest Africa in November 1942 alarmed the German high command, which feared that it will soon follow the landing in the south of France. It was decided therefore to occupy vichystickou part of France. Air cover for advancing ground units, provide and Even./JG 2, which had advanced down the axis Dreux-Marseille. As with the Allies in the south of France nevylodili and even that obviously they weren't going to, flew a group from marseille Marignane in mid-January 1943, and returned to Normandy. Group commander Erich Leie at the time he left for the eastern front, where he took over I./JG 51. In the forefront./JG 2 it replaced the previous commander of the II./JG 2, Helmut Bolz. His function was assumed by the Adolf Dickfeld, who came from JG 52, which on the eastern front has achieved 115 kills.

Trip II./JG 2 and 11./JG 2 on the south
However, even before these changes, the II. the group in the first half of November released on Sicily and then to Tunisia. Here should help stop the allied advance north Africa. For this purpose was temporarily subordinated to JG 53. The progress of the land battles its pilots, while substantially not affected, however, have achieved here a whole series of kills. For four months, when the group was active, its pilots destroyed about 150 allied aircraft. While they themselves lost only nine pilots. Among the most successful fighters in Africa were Kurt Bühligen and Erich Rudorffer. This, for example, managed to shoot down six machines of the P-40 during the seven minutes. In the middle of march II, the group returned to Normandy. To Tunisia flew even Meimbergova high-rise squadron. Apart from the II./JG2 but this squadron was to JG 53 přivtělena on took and to Normandy has returned.

Increasingly difficult to Normandy
The pilots of JG 2 from 1943 still more work. Not only had to fight with the traditional enemy at low and medium altitudes in the form of tactical and fighter force of the RAF and the USAAF, but now increasingly had to fight at high altitudes against the american heavy bombers. The squadron while neptřila between the official units performing air defense of the Reich against the bombers, but vzhledek the fact that a number of bombers swooped her territory, she had to against them to interfere. However, the pilots of JG 2 perceived as an honor that they are included primarily to defend the Empire, but that they are the front unit. Performance of the dual role was reflected in the statistics. In 1943, the squadron lost nearly 200 pilots, including nine commanders of the squadrons. Not to mention the other hundred injured. Between the downed commander of the squadrons was also the holder of the knight's cross of the Horst Hannig of 2. the squadron, which at the beginning of the year arrived from the eastern front from JG 54. 15. may lost a fight with spitfires over Rocquancourtem.

Changes in JG 2
That the unit was better prepared for his new function, was Also. and II. the group partially re-equipped with the Bf 109s, which, unlike the focke-wulfů wouldn't lose performance at high altitudes. This nejednost in the arsenal of the group but showed up as appropriate, and so it was decided that Even. the group will have only the focke-wulfy and II. group only the messerschmitt version G. Old warhorses JG 2 still attributed the achievements. Bruno Stolle reached 29 victories and received the knight's cross, Egon Mayer reached 63 kills and got the oak leaves. In may vystřídl at the forefront. the group of Helmut Bolze holder of the knight's cross of the Erich Hohagen, who arrived from the eastern front from JG 51. To 1. July was Walter Oesau become the commander of Fighter command of Brittany. A farewell left ready on the 28. June celebrate their thirtieth birthday. Just that night but over the airport in Beaumont-leRoger swept in formation třiačtyřiceti B-17 bombers, which wanted the airport to knock out of the activity. It may have failed, yet there has been great damage. Killed nineteen members of the ground personnel and Josef Höllerer from the staff of the squadron. When he left Oesau into a staff function, replaced him at the head of esakdry Egon Mayer. The new commander of the III. the group later became Bruno Stolle. Another change occurred in August, when Erich Rudorffer left for the eastern front to take over II./JG 54. At the head of II./JG 2 stood Kurt Bühligen. At that time arrived at the battlefield of the american machine P-47 Thunderbolt, which turned out to be a dangerous foe.

air Raids on the bases of JG 2
15. August has taken more than 80 bombers B-17 raid on the base II./JG 2 in the Vitry-en-Artois. Three pilots II. the group shot down the fighter escort, on the ground then killed another five people, eight were injured. The following day, swept in the next formation at Le Bourget, Poix. JG 2 on that day, suffered the heaviest losses within the year 1943. Nine pilots were killed, six more were injured. One of the victims was the commander of 1./JG 2 oberleutnant Ferdinand Müller. The end of the month the squadron lost two other the commander of the squadrons and at the beginning of September was mortally wounded the third.

Raid on Stuttgart
Air raid bombers of the american 8th. the air army at Stuttgart from 6. September was one big failure. After all the way to her Fortress, whose formation tore up the clouds, attacking the interceptors and the flakes. The raid cost Americans 45 machines, three of them notched Egon Mayer. But these achievements should not be too often repeated, rather the contrary. 16. September was forced to make an emergency landing the commander of the I./JG 2 Erich Hohagen. His attack on the six bombers in Rennes cost him his unpleasant injury. 23. September lost squadron of twelve pilots, among whom was Josef Wurmheller, who was hit with shrapnel during an emergency landing in Vannes.

Reorganization
The squadron, as well as many others at that time went through a reorganization, during which were a number of squadrons in groups increased from three to four. This should be strengthened by the fighting value of the individual squads. In the case of JG 2, to the formation of a new squadron (10./JG 2), the other has more or less existed. There was also a renumbering. See
1. squadron - remained
2. squadron - remained
3. squadron - remained
4. squadron - formerly 11. squadron

5. squadron - remained
6. squadron - remained
7. squadron - previously 4. squadron
8. squadron - formerly 12. squadron

9. squadron - remained
10. squadron - new
11. squadron - previously 7. squadron
12. squadron - previously 8. squadron.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-eskadra-2-1939-1945-t162636#496938Version : 0
MOD

NORMANDY


in General
The reorganization of the end of the year 1943 was to increase the combat power of the squadron. It may have happened, although it wasn't so essential, but the Allies at the turn of the year they pulled a pretty major trump card. On the battlefield has arrived-remote escort fighter P-51 B Mustang, which could accompany heavy bombers for the duration of their flight. British in addition have added later versions of the spitfire, so the situation of the German fighters was through all of the efforts are still precarious. The allies now had a predominance not only in number but also in quality. And for JG 2 had the Allies arranged one more surprise. In her heavily guarded area should occur to the invasion, so this space was one of those, which was centered around the increased pressure in preparation for the actual landing. In January 1944, although the number of kills of the squadron reached number 2 000, but the rate of loss is significantly accelerated. In January, the unit lost nineteen pilots, including three commanders of the squadrons and adjutant of the squadron Fritz Edelmann, that this feature took over in may 1942 by Erich Leie.

Italy
The situation for Germany was not going well on other fronts, Italy included. The allies will proceed significantly more slowly than expected, however, more and more Italian airport passed under allied control, which threatened still more the area of the German possessions in the south of Europe. One of the countermeasures was to move the Hohagenovy Even./JG 2 to jihofrancouzského Aix-en-Provence, which occurred towards the end of January 1944. The situation here was no calmer than in Normandy. Right now 27. January lost 2. a squadron of two machines, for 15. air force I carried out attacks on German airport in the south of France. One pilot lost a fight with a flight of B-17 over Aix, the other succumbed to spitfirům over the Toulon. The allies from the air raids promised disruption of the fierce German strikes against the bridgehead at Anzio. Also. the group after a short time moved to a base in central Italy - in Canina, Castiglione and Diabola. Her messerschmitt and focke-wulfy were immediately deployed to the areas of Anzio and Nettuna. Well here he led the commander of 1./JG 2 Siegfried Lemke, but the Allied superiority was reflected in the high number of German losses. For example, 3. march sent 15. army aviation and the formation of the eighty bombers of the B-24 with a strong fighter escort on the raid, whose objective was the German airport in Viterbo and Caninu. Thunderbolty during this operation got seven successes, including two focke-wulfů and one messerschmitt from Even./JG 2. At the beginning of April 1944. a group from Italy withdrew, but even that was not without loss. When 4. the squadron flew back to Aix, it got its eight Gustavů over Grossetem into a fight with more than twenty allied fighters. They managed to shoot down one mustang, however, one German fighter had to jump out on a parachute and another was forced to crash land. In the Aix group has spent a total of a quiet April and in early may she returned to Creil.

Death of Egon Mayer, and Kurt Ubbena
Meanwhile, the situation in the area of the channel is deteriorated significantly. From the beginning of the year, for example, the squadron lost two commanders. First 2. march 1944 died Egon Mayer, when he led a formation of fourteen focke-wulfů composed of the machines of the staff swarms and III. a group against a group of B-17 bombers in the area of the Sedan. Did not notice during the thirty thunderboltů, that lurked over them. The allies to the Germans immediately got out and immediately shot down two machines. In the subsequent duel, then went to the ground four more machines. One of them was the Mayer, which crashed near Montmédy. Thus ended the leading expert of the Luftwaffe to combat čtyřmotorovým bombers. In the day of his death, he received the swords. Mayer at the head of JG 2 replaced Kurt Ubben, former commander of the III./JG 77 and the holder of the oak branch with the 110 achieved victories. At the head of esakdry but didn't last too long. 27. April in Reims got into a similar situation as before him Mayer. Managed to get him to jump, but the parachute failed. Kurt Ubben has thus become the fourth commander of JG 2, who was killed in the fight. It was between the German military eskadrami record. Ubbena replaced at the head of JG 2 Kurt Bühligen, the current commander of the II./JG 2, the holder of the branch and 96 kills. II. the group after it took over Georg Schröder. Loss but did not relate to only the commanders of squads, but even lower degrees. Only in February 1944 the squadron wrote off the 26 dead or missing pilots. Next to them her weakened another 15 injured. One of them was Herbert Huppertz, but soon recovered and in march took over the III. group when was Bruno Stolle was transferred to the Gunnery school. In march the squadron lost three of the commander of squadrons, in April of the next. Unlike pilots, who over Germany flying missions at high altitudes in the defence of the Empire, accounted for the pilots of JG 2 on the western front the greater the danger of the P-47 Thunderbolt than the P-51 Mustang. From předinvazního period was for the JG 2 of the worst 30. April, when she has lost 13 pilots. In may wrote off the other two the commander of the squadrons. One of them became the victims of british aircraft Hawker Typhoon.

May redislokace
Although this is from today's perspective, the strange, and left JG 2 to the end of may and in early June the area of the English channel. The reasons are not completely understood. Either it was needed to clean up the squadron to the relative safety, since the number of! machines dropped to less than a third of full strength, or it was a preventive measure because of uncertainty about the actual place of landing. Anyway III. the group has moved from Cormeilles to Fontenay le Comte, II. the group left the Creil and went to Germany, where he had to rearm to a newer version Gustavů. Finally even even. the group has moved from the 3. June of Cormeilles to the area around Nancy.

D-Day
However, when it came to landing on the normandy beaches, were visited by gradually machines Even. and III. groups in Creil, where they were issued over the area of the landing, in order here attacked the vessel, shelled enemy ground units or tempt battles with allied airmen. The pilots used and a backup airport in the middle of Senlis. Squadron 6. June managed to shoot down 18 allied fighters. Squadron leader Kurt Bühligen reached its 99. downing, however, the most successful fighter of the day was the commander of the III./JG 2 Herbert Huppertz, who shot down two typhoons and two mustangs. You belong to the group of the twelve machines, which postřelovaly German convoy and didn't see the eight focke-wulfů led by Huppertzem. Eight of them for his inattention paid. As for the losses, came to the squadron about two machines. One crashed on the way from Nancy to Creil, further shot down your own flak south of Rouen. The gunners seem to be wrong with the british typhoonem.

D-Day+1
And the next day came a squadron of two machines. One pilot of 10./JG 2 approached too close to Rouen, where he had apparently once again the service of a keen anti-aircraft artilleryman. Lieutenant Wolfgang Fischer flew in formation, which was to attack the ships at the beaches of Gold and the occupied habitat of the radar Würzburg at Pointe du Hoc. In the attack on the dropship with tanks getting into the thick of the firing airborne anti-aircraft guns, his machine got hit and he jumped on a parachute. The wind has blown it up over the mainland, where he landed in a minefield, from which it withdrew british troops straight into captivity. On the other hand the squadron that day announced a 10 downed enemy fighters. Three of them scored Siegfried Lemke, Josef Wurmheller he scored a 98. shoot in the form of the british typhoonu. But the star of the day became commander of the squadron Bühligen, who reached his 100. the kill, when the evening has won over thunderboltem.

Next days
In the following days, but began again to manifest the allied air superiority, and then began to rise the numbers of losses. Among the victims were primarily newcomers, who walked through the still improvizovanějším training and not a few of them didn't survive the first combat flight of fancy. Death but picking out even among experienced pilots. By the end of June the squadron wrote off roughly 70 pilots, among whom were eight commanders of squadrons and two commanders of the group. Hupperz was shot down 8. June over Caen. At the head of III./JG 2 replace him Wurmheller. It managed to shoot down 12. June two thunderbolty, which increased the number of kills on 101. Then added one more kill, but 22. June lost in a duel with the canadian spitfire. At the head of III./JG 2 it was replaced by Siegfried Lemke, the former commander of 1./JG 2, the fresh holder of the knight's cross with 47 kills. Meanwhile in Normandy back II. the group, which arrived from Cologne, the Baron, the backup airport south-east of Creil. After a few days off to its pilots into action to immediately have lost six machines. The two collided during takeoff, the others fell victim to the thunderboltům and flakům. Similarly, the group of the led even when the next action three days later, when again lost two machines at take-off, moreover, between these two actions can't handle one machine to change the landing. Backup airport may provide relative safety, but for the inexperienced newcomers had rendered a number of risks. Even in the air was a much safer place, quite the contrary. At the turn of June and July recorded the squadron to twelve losses for the day. For example, II. the group arrived with more than 50 machines and after twelve days she had! only 17. Also. the group had just five and a third group of eight. The squadron was almost wiped out. 11. July forward Hohagen last focke-wulfy Lemke's group and moved with her to šlesvického Husum, where should be added and rearmed. The two remaining groups continued to fight. During the following month were able to shoot down 16 machines, but themselves lost three times as much. One of the victims was even Ruthard von Richthofen, a distant relative of the famous Red baron.

a Comeback. group
13. August in Normandy back Hohagenova Even. group. On the outcome of the surgery but could not change anything. Her fresh reinforcements allied pilots quickly turned into fresh losses. During the following two weeks lost group of twenty pilots. 14. August the group was deployed for the first time. Managed to get her to shoot down three thunderbolty and one lightning, but lost six pilots. The fact that the commander of the squadron in the same received the swords for 104 kills couldn't change anything on the sombre mood at the JG 2, which was on the verge of collapse..
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-eskadra-2-1939-1945-t162636#496676Version : 0
MOD

RETREAT TO GERMANY


Move to Frankfurt
23. August is the last seven pilots Lemke III./JG 2 withdrew to Germany, where it should be, the group added. 25. August she followed the rest of JG 2. The squadron now operated from a group of airports north of Frankfurt. I almost can say that she returned to the place from which she set off on your war journey. II. the group went through Eschborn, where it received reinforcements, and then got into the Niddy, where he was stationed and the crew of the squadron. Also. the group arrived at the beginning of September to Merzhausenu. For pilots download back to German territory did not bring a time to rest. The allied aerial onslaught never sat down. 9. September the squadron lost eight focke-wulfů in conflict with a hostile group, in which the main role played thunderbolty. Three days later JG 2 wrote off an additional eight focke-wulfů, which this time ran into more than fifty mustangs in the vicinity of Wiesbaden. 28. September has been a change in the forefront./JG 2. Captain Erich Hohagen suffered during an emergency landing serious head injuries and command group took over the captain Walter Matoni, the current commander of 5./JG 26. In mid-October arrived from Königsberg in der Neumark completely přezbrojená III. the group and settled in Altenstadtu. The squadron was together again

Organizational change
To 28. September was Air force 3 renamed Headquarters air force West, with JG 2 remained in his subordination. In theory, therefore, remained a western front unit, of which they were at the squadron proud. However, in fact, operated in the same role as the other fighter units subordinate to the Air army of the Empire, which was in charge of the defence of the German territory. After all, JG 2 was assigned a color combination of stripes, which should be applied on the rear part of the fuselage and help protiletadlovému artillery for the recognition of the own aircraft from the enemy. The squadron received the combination yellow-white-yellow.

Strengthening
Although the squadron couldn't think of a greater rest, were now losing less than during the intense fighting in Normandy. During November even increased the number of! machinery from 78 to 91. This was mainly due to the fact that the squadron carried out a lot less take-offs. It had two causes. First, it was a deliberate investigation of the forces on a big strike against the american heavy bombers, the second by necessity due to lack of fuel. The squadron also received new machines. This was the aircraft the Bf 109 K and Fw 190 D-9. Less enthusiasm by the pilots caused the van podvěsů on the bombs. This meant that the planned concentrated strike against the bombers has been postponed in favor of other operations.

Battle of the Bulge
Hitler decided to try again the fortune of the Bulge and 16. December started German tanks to meet the Antverpám in order to divide the allied forces in two. The pilots of JG 2 had the attack to support from the air. Bad weather may prevent years of heavier machines, but the tactical air force of both sides taken off. The second day of the offensive set off the focke-wulfy III. groups to conduct a strike on the position of the american artillery west of Monschau, with cover m. e. II. groups. The during the event, wrote off four cars, which were shot down pilots thuderboltů. Same day lost. the group in a similar operation a few focke-wulfů, once again after the collision, the machine P-47. And the following day recorded a squadron losses, the three machines were shot down again the pilots thudů. Five days later, with the improved weather and the Allies in the air sent their bombers. American 9. army aviation has sent out gun medium bombers B-26 over the west bank of the Rhine with the task of attacking the railway infrastructure. To thwart them I formation aircraft of JG 2 in cooperation with the machines of JG 3 and JG 11. They managed to destroy sixteen of the bombers, but only JG 2 recorded ten lost the fighters that fell victim to the stíhacímu accompanied by marauders. If 24. December clear skies over western Europe, sent the Allies into the air all serviceable heavy bombers to help lighten the hard-pressed ground forces. Among the objectives of the highest importance also belonged to the airport of the Luftwaffe. Over the belonging to the JG 2 rushing more than four hundred B-17 bombers. The squadron was deployed over Bastogne, so for them there were only two machines, one in Niddě and the second in Merzhausenu. Both pilots may have attempted to defend the airfields, but were quickly shot down by escort fighters P-51.

Operation Bodenplatte
Now, when it was after the collapse of the battle of the Bulge quite clear that Germany the war lost, he got the inspector of the fighter force, Adolf Galland permits to implement long planned a large strike. The high command but decided that it won't be a mass air attack against the bombers 8. the air army, but about the raid on the base of the tactical air force in the Benelux and France. Fighter squadron 2 as a target allocated to the airport in the belgian Sint-Truiden. 1. January 1945, around the eighth hour of the morning, therefore, pilots of the squadron took off and began to shape it, to eventually gain the direction to the destination. Already shortly after takeoff but started one machine 11./JG 2 burn and fell still on the right bank of the Rhine. She was the first victim of the day. Another came after the machines of the squadron in Aachen flown over the front. The goal was still sixty miles, and the allied anti-aircraft artillery was doing everything it could to them the way a maximum of the victim. Flakům managed to shoot down a dozen machines, including aircraft belonging to the commander of II./JG 2 Georg Schröder. Upon arrival to the airport, the pilots tried to shell the american machine P-47 parked on the stojánkách, but fire on them while triggered all here, located on the artillery mainly. When the squadron embarked on the journey back, she was already about a quarter of pilots less and that she was still a tortuous journey back. Further losses in the ranks of the pilots of JG 2 has again requested the shooting of the american flakes next to it, to which is added the american fighters. The whole operation was for a squadron of one big fiasco. She managed to destroy méěn as a dozen thunderboltů, but at the same time come about the thirty-three pilots, not counting the other four injuries. The combat potential of the squadron in a single day fell by nearly 40 percent. This wound is already JG 2 failed to close. Arrived a couple of recruits and the squadron was completely re-equipped with the machines of the Fw 190 D-9, but it could not on the dismal situation at the squadron change anything.

14. January 1945
Other operations with the squadron participated in up to 14. January 1945. It was the last big clash between the Luftwaffe and the 8th. the air force. The germans, when it lost 139 fighters, which basically meant the end of the operations of the German fighter force in the West. JG 2 lost only four machines. Which was mainly a consequence of the fact that the fighting has deployed relatively few machines.

Changes from the beginning of the year
George Schroeder, who was shot down during operation Bodenplatte and fell into the clutches, replaced the head of the II./JG 2 Walter Matoni. Even./JG 2 then took the captain Fritz Karch. But Matoni in February severely injured during the emergency landing and Karch took over II./JG 2, přiřemž in the forefront./JG 2 it was replaced by captain Franz Hrdlicka. He had to his credit already 44 kills and in the forefront. the group has added at least one other and 23. march received the oak leaves. Two days after he was shot down near Frankfurt. The squadron during February and march suffered several other losses during attacks on the machine 8. and 9. the air army. She has participated in even a raid on the bridge at Remagen.

End of squadron
At the beginning of April was the squadron transferred to the subordination of the Air army of the Empire, and then moved through Bavaria into the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. In Bavaria there seems to dissolution III. the group, although according to some sources was Lemke's group deployed in the north of Germany. Anyway, the squadron moved to the area of Bohemia and came to the subordination of the IX. the air corps (With a) who was part Headquarters air force VIII. The corps now consisted only of staff and III. group of JG 7, operating the jet machines Me 262 from the airport of ruzyně airport in Prague. The crew of JG 2 and II./JG 2 were located in Cheb, while Even./JG 2 in Karlovy Vary. Their task was to protect the airport in Ruzyně. However, the war should last no longer just the last few days. Squadron leader Bühligen received orders to disband the crew and Even. group and with II. a group move to Prague. The prospect of soviet captivity pilots obviously should, and so the remnants of the squadron nezamířily east to Prague, but to the west to Bavaria. Here on the one field near the Strabingu pilots set fire to the last a dozen focke-wulfů and fit into the captive units of patton's 3. army. So ended the history of Fighter squadron 2..
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-eskadra-2-1939-1945-t162636#496675Version : 0
MOD
 Name  Knight's cross of the  Oak leaves  Swords 
Bulow-Bothkamp Harry22.8.1940 
Wick, Helmut27.8.19406.10.1940 
Machold, Werner5.9.1940  
Schellmann, Wolfgang18.9.1940  
Hahn, Hans24.9.194014.8.1941 
Bertram, Otto28.10.1940  
Schnell, Siegfried9.11.19409.7.1941 
Krahl, Karl-Heinz13.11.1940  
Rudorffer, Erich1.5.1941  
Balthasar, Wilhelm2.7.1941  
Mayer, Egon1.8.194116.4.19432.3.1944
Lys, Erich1.8.1941  
Pflanz, Rudolf1.8.1941  
Bühligen, Kurt4.9.19412.3.194414.8.1944
Wurmheller, Josef4.9.194113.11.194224.10.1944
Liesendahl, Frank4.9.1942  
Schröter, Fritz24.9.1942  
Stolle, Bruno17.3.1943  
Goltzsch, Kurt5.2.1944  
Lemke, Siegfried14.6.1944  
Huppertz, Herbert24.6.1944  
Hrdlicka, Franz9.8.1944  
Matoni, Walter2.1.1945  
Karch, Fritz17.4.1945  
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-eskadra-2-1939-1945-t162636#496937Version : 0
MOD
Diskuse
To operation Bodenplatte just dodam, of the squadron had supposed to challenge your good home base - Sint-Truiden (this time american predsunuta base A-92/B-62) this is nothing more than the St. Trond, where JG2 drive went..
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-eskadra-2-1939-1945-t162636#504285Version : 0
MOD