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Název:
Name:
T-34/85
Originální název:
Original Name:
Т-34/85
Kategorie:
Category:
střední tank
Výrobce:
Producer:
DD.01.1944-DD.MM.1946 Státní svazový závod č. 112 Rudé Sormovo, Gorkij /
DD.03.1944-DD.MM.1946 Státní svazový závod č. 183 Kominterny, Nižnij Tagil /
DD.06.1944-DD.MM.1946 Omský státní závod č. 174 K. E. Vorošilova, Omsk /
Období výroby:
Production Period:
DD.MM.1944-DD.MM.1946
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
25914:
Gorkij: 7488
Nižnij Tagil: 14432
Omsk: 3994

Produkce v ČSSR zde/Czechoslovakian production here
Produkce v Polsku zde/Polish production here
Prototyp vyroben:
Prototype Built:
DD.MM.RRRR
Osádka:
Crew:
5
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
 
Bojová hmotnost:
Combat Weight:
32000 kg
Délka s kanónem dopředu:
Length with Gun Forward:
8100 mm
Délka korby:
Hull Length:
6100 mm
Celková šířka:
Overall Width:
3000 mm
Celková výška:
Overall Height:
2700 mm
Světlá výška:
Ground Clearance:
400 mm
Šířka pásu:
Track Width:
500 mm
Měrný tlak:
Ground Pressure:
0,0824 MPa
Pancéřování:
Armour:
Korba:
- čelní - 45 mm, 60°
- boční - 45 mm, 40°
- zadní - 45 mm, 45°
- horní - 20 mm
- spodní - 20 mm

Věž:
- čelní - 90 mm
- boční - 75 mm, 20°
- zadní - 52 mm, 10°
- horní - 20 mm
Pohon:
Propulsion:
 
Typ:
Type:
V-2-34 nebo V-2-34M
- vidlicový, čtyřtaktní, vznětový s přímým vstřikováním a kapalinovým chlazením
- počet válců: 12
- maximální kroutící moment: 2 200 Nm při 1 200 ot/min
- chladící kapalina:
- v letním období: voda
- v zimním období: nízkotuhnoucí směs
- spouštění motoru: elektrické (pomocné spouštění vzduchem)
- objem chladící soustavy: 107 l
- objem mazací soustavy: 85 l / 60 l
Výkon:
Power:
367.75 kW při 1800 ot/min
Převodové ústrojí:
Transmission:
- počet převodových stupňů: 5+1
- ovládání: mechanické
Výkony:
Performance:
 
Rychlost na silnici:
Road Speed:
501) km/h
Rychlost v terénu:
Cross-country Speed:
202) km/h
Jízdní dosah po silnici:
Cruising Range on Road:
4203) km
Jízdní dosah v terénu:
Cross-country Cruising Range:
2704) km
Překonávání překážek:
Obstacles Crossing:
 
Svah:
Gradient:
30 °
Boční náklon:
Side Slope:
30 °
Překročivost:
Trench Crossing:
2,7 m
Výstupnost:
Vertical Obstacle:
0,8 m
Brodivost:
Fording Depth:
1,45) m
Výzbroj:
Armament:
 
Hlavní:
Main:
85mm kanón D-5T nebo ZiS-S-53
- náboje pro kanón: 56 (nebo 60) kusů
- maximální rychlost střelby z místa: 8 ran/min
- maximální dostřel: 14 000 m
- mířená střelba do vzdálenosti: 7 000 m
Vedlejší:
Secondary:
spřažený kulomet DTM
- ráže: 7,62 mm
- maximální dálka mířené střelby: 1500 m


spodní kulomet DTM (se zaměřovačem PPU-8-T)
- ráže: 7,62 mm
- maximální dálka mířené střelby: 1500 m
- náboje pro oba kulomety: 1890 kusů
Uživatelské státy:
User States:











































Poznámka:
Note:
1) maximální, 30 km/h průměrná
2) průměrná na polních cestách
3) bez přídavných sudů
4) bez přídavných sudů
5) bez přípravy; 3,5 m s přípravou, maximální šířka vodní překážky: 300 m


norma spotřeby paliva:
- letní: 250 l/100 km
- zimní: 290 l/100 km

spotřeba paliva:
- na silnici: 160 l/100 km
- v terénu: 230 l/100 km

ochrana proti ZHN:
- žádná

zadýmovací zařízení:
- vezené dýmovnice MDŠ, elektrické odpalování z vozidla, jednorázové použití

- napětí v elektrické síti vozidla: 24 V

objem všech palivových nádrží: 815 l
- objem 8 vnitřních nádrží: 545 l
- objem 3 vnějších přídavných palivových nádrží: 270 l

Normy provozu:
- kontrolní prohlídka: při zastávkách, při přestávkách v bojové činnosti nebo podle potřeby

- základní ošetření: po 150 až 200 km
- technické ošetření (TO):
- TO č. 1: po 500 až 600 km
- TO č. 2: po 1000 až 1200 km
- střední oprava: po 3000 km
- generální oprava: po 6000 km

Doba výměny hlavních skupin:
- motor: 39,3 h
- převodovka: 22,8 h
- hlavní spojka: 21,6 h
- směrová spojka: 23,6 h
- kolejový pás: 2,6 h
- pojezdné kolo: 2,5 h
- vahadlo předního pojezd. kola: 4,4 h
- vahadlo 2. až 5. pojezd. kola: 3,2 h
- hnací kolo: 3,3 h
- napínací kolo: 3,7 h
- výstředník s napínacím zařízením: 4,8 h
- kanón: 9,8 h
- věž: 5,9 h
Zdroje:
Sources:
Hlavní takticko-technická data tankové a automobiní techniky ČSLA, Naše vojsko 1976
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#2847Version : 0
MOD
Friends,


I attach what I think is an interesting photograph of the T-34. Unfortunately I don't know anything more about it. Does anyone know anything more about it? Confused:
Thank you


Fridrich
SOV - T-34/85 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#2892Version : 0

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ešte jedna
SOV - T-34/85 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#14236Version : 0

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Rozdielnosť jednotlivých typov veží T34/85.Podľa dátumu výroby a továrne,v ktorej sa vyrábali T34.
č.závodu 183-Nižnyj Tagil,112-Krasnoje Sormovo,174-Omsk. SU-summer(leto),SP-spring(jar) PRODUKTION turret-produkčná veža.
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SOV - T-34/85 - Model 1943 s kanónom D5T.

Model 1943 s kanónom D5T.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#32070Version : 0
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#32072Version : 0
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#32074Version : 0
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...
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#32076Version : 0
MOD

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Jinak pro ty, co se zajimaji (jako ja) o ruzne verze a modifikace tanku, popr. uziti v armadach protivniku, mam pro vas stranku o ruskych T-34/85 se "schurzeny" - bohuzel pouze v rustine.


http://smallafv.nn.ru/gallery/Warlock_t34.html


Jsou tam dobre foto pro jistotu uvedu nektere z nich, co kdyby ta stranka zmizela Smile
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#88166Version : 0
And some more Smile
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#88167Version : 0
Some new and additional information about the armour on T-34-85.
In 1944, 5% of hits by "Faust" and "Ofendorf" projectiles were recorded. Therefore, in frontline conditions, according to the relevant regulations, especially before fighting in towns and settlements, tanks were improvised with protection against "Panzerfausts", these "protections" were fixed at a distance of 250 to 600 mm from the actual armour of the hull and turret. All these modifications were carried out by the units' own forces, or even by the crews, from loot and material that was available. [They consisted, that is, almost exclusively, of materials from local sources, that is, almost anything: "shützens" of various types, "wire" dismantled from destroyed German equipment, "wire" from beds, fence posts, sand sieves - "katras", various metal sheets, door and gate leaves (wooden and metal), planks, logs, and sandbags and sandboxes, furniture, empty jerry cans and barrels, as well as loot, armament and equipment of individual crews, all fastened with wires, ropes, or welded in field workshops.]
Although statistics speak of a negligible percentage of casualties caused by cumulative shells, as well as their ineffectiveness at distances greater than 100 m, All tank veterans who have been through the fighting in Europe will confirm to you that a "reasonable fear" of "panzerfaustnik" hidden on rooftops and in the upper floors of houses will justify this action before the expected fighting in cities.
In addition to these improvised protections, there were much more elaborate variants originating in the battalions of repair equipment or units, courtesy of the ROTE, and their creations are documented by photographs from Berlin, in this case the famous T-34-85s fitted with net and wire falseborts, as at least three stand at the Brandenburg Gate. In many publications they are passed off as self-modifications, or even loot, but the new photographs show a certain unification (which, incidentally, has confused many researchers and modellers), ensuring first and foremost the protection of the crew, stored ammunition and tanks.
Another photo is from Louny and shows a bent plate around the turret and brackets welded to the hull, which may have been used to attach the side plates.
It is possible to trace yet another method of protection, using standard "shürtzen", both solid and "Thoma", from PzKpfw IV or PzKpfw V and their derivatives, to protect the T-34-85, using both hinges and elements, of this protection.
However, the introduced armour on the T-34-85 tanks did not become more widespread during the war.
But !!!
T-34-85, was able to penetrate the armor of not only Panther and Tiger tanks. That's why "it was respected - but it couldn't take a precision shot." Like its older brother, the T-34(-76). There was a tradition among German tank crews: "When the T-34 hits the Tiger, it takes off its hat" - meaning the turret of both the T-34(-76) and the T-34-85, which usually flew several meters into the air or flew away after an accurate hit.
For example: on Monday it came out of the factory, on Tuesday it was at the front and on Sunday, at best, it passed through the hands of members of the repair battalion and at worst it was just a pile of scrap.
The average lifespan of a T-34-85 tank was only 7 days!


A little technological note is in order here. From the spring of 1945, Soviet rolling mills began to produce higher quality armour plates, mainly due to the importation of "special components" for rolling armour steel from the United States. These "components" were supplied under loan and lease in late 1943, early 1944. Their influence was seen in the improved armor protection of the T-34-85, T-44, IS-2, IS-3, and other tanks in 1945. This made it unnecessary to increase the thickness of the hull armour, especially the front. (On these "components" and rolling only so much: Therefore, since the T-34-85, vz.44/45, even the bows are welded butt plate to plate, without cast moldings, and in the IS-2, vz.44/45 even "pressed" bows cooked "on a fish.")


The last information about the T-34 tank screening, comes from the final months of the war. In this case, however, it is a forced procedure, as German troops began to make extensive use of the "Faustpatron", "Panzershrek" and "Ofenrohr" anti-tank small arms, which pierced the armour of all RA tanks. This demanded an immediate response.
The Nizhny Novgorod Regional Archive holds rare photographs of Plant N°112 projects, T-34-85 tanks fitted with screens.
In the first variant, it is a factory "side shield" of a half-cylindrical shape, covering the ammunition stored in the turret and the engine and transmission compartments.
The second variant assumes full shielding of the hull sides and turret of the tank. Similar to the T-34 tank, with a 76 mm calibre gun. In order to ensure the view from the turret, downwards and from the visors in the turret sides, windows covered with steel mesh were created in the screens. As an alternative, another variant was presented, in this case the protection of the turret consisted of frames, identical in shape to the screens in the previous project, but covered with steel mesh and supplemented by a DT machine gun, in a hatch located in the rear of the turret, following the model of the heavy tanks of the KV and IS series. A ZIP box could be installed above this hatch, also serving as additional protection.
Another possibility of protection of the rear of the turret was the new placement of additional spare belt links, proposed by plant N° 112 as standard. As this location made it difficult to use the infantry handrail in its original function, this proposal was not officially adopted, but was very often used by the troops. The track links were tucked directly behind the handrail, but with a gap, as most of the time the handrail only allowed the use of two toothed links.
Some of these modifications were later actually used. The ZIP box at the rear of the turret is often found on the T-34 tanks used by the Volksarmee NDR. On the T-34-100 tanks, an entire piece of belt was fixed in these places. However, the archives have not yet released documents on the production or testing of prototypes of such modified tanks, so we do not know if they existed at all. Similar variants were being developed at plant N° 183, but in this case they did not cross the designers' planks.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#138508Version : 0
I add one interesting picture of T -34/85 and Soviet Sherman.
Austrian Alps in the background. The picture was probably taken just after the war.
(I admit I "borrowed" it from www.ww2incolor.com)
SOV - T-34/85 - Russian tank division; Sherman tank is visable, an example of Lend and Lease program

Russian tank division; Sherman tank is visable, an example of "Lend and Lease" program
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#170144Version : 0
The T-34/85 inFridrich's photo is from the 25th Tank Corps of the 13th Army of the 1st Ukrainian Front. The advance of the corps on the Czech territory was through Žatec, Beroun to Lnari. Here they "took care" of the remnants of the Vlasovites, whom part of the corps cut off at Nepomuk to retreat and capture General Vlasov. Probably this tank is depicted in the drawing on the cover of HPM No.4 (1998) and in the drawing here www.hetzerdog.com .


The heart with a diamond is the symbol of the brigade
the two horizontal lines are the emblem of the 25th TS


zdroje:
www.arcig.cz
article T-34 in Prague operation (Tomas Jakl) in HPM No.4-5. (1998/year VIII)
ISSN: 1210-1427
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#177937Version : 0
MOD
Interesting T34/85, the turret is factory 183 Nizhny Tagil and the hull is factory 112 Gorky. This is a common phenomenon with machines from post-war repairs in the Czech Republic.
SOV - T-34/85 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#178228Version : 0
Rare T34/85 from Dukla.
1 - The first three pictures (from bottom) show T34/85 zavod 112 Krasnoye Sormovo with composite turret with separate ventilation mushrooms on the turret ceiling. It is (according to consultations with experts - P.Stepanek) still a war production (4/1945). I haven't seen combat WWII photos of such a modification (separate ventilators), but supposedly they exist. The turret is a very rough casting with up to 1,5cm deep irregularities! The wheels are ribbed, of later design. there are several thick welds on the side of the hull (after repairs?). the tank has MDS smoke gun mounts on the rear armour (in good condition compared to the Death Valley machines Crying or Very sad ) and a towing eye/hitch on the rear armour. It has thicker hinges on the rear sloping armour covering the gearbox and interestingly modified (post-war???) exhausts, unlike the Czechoslovakian post-war production. The turret has a slightly higher slope of the side armour at the rear than the "classic" turrets. It is reported that the method of manufacture made it roomier and larger. In my opinion, it is the only Czech-Slovak (in terms of occurrence) rarity.
2 - The machine assembled from the hull of plant 112 (the same as the previous tank) with the turret of Zavod No.183 Nizhny Tagil so called "flattened". The tank stands on the edge of the forest by the road
3 - Machine Machine assembled from the hull of plant 112 (the same as the previous tanks) with a turret of post-war Czechoslovak production!! The turret is smooth with rounded corners. The tank is standing in Nizna Pisana together with the machine with composite turret. The exhausts are modified in the same way as the "composite" tank! (Top two pictures)
Dolin
SOV - T-34/85 - Kompozitní věž

Kompozitní věž
SOV - T-34/85 - Detail rohu na spodní části věže

Detail rohu na spodní části věže
SOV - T-34/85 - Zadní část stroje s kompozitní věží

Zadní část stroje s kompozitní věží
SOV - T-34/85 - Korba 112 věž 183

Korba 112 věž 183
SOV - T-34/85 - Korba 112 a ČS věž

Korba 112 a ČS věž
SOV - T-34/85 - Korba 112 a ČS věž - zadní pohled

Korba 112 a ČS věž - zadní pohled
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#181217Version : 0
A little about the T-34/85 "603" tank of the 3rd Tank Battalion of the 1st Czechoslovak Independent Tank Brigade


The machine is assigned as part of the 3rd reinforced platoon of the 6th company of the 3rd battalion.
Crew:


Rtn. Karel Šerák
des. Michal Korkobec
svob. Jozef Ivanko
voj. Jozef Súlova
voj. Antonín Žid


Kamo
White 603 is bordered with a thin black line. It was hit several times in the fighting on 25.3.1945. The company commander died in the damaged tank, Lt. Andrej Romani. In the battles from the Ostrava operation to the Albertovec farm, the crew of platoons Palicek, Porazik and Corporal Zamecnik scored eight victories!



To the turret and tank
This is the machine of the 112 Krasnoye Sormovo plant in Gorky. The turret is NOT!!! flattened as may be evident from the poor quality reproductions of the photos. It is a so called composite or sometimes the turret is referred to as "alternative version" The fact that it looks "flattened" on the side is caused by a kind of shadow or dark camouflage paint. It is also possible to have a very rough technological surface treatment. According to the Polish T-34 Mythical Weapon Vol. 2 (which I believe is the T-34 (two-book) cookbook numero uno!!!), the turret was produced from summer to autumn 1944. Probably not in many pieces! The fact that it is a tank from "112" is evidenced by the number of screws on the rear armour, two large hinges (not three smaller ones as in the flattened tanks from the 183 Nizhny Tagil plant). Further evidence is the hinge between the tow hooks on the lower sloping armour at the rear!!! Tanks from "112" have large, or compared to tanks from "183" larger armoured gear covers at the rear of the drive wheels!!! In addition, the "112" are all round, not "square" like the "183". So many differences!!!!


Dolin
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SOV - T-34/85 - Rozdíly obou druhů věží. 112 v pravo a 183 v levo

Rozdíly obou druhů věží. "112" v pravo a "183" v levo
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#184174Version : 0
Very rare T-34/85 on the monument in Tiraspol, Transnistria. The turret is probably damaged (?), there is no visor on the turret above the pistol port. The armoured fan shrouds are also missing.
The use of running gear is quite untypical for T-34/85. Two types of all-steel running wheels with internal suspension - older and newer versions (you can tell by the trim of the wheel relief holes) .



Photo : Ivan Janko (SK)
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#211864Version : 0

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Jeden z tankov T-34/85 z múzea SNP v Banskej Bystrici (máj 2007)
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#225629Version : 0

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Druhý z tankov T-34/85 z múzea SNP v Banskej Bystrici (máj 2007)
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#225630Version : 0

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Několk tanků T-34/85 jsem odfotil nedávno v Rokycanech


1 - vrak korby T-34/85 vedle brány kousek na cestě
2 - pojízdná "85" s věží závodu č.112
3 - nepojízdný kus a motorem na statické ukázce
4 - vrak T-34/85 u zadní brány
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#280201Version : 0

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Pútač pri ceste niekde pri izraelskom motoreste.
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#294757Version : 0
MOD

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Tak taky přidám něaké to foto, je to z Polska, z přímořského města Kolobreg
SOV - T-34/85 - Motor

Motor
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#295773Version : 0

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Fotka z bývalé Jugoslávie, můj archiv.
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#305101Version : 0
MOD

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Při studiu stovek archivních foto z dubna a května 1945 (s tankem T-34/85) se mě povedlo na jedné fotografii identifikovat T-34/85 závodu č.112 s oddělenými větráky! Tímto tedy potvrzuji na 100% účast T-34/85 "modelové řady 1945" v květnu 1945 v tehdejším ČSR.


Jedná se o tento typ věže (viz foto)
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#310396Version : 0

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T-34 z Dargovskeho priesmyku.
vlastné foto
SOV - T-34/85 - Dargovský priesmyk 23.4.2010

Dargovský priesmyk 23.4.2010
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#356351Version : 0

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T-34/85 ve zbarvení stroje velitele 1. československé tankové brigády v SSSR ("bílá 040", výrobní číslo 4120718) v podobě k 17. květnu 1945, kdy se tank zúčastnil slavnostní přehlídky Prahou; kasárna Přáslavice září 2010.
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#371534Version : 0
T-34/85 model 1944.
SOV - T-34/85 - zdroj:vlastní

zdroj:vlastní
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#450362Version : 0
T-34/85 participating in the Berlin operation, May 1945. Noteworthy are the makeshift "Schürzen" on the sides of the vehicle and turret, which were a defensive response by the Soviets to the mass use of Panzerfausts. The purpose of this protection was to bring the Panzerfaust's cumulative warhead to detonate before contact with the armour, thus weakening the impact of the cumulative beam on the vehicle's armour.


Source: www.bundesarchiv.de
SOV - T-34/85 -


SOV - T-34/85 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#535350Version : 0
MOD
Koristné T-34/85 in German service.

source: histomil.com.
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SOV - T-34/85 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#536295Version : 0
MOD
Most probably one of the first produced "thirty-four" from plant 183 Nizhny Tagil.
It differs from the serial T-34-85s by its carefully cast turret, which at first glance appears very smooth and is free of all later mouldings, irregularities and similar technological concessions. Even the edge of the rear armour of the tub is beveled.
The exhibit standing in front of the Central Museum of the Armed Forces in Moscow.
SOV - T-34/85 - Celkový pohled na pravou stranu

Celkový pohled na pravou stranu
SOV - T-34/85 - Pravá strana věže

Pravá strana věže
SOV - T-34/85 - Zadní strana

Zadní strana
SOV - T-34/85 - Detail hrany pancíře

Detail hrany pancíře
SOV - T-34/85 - Celkový pohled

Celkový pohled
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#539028Version : 0
Machine details
SOV - T-34/85 - Čelní strana věže.

Čelní strana věže.
SOV - T-34/85 - Detail povrchu pancíře

Detail povrchu pancíře
SOV - T-34/85 - Čelní pancíř

Čelní pancíř
SOV - T-34/85 - Blatník

Blatník
SOV - T-34/85 - Kola s šesti celými a šesti malými žebry.

Kola s šesti celými a šesti malými žebry.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#539030Version : 0
Detaily
SOV - T-34/85 - Levá strana věže

Levá strana věže
SOV - T-34/85 - Detail věže

Detail věže
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#539031Version : 0
Zaujímavý námet on diorámu. The Sovietsky T-34/85 with a huge vencom from bojovníkov Red army vezený on the Russian military ' boneyard in Port Arthur. On transparente under the vencom is the inscription ВЕЧНАЯ СЛАВА БОЙЦОМ ПАВШИМ В 1904 ЗА РУССКУЮ КРЕПОСТЬ ПОРТ АРТУР. (Forever glory bojovníkom, ktorí died in 1904 for ruskú pevnosť Port Arthur). The Text under this nápisom, where it is referred to from whom is this veniec, is žiaľ nečitateľný. September 1945, Lü-shun-kchou (Port Arthur), China. Autorom photo is sovietsky vojnový korešpondent denníka True N. Finikov (Н. Фиников).

www.pravmir.ru
.
SOV - T-34/85 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#548192Version : 0
MOD
The T-34/85, the Civil war in Syria. Fotografia he comes from Homs, (Military) Akadémia Bashar al-Assad.
tweet #696687099811069952



Nb.: I don't know or it's a tank pôvodom zo, the USSR, CZECHOSLOVAKIA, or Poľska, preto is here..
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#596263Version : 0
MOD
the Monument and the museum of the Armored corps, Latrun own photo, 2017.
SOV - T-34/85 -


SOV - T-34/85 -


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SOV - T-34/85 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#600858Version : 0
MOD
the Monument and the museum of the Armored corps, Latrun own photo, 2017.
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SOV - T-34/85 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#600863Version : 0
MOD
Somewhat rare T-34-85 10th Guards Tank Corps (10th GTS). Even the photos published some time ago by my colleague Smola Petr are of the machines of the 10th GTS. In this photo (www.valka.cz) the number 225 is clearly visible and one can also make out the "staple" under the white stripe, the emblem of the 10th GTS.


Probably it is a sister tank of the same "company?" as machine 212.
SOV - T-34/85 - Stroj v popředí je zajímavý tím, že pravá strana boku korby je opravovanná (navařena pancéřová deska). Dva proužky na hlavni jsou označením praporu (zde druhého) v jedné z brigád (61 nebo 62) 10. GTS. V pozadí je vidět T-34-85 s falšborty/schurzeny i po boku korby. Stroje v pozadí mají na věžích pp. bojová jména. (foto: vlastní sbírka)

Stroj v popředí je zajímavý tím, že pravá strana boku korby je opravovanná (navařena pancéřová deska). Dva proužky na hlavni jsou označením praporu (zde druhého) v jedné z brigád (61 nebo 62) 10. GTS. V pozadí je vidět T-34-85 s falšborty/schurzeny i po boku korby. Stroje v pozadí mají na věžích pp. bojová jména. (foto: vlastní sbírka)
SOV - T-34/85 - T-34-85 1-23od 63. GTBr z 10. GTS. Jde o jeden ze tří strojů (1-23, 1-24, 1-25), který přijel jako průzkum na Klárov a který se zůčastnil známé přestřelky s Hetzery, při níž padl gardový poručík I.G. Gunčarenko. Tank je zajímavý tím, že jde o stroj složený z korby s oblým čelním trámcem (T-34-76?) a věže T-34-85 (závod 183). (foto: vlastní sbírka)

T-34-85 "1-23"od 63. GTBr z 10. GTS. Jde o jeden ze tří strojů (1-23, 1-24, 1-25), který přijel jako průzkum na Klárov a který se zůčastnil známé přestřelky s Hetzery, při níž padl gardový poručík I.G. Gunčarenko. Tank je zajímavý tím, že jde o stroj složený z korby s oblým čelním trámcem (T-34-76?) a věže T-34-85 (závod 183). (foto: vlastní sbírka)
SOV - T-34/85 - Kvalitnější foto tanku T-34-85 od (63GTBr?) 10.GTS (výše není jednotka určena) s inprovizovanou ochranou věže. Louny, květen 1945 (foto: vlastní sbírka)

Kvalitnější foto tanku T-34-85 od (63GTBr?) 10.GTS (výše není jednotka určena) s inprovizovanou ochranou věže. Louny, květen 1945 (foto: vlastní sbírka)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#643776Version : 0
Diskuse
I'm looking for an expert on the T-34. I need to find out numbers and exact names of T-34 tank factories. I have learned very different names and sometimes numbering from different publications.
I had assumed that there were these factories :
N.183 (Kharkov)
N.183 (Nizhny Tagil)
No.112 (Gorky)
No.174 (Omsk)
STZ (Stalingrad)
CKZ (Chelyabinsk)
UZTM (Sverdlovsk)


But in the latest Militarii about T-34/76 there is a caption to the photo as follows :
Manufactured T-34 tanks on railway wagons ready for dispatch to the front at Factory 119 (Ural Wagon Factory) in Nizhny Tagil


Query:
In Nizhny Tagil no/was? Plant 119. If in the description the author was wrong about the 112, it is again in Gorky,....I know only the UZTM which stands for Uralsky Zavod Traktorovych Mashin,....Nizhny Tagil had the number 183 (one of the branches of the factory)
So WHERE WERE THE FACTORIES LOCATED AND WHAT WERE THE EXACT NAMES


- ----------


Production factories listed ......with the caveat that guns, screens, motors, etc. were supplied by other factories (e.g. screens by Leningradsky Zavod 28), etc.
E.g:
Plants for the production of engines
No.76
CKZ (Chelyabinsk)
STZ (Stalingrad)
No.76
No.77



Dolin
Zdoroj : Untrustworthy T-34, Bronze Collection
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#191814Version : 0
I don't know if I can call myself an expert, so I'm only giving credit for what I've found so far:


The T-34 vz.41 to vz.44 (76mm)


Stalingradskyj Traktornyj Zavod "imeni F.F. Dzerzhinskovo" N°5 STZ N°5
later known as "Tractor Machine" or Stalingradskyj Tankovyj Zavod "Tankostroj"
development : "Krasnoy (Red) Putilovets" > "Kirovskyj zavod" N°5 > STZ N°5


[before T-34: design & production of T-28, IT-28, T-29 & T-60]


produced: the entire T-34 tank


Mariupolskyj metarulgicheskeskzj zavod " imeni Ilyich" MMZ
Mariupol metallurgical plant named after "Ilyich," (V.I.Lenin)
formerly known as the Southern Armour Plant


[before T-34: busy "ship program"]


manufactured: bent elements of the crest and turrets


Uralskiy Zavod Tyazholovo Machinostoeniya " imeni Ordzhonikidze" N°9 UZTM N°9
Ural heavy engineering plant of the name "Ordzhonikidze" Sverdlovsk
development : merged evacuated plants N°9 + N°50, as a replacement for STZ N°5, later,
after the separation of the gun guilds, as a separate armament plant, with the original designation N°9,
known as "Uralmash"


[before T-34: manufactured turbines for hydroelectric power plants and rolling mills.]


produced: the entire T-34 tank - later SAU [SU-122, SU-85, SU-85M, SU-100 + prototypes + (SU-122P, SU-101 and SU-102)]


Zavod opitnogo machinostrojenija " imeni S.M.Kirov " N°27 Leningrad
Test Engineering Plant named "S.M.Kirov"
development : Zavod opitnogo mašinostrojenija imeni S.M.Kirov N°185 > N°27
evacuated to Omsk



production of special bodies and versions [MT-34, MTU-34]


Chelyabinsky "Kirovsky" Zavod ČKZ N°75
known as "Tankograd"
development : Chelyabinskij Traktornyj Zavod CTZ


[before T-34: V-2 engines and KV tanks]


produced: the V-2-34 engine, later as a replacement for the STZ N°5, the entire T-34 tank


Leningradskyj Kirovskyj Zavod N°92


produced: cannons L-11, F-34 and others.


Zavod "Barrikady" Stalingrad


produced: F-34 guns


Zavod Narkomsudproma "Krasnoye Sormovo" N°112Gorky
Plant of the National Commissariat of Shipbuilding "Red Sormovo" N°112
development : N°95 > N°112


[before T-34: busy with "ship program"]


produced: the entire T-34 tank and prototypes (SG-34)


Závod N°95 Gorkij


produced: engine V-2


Zavod " imeni K.E.Voroshilova" N°174 Leningrad
development : "Obukhovsky Zavod" > Mashinostrojitělnyj zavod "Bolshevik" > Samostrojitělnyj zavod N°174 imeni K.E.Voroshilov evacuated to Omsk, part also to Nizhny Tagil


[before T-34: production of T-26]


produced: the entire T-34 tank


Zavod " imeni K.E.Voroshilova" N°174 Omsk
development : N°174 + N°27 from Leningrad


produced: the whole T-34 tank


Kharkovskyj Parovozostrojitělnij Zavod " imeni Kominterna " ChPZ/ChTZ N° 183
Kharkov locomotive/tractor plant, names of "Kominten" N° 183
development : ChPZ > Kharkovskyj Parovozostrojitělnij Zavod, > ChTZ > Kharkovskyj Traktornyj / Tankovyj Zavod

[before T-34: production of T- 35]


produced: the entire T-34 tank


evacuated to Nizhny Tagil


Uralskyj Traktornyj Zavod " imeni Stalin" UTZ N° 183Nizhny Tagil
development : Uralskiy Vagonostrojitělnij Zavod + evacuated : Kharkiv ChTZ + Moskovskiy Stankostrojitělnij Zavod "imeni S. Ordzhonikidze" + part of "Stankolit "+ "Krasnyj Proletarij" plants from Moscow + N°174 from Leningrad


produced: the whole T-34 tank


Stalingradskaya Volzhskaya Sudoverfa N° 264
Stalingrad Volga Shipyard


produced: hulls, turrets and armour elements for STZ N°5



And this for T-34-85vz.43 to vz.58


Zavod opitnogo machinostrojenija " imeni S.M.Kirov" N°27 Leningrad
development : Zavod opitnogo machinostrojenija imeni S.M.Kirov N°185 > N°27


production: special bodies and versions (MTU-34vz.44/45)


Kharkovskyj Traktornyj Zavod ChTZ N°75
development : former plant N°183, after liberation, in August 1943, received N°75


repaired tanks and produced AT-45 + T-44


Narkomsudproma " Krasnoye Sormovo " plant N°112 Gorky
Plant N°112 of the National Commissariat of Shipbuilding "Red Sormovo"
development : N°95 > N°112


produced : the whole T-34 tank


Plant " imeni K.E.Voroshilova " N°174 Omsk
development : institute N°174 Lenigrad > institute N°174 Omsk


produced: the whole tank T-34 + T-44


Uralskyj Traktornyj Zavod " imeni Kominterna" UTZ N° 183 Nizhny Tagil
development : Uralskiy Vagonostrojitělnij Zavod + evacuated : KhPZ from Kharkiv +Moskovskiy Stankostrojitělnij Zavod imeni S. Ordzhonikidze + part of plants "Stankolit "+"Krasnyj Proletarij" from Moscow + N°174 from Leningrad


produced: the whole T-34 tank


"ČKD Praha Sokolovo" (according to N°183)


manufactured: the whole T-34 tank


" Stalin's Plant " Red Martin (according to N°183)


manufactured: the entire T-34 tank


plant " Bumar " Lebedy (according to N°112)


manufactured: the whole T-34 tank
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#191879Version : 0
Thank you for the info. From this I conclude that the description in Militaria is completely wrong!!
Dolin
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#191883Version : 0
I would ask, and I think it's not just me, to show you that rare photo.
Only Krasnoye Sormovo, i.e. plant N°112, claims that they started making this variant after the end of the war in Europe.
They even sometimes mark it as vz.46 and vz.45 is referred to as T-34-85 with one-piece commander's hatch. ?!??Shocked


Added 3.7.09
So I was wondering if he on that rare photo is not T-34-85 vz.43, i.e. with D5T gun from the same manufacturer (Krasnoye Sormovo N°112). The first series had only one fan (the oldest one just behind the forward hatches, the others - sometimes marked as 2nd series, back in the middle, the others already had two). These tanks not infrequently lived to the end of the war, they were even in the condition of our tankers.
What is rather interesting about your photo is that it is a T-34-85K.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#310443Version : 0

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Ne není. Je to "klasická" 85tka,..zcela nový tank - komplet blatníky, ženijní nářadí, lana, nádrže a dokonce nazadu na věži srolovaná ta plachta.....stojí toho kolona za sebou a jen jeden je tento "hříbkovitý" - označení na věži vešichni stejné a jen rozdílné individuální čísla každé konkrétní mašiny. Kanony nejsou D-5T ale normální S-53.....
Dám sem alespoň výřez,..nebo tak něco,....zkusím dohodnout!
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#322633Version : 0

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Zdravím všechny a popřeji hezkého dne. Chtěl jsem se zeptat, jelikož lepím i modely a T-34 mám opravdu rád, tak bych se zeptal ohledně již zmíněného číslování výrobních závodů. Na obalech těchto modelů jsou uvedeny stroje T34/76 CHTZ 1943 produkce a číslem No 149.
Další stroj mám také T34/76 z roku 1943 ale s železnými koly a závodem No 59.
Nedokázal jsem i tady na diskusích tato výrobní čísla závodů najít. Existují vůbec ?
Může mi prosím někdo něco o tom říci ?


Děkuji všem.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#367532Version : 0

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CHTZ je skratka Charkovský traktorový závod. Ale ten ukončil výrobu tankov v roku 1941 a dokumentáciu presunul do Stalingradského traktorového závodu. Sovietska armáda oslobodila Charkov v roku 1943, ale či bola továreň v stave hneď začať výrobu tankov netuším.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#367547Version : 0
MOD

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V Modeláři č.5/2010 je článek o T-34/76 vz.1942/43 a je tam i popsané co se kde vyrábělo.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#367561Version : 0

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Modeláře jsem jako naschvál přestal kupovat a teď je tam o T-34, no, dobrý, pokusím se to sehnat.
Právě hledám tyto informace, abych daný model nějak mohl ve vitrýně identifikovat, ale na krabicích je psaný závod 59, 149 a to právě ani v článcích nikde není. Název CHTZ je jasný, ale číslo No 159 tedy na krabici asi nesedí.
Jinak děkuji všem za informace. Díky
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#367568Version : 0

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To ChTZ je ve skutečnosti kravina japonských a dalších západních výrobců. Mělo by to být ChKZ (to by ale asiat musel vědět jak se fabrika jmenovala) to Ch je od slova Chelyabinsk, nikoli Charkov. I když v roce 1943 v Charkově produkce běžela, ovšem nikoli pro RA, ale pro SS, tedy pro druhou stranu. V závodě se opravovaly tanky pro SS a to i T-34 (byly nasazeny třeba i u Kurska).
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#367571Version : 0

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Koukal jsem tady i na ty nákresy věží na stánce 1 a ještě tam také pár kousků chybí, na modelech T-34/76 tam mát také nějaké věci, které tady na nákresech nejsou. Bylo toho asi ve výrobě trochu víc.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#367573Version : 0
2 Colombo: I recommend the book T-34/76 by MBI colleagues Stepanek and Kopecky,....for now there is nothing clearer and better!
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Otherwise (if anyone is interested) the T-34/85 with that interesting "schurzen" on the turret with the number "212" from the photo on the first page from Louny 1945 had that plate only on one side!!!


I found another photo of this machine in a set on machines in "insurgent" Prague (about 9th May 1945 or later). The machine was safely identified by my colleague D.Šolc.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#371538Version : 0
In these photos of the T-34-85, I think there are "fakeborts" on the turret on both sides.
SOV - T-34/85 -


SOV - T-34/85 -


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SOV - T-34/85 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#506010Version : 0

Quote - Dolin404 :


To the turret and tank
It is a machine of plant 112 Krasnoye Sormovo in Gorky. The turret is NOT!!! flattened as may be evident from the poor quality reproductions of the photos. It is a so called composite or sometimes the turret is referred to as "alternative version" The fact that it looks "flattened" on the side is caused by a kind of shadow or dark camouflage paint. It is also possible to have a very rough technological surface treatment. According to the Polish T-34 Mythical Weapon Vol. 2 (which I believe is the T-34 (two-book) cookbook numero uno!!!), the turret was produced from summer to autumn 1944. Probably not in many pieces! The number of screws on the rear armour, two large hinges (not three smaller ones as in the flattened tanks from the 183 Nizhny Tagil plant) are evidence that it is a "112" tank. Further evidence is the hinge between the tow hooks on the lower sloping armour at the rear!!! Tanks from "112" have large, or compared to tanks from "183" larger armoured gear covers at the rear of the drive wheels!!! In addition, the "112" are all round, not "square" like the "183". So many differences!!!!

According to surviving plates, two types of these turrets were produced. One flattened with no filler around the pistolport as in tank 603 (no shadow on the photo)similar in shape to the turrets from the 183 plant and the other wide with filler around the pistolport on some tanks, however, these filler were removed(probably by autogen).


My information is taken from www.legion-afv.narod.ru. There are lots of photos of surviving machines nicely arranged in columns by factory. Beautifully photographed details just to look at.



Dear colleague,
I took the liberty of merging the text from two columns into one.


Moderator Jiří Tintěra[/i]
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#527280Version : 0
To "daniel šín" 3 years ago - This is Czechoslovakian production and I probably wouldn't label it as 1944 model. It has a completely new turret of Czechoslovakian design different from the classic wartime T-34 turrets.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/SOV-T-34-85-t473#539027Version : 0