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"Aeronautical archeology" and legislation

In recent years, especially with the easing of social conditions after 1989, more and more amateur enthusiasts are looking for events related to the air war over the Czech lands in 1939 - 1945. They spend a lot of their free time searching for domestic and foreign archives, interviews with witnesses. events, correspondence with similar enthusiasts from abroad or searching for information in various publications and periodicals. Part of the activities of some people interested in this issue is also uncovering and retrieving the wreckage of aircraft from the places of their accidents. However, this activity brings with it many pitfalls in the form of compliance with the laws of the Czech Republic, which violate the activities of private researchers, and the treatment of possible remains of fallen pilots. This article should present a look at this issue from official archeology and the legislation that applies to it.

"Taran" in the Slovak sky

In September 2006, an unintentional " taran " took place at Bratislava - Vajnory Airport, in the article you will find a photo report and a short description of this event, with almost tragic consequences.

6. dobový letecký den - Mladá Boleslav, 16. 6. 2007

Sunday morning, about half past four and gentle digging into the shoulder. "Honey, haven't you fallen asleep? ..." I'm looking, squinting, ... well, yeah, ... "Somewhat, I'd say ..." But well, I'll make it on the train. And who wouldn't fall asleep? I dreamed of flying. Beautiful shaggy clouds, fofrklacek in hand, canvas, tubes, bubbling engine and whistling air around the head. And below me a beautiful colorful Pojizeří, forests, meadows, hills, ... look, ... there's Skoda! And a short distance away, just outside the city, the airport. Well, ... let's go down. With the chimney behind me and the wooded Chlum on my left hand, I land, roll to the hangar, take off my glasses, ... clean my fangs and cheer for the train. Otherwise, my colleague will curse me ...

60th anniversary of the ANTHROPOID group fight

On June 18, 2002, 60 years have passed since the last battle of seven brave Czechoslovak paratroopers, hidden in the crypt of the Orthodox Church of Cyril and Methodius on Resslova Street in Prague against the superiority of the German occupiers: J. Bublík, J. Gabčík, J. Hruby, J. Kubis, A. Opalka, J. Valčík and J. Švarc. They were members of Czechoslovak troops in Great Britain, deployed to the German-occupied territories of Bohemia and Moravia in order to carry out special reconnaissance and diversionary tasks.

A man as a warrior

or about the male psyche, archetypes, and Sigismund.
I'm not sure about that, but I guess I haven't written about the male psyche yet on www.valka.cz (apart from my articles about Sigismund - although paradoxically this one will also be about Sigismund - where something like this was mentioned only marginally), in in any case, I don't think this topic has been discussed here yet.

A man as a warrior

3. Archetypes of the Warrior and the King and an attempt at a profile of Sigismund of Luxembourg

A weapon for every family

If gun ownership is criminalized, only criminals have guns . "This claim by pro-gun activists is difficult to argue with. Owning a weapon also relativizes the physical strength of the attacker and the victim. An year ago, an interesting incident took place in an Israeli school. A quick-thinking teacher used his gun to shoot the attackers. A gun in good hands can therefore effectively prevent school tragedies.

About one pacifistic delusion

The belief that wars are provoked by armourers to sell out warehouses belongs to the credo of every pacifist, and the communists took them into their ideological arsenal as part of the so-called "fight for peace", but with the adjective "imperialist" (armourers). This belief, with the subtext, "what do you want to persuade me to," appears here and there in the comments on my articles, so it is out of the question to see what is true about it.

Activities of the Beskydy Military History Club in 2011 (January-June)

Since its founding, the Beskydy Military History Club has set itself the goal of engaging in research into the military history of northeastern Slovakia and the practical rescue of war cemeteries from the First World War. Beneath these goals lies the pursuit of the widest possible range of activities. Most of the activities of our association are aimed primarily at fulfilling the set goals. In this article, I would like to point out the most important activities and events that we have organized or participated in so far in 2011. Like every interest group, we have set a plan of activities for the calendar year on which the core of our activities is based. Of course, many unplanned activities emerge during the year, which we will then include in our program. The result is a wide range of diverse events and actions.

Air Stars Meeting 2007 , Slaný, 9. 6. 2007

The Air Stars meeting, the meeting of air stars at the airport of the aeroclub in Slaný, was supposed to be the icing on the cake, in the whole week we spent in the company of our war veterans, RAF pilots and soldiers of the Czechoslovak foreign army. Also, the experience from previous years and this year's program promised that the whole event would be really worth it. Honestly, however, and it is not just my opinion, it was a great disappointment for us. Fortunately, all those beautiful moments with our veterans and friends overcame all this ...

Air Stars Meeting in Slaný - June 17, 2005

On March 2, 1945, a major air battle took place in the area around Slaný between the American 398th Bombardment Group and the German JG 300. One of the bombers that never returned to their home base was the flying fortress B-17 G serial number 44-6573. . The crew, which perished in the wreckage of this machine, was commanded by pilot Lt. Col. Donald R. Christensen. In memory of Lt. Col. Christensen, his men, as well as other fallen people, are held annually at the small sports airport of the Slaný aeroclub, a reverential act and a memorial meeting of pilots, veterans and fans of flying ...

Allah's bride

So they are already among us. Czech Muslim women. They began their private struggles to win the hearts and heads of other adepts "surrendering to the will of God." Their internet jihad, an effort to shed light on the true and direct path to Allah, is imbued with enthusiasm and determination to resist adversity.

Anthropogenesis or brief chapters from the history of human development - part 1.

In the last 20 years, significant discoveries have been made in the field of the study of human development, which have significantly changed the view of the whole process of evolution, dating, the issue of all "missing articles" and individual types of hominins. This article will be a small summary of current knowledge about the various important stages in the development of modern people and our predecessors.

Anthropogenesis or brief chapters from the history of human development - part 2.

In the last 20 years, significant discoveries have been made in the field of the study of human development, which have significantly changed the view of the whole process of evolution, dating, the issue of all "missing articles" and individual types of hominins. This article will be a small summary of current knowledge about the various important stages in the development of modern people and our predecessors.

Anthropogenesis or brief chapters from the history of human development - part 3.

In the last 20 years, significant discoveries have been made in the field of the study of human development, which have significantly changed the view of the whole process of evolution, dating, the issue of all "missing articles" and individual types of hominins. This article will be a small summary of current knowledge about the various important stages in the development of modern people and our predecessors.

Anti-State Center or Process with Slánský 2.0

Each of us sometimes has a feeling of déjà vu, that is, seen before. It occurred to me at the moment when I read in the news that the anti-mafia unit of the police had been secretly investigating the case of Jana Nagyová for a year as a " suspicion of sabotage ". According to them, an unnamed " organized group " of persons " intentionally damaged the constitutional establishment or the defense of the republic ."
Rostislav Bajgar prosecutor said on May 19, 2012, that on 20 March 2012 (ie two years ago! Sic!) police started "steps to verify the fact the offense of sabotage in the case now known as 'Nagyová and co.'"

Arctic Conflict Potential: Canada's Position and Interests

The work "Arctic Conflict Potential: The Position and Interests of Canada" deals with the current development of the situation in the Arctic at the level of international relations. The work is a response to ongoing climate change, a melting glacier, the presence of mineral wealth and growing tensions in the region. The aim of the work is to present the Arctic region and the actors involved in it, to evaluate the possibility of an outbreak of armed conflict and to approach the position of Canada in the Arctic. The author performs his analysis on the basis of primary sources and articles in professional periodicals. The work states the existence of conflict between the Arctic states. But he considers the risk of an outbreak of armed conflict to be small as long as the states concerned continue to respect the existing legal framework. The geopolitical importance of the Arctic will grow in the future.

Are you bored? Go to SOG Defense training!

Training with SOG Defense was an offer in which innate laziness fought in me with the same innate curiosity. In the end, curiosity prevailed. After all, you don't meet members of the Special Operations Group every day. You can find out how it turned out in the article. Warning: The article uses original shots that are not suitable for children, pregnant women and people with weaker mental resilience.

Area 51

As then, there are legends today. Writing about them is not easy, because often there is only a thin line between what is true of them and what are just ideas. In ancient times, these myths and legends were about gods and heroes who spread the glory of their nations around the world. Today, these heroes have almost disappeared and been replaced by other mythological characters. And not just you. Today, a number of places and areas of the planet, which man has embellished or made more mysterious than anything else in the world, have developed into the imaginary pedestal of mythology.

Asymmetric threats

The term asymmetric warfare was first used in 1997 in the 1997 Quadrennial Defense Review, one of the basic documents dealing with US defense policy. It is prepared every four years by the Institute of National Strategic Studies at the American National University of Defense. The U.S. Basic Security Document "National Security Strategy for the Next Century" defines asymmetric warfare as: "Unconventional approaches that circumvent or disrupt our power by exploiting our vulnerabilities."

Auxiliary historical sciences I. - Heraldry

In examining historical processes, the historian encounters a fundamental problem. The subject of his research cannot be explored directly, but only by a wide range of historical sources. The Auxiliary Historical Sciences (AHS) assist the historian in such research. In a series of articles, I would try to briefly outline the subject of research of individual AHSs and the basic concepts associated with them.

Auxiliary historical sciences II. - Sphragistics

In today's society, we can no longer even imagine any legally relevant document without being confirmed by the appropriate stamp. The forerunners of modern stamps that confirm the authenticity of the document were seals of various kinds. They have been used in society since ancient times. Their significance for the knowledge of the history of society is dealt with in another auxiliary historical science - sfragistics.

Camp Lejeune - a bit different camp

Military bases are no longer just barracks and training grounds. U.S. Marines in North Carolina could talk for hours. You can be born here, live here, go to Iraq, then return and then die here.

Care under fire

If a unit comes under fire, it usually has wounded, often severely wounded. The first seconds are crucial for saving lives. But the unit must immediately solve another task - to repel the attack. So who will help the wounded? Mostly nobody at first. He has to help himself. Warning: The article uses original shots that are not suitable for children, pregnant women and people with weaker mental resilience.

Central Eastern Europe

Central and Eastern Europe, that is what I would call the part of Europe where in the years 1852-1918 the legal, monetary, economic and customs union of two states, namely the Principality of Liechtenstein and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was located. This union ended with the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the end of 1918 after the First World War, although this union lasted legally until 1919, so we can consider its real demise in 1918.

Certainties and uncertainties of Islamic justice

The slogans of political Islam are not losing popularity among Muslims, on the contrary. They are becoming more and more popular. It does not matter whether political Islam calls for peaceful rule or incites hatred. In other words, the public in Muslim countries favors Islamic types of government and earthly administration over secular, secular regimes, including civic democracy practiced in countries where the state and religion have separated. How to react to it?

Communists' dissatisfaction with military courts after "Victorious February"

"The Senate of the High Military Court, as composed of the trial of General Karel Janoušek and others, and perhaps the High Military Court in Prague, is simply not enough at all for trials of such importance. It must be stated that the conduct of a process of this kind and significance at the regional court in Pankrác after the February events is completely differently prepared, completely differently managed and conducted in a completely different spirit, corresponding to today and the interest of the state. […] This fact was noticed immediately at the beginning of the main hearing by the lawyer of Lt. Col. Hanuš, who declared that the military penitentiary and the High Military Court in Prague are a "sanatorium" comparing to Pankrác prison. " From the report of Col. gšt. Reindl, a member of the 5th Department of the General Staff of the Ministry of Defense, June 17, 1948

Creating rules for drones

Such an invention is known by the English word DRONE - with other, equally legitimate meanings: a trumpet, a male bee, a honey-free parasite that lives off the work of others, it is also an airplane without a pilot, conducted from a great distance by the necessary signals. The idea of fighting as comfortably as possible - far from danger, from bloody turmoil, for example, somewhere on the couch touching the right buttons, does not knock out the smallest of your own little finger, but a thorough trigger in the enemy ranks. Critics warn of the potential for even greater dehumanization, when a fighter, far from the site of the devastation, loses the restraint of participating in such actions.

Crips & Bloods: the African-american gangs in Los Angeles

This work will deal with the phenomenon of street gangs in the USA. Specifically, they will be African-American rival street gangs Crips & Bloods. The beginnings of their operation fall into the period 60.-70. In the years of the 20th century and during their development, these purely street gangs became large groups of street thugs, whose range of criminal activities ranged from street fighting, through the production and trade of narcotics, to targeted and planned murders of enemies. The number of members in these gangs today is in the tens of thousands across the United States. They often control entire neighborhoods, so it's no surprise that many security forces are in search.

Cyber warfare already in the doorway

The more modern we are, the more vulnerable we are. We sewed a good whip on ourselves. Not only a hostile alien power, but also an immature brat in the home environment, motivated, for example, only by adolescent craving for an achievable act of vandalism, can really hit their own state, the nuclear power plant. The result is also something called cybervandalism.

Different art of war

A brief reflection on the definition of different types of warfare. International law with rules, in many ways little actual, tries to be a tool. Distinguishes between civilians and combattants - members of the armed forces, among which a special category consists of non-combattants (doctors, veterinarians, field priests) ...

Discussion with veterans at CTU

It doesn't happen to me often, from minute to minute (in this case it is probably not possible to use even winged from day to day ...) I would completely overturn all my plans. But it's usually worth it, too. The same was true of the visit of a colleague and friend in the arms of John Lehovec. Not only did we manage to create a strong group of passionate aviation enthusiasts and our war veterans that day, but Aunt Eva also came, I also learned about the regular annual event organized at the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of the Czech Technical University in Dejvice - a discussion with our pilots, World War II veterans.

Do people have to fight?

In principle, in addition to religious visions of original sin as the cause of violence, three main groups of theories can be divided, trying to explain the causes of violence between people ...

Dobrošov - Concrete border

So far, so good that we go to some fortress every summer. I say to myself that, despite my relatively young age, it is not Matěj's fault to start slowly initiating into national history. How many times would people much older need it ... There is definitely something to choose from, on the Czech-Polish border (and not only there ...) the whole concrete border grew up before the war. This time we chose the Náchod region and the system of heavy fortifications in Dobrošov ...

Dog a friend or foe

Admirably loyal friends and often comrades-in-arms. I delved into this topic a bit and learned a lot at www.uswardogs.org. Already in the beginning of American history, in the 18th century, during the revolutionary initiatives of pioneers to get rid of the British colonial yoke, they made great use of the assistance of four-legged allies to sniff and successfully bite into unloved redcoats and then in other wars ...

Dutch warning

It seemed that something like this could only come to mind to the author of catastrophic stories. Hand on heart, who would ever think of thinking about the pairing of European secular law with the provisions of the Islamic Sharia Code. But it's clearly talked about it seriously and the world, wonder where? In "good old England", right in its Anglican heart, Canterbury. The Primate of the Anglican Church, Archbishop Rowan Williams, is toying with the prospect of transferring some civil matters of Muslim believers, such as divorce, child custody or inheritance, to courts following the principles of Islamic law.

EU-US security strategies and their updates by the end of 2008

The main goal of this work is the analysis of security strategies of the European Union and the United States of America based on the analysis of relevant documents. The work also focuses on outlining the development of strategies of these two important units until the end of 2008 using updated versions of both documents.

EU-US security strategies and their updates by the end of 2008: I. Characteristics, common elements and fundamental differences

Perceptions of the nature of security risks and a list of individual threats are the main common elements of both strategies. The vast majority of both documents agree in this area. In the case of the ESS, it is only appropriate to draw attention to the slightly growing importance of threats coming from within, ie arising directly on the territory of the EU. This can be documented, for example, in the reference to the cells of terrorist organizations directly on the territory of the EU Member States or in the short section on organized crime, which often has its roots on European soil.

EU-US security strategies and their updates by the end of 2008: II. Implementation of strategic doctrines into EU and US policies

When describing and evaluating the implementation of the ESS, it is necessary to take into account the essential fact that the ESS is a strategic document, not an operational document. From the point of view of European security, it mainly indicates its long-term orientation. It is difficult to expect short-term results in a month's time in putting the strategy into practice.

EU-US security strategies and their updates by the end of 2008: III. Update security strategies

The report on the implementation of the European Security Strategy was adopted in December 2008 and is currently the only document that specifically focuses on assessing the implementation of the ESS in EU policies and revising parts of the original strategy to reflect the current state of the international security environment at the end of 2008. the document itself states that its purpose is not to replace the original 2003 ESS, however the Report comes up with some innovations in some respects, thus de facto changing the current wording of the ESS.

EU-US security strategies and their updates by the end of 2008: Introduction

The main goal of this work is the analysis of security strategies of the European Union and the United States of America based on the analysis of relevant documents. The work also focuses on outlining the development of strategies of these two important units until the end of 2008 using updated versions of both documents. A comparison of the two security strategies is particularly interesting given that the EU and the US are very close allies. Most EU member states are bound to the US by their membership in the North Atlantic Alliance. Nevertheless, the EU and the US are very different entities, which is reflected in some features of their strategies.

Fighter World, RAAF Williamtown

There are a few things that make it good to have some acquaintances somewhere. And this is really true from a global perspective as well. At least this time it paid off more than just for me ...

Fighting in an unusual environment: Fighting in the mountains

Gone are the days when battles took place in the clear terrain of meadows, fields or plains, where the generals had everything nicely in sight. Moreover, we live in a time when the actors of military conflict are no longer just states, but many other actors who can play a very important role in battles or wars. Such conflicts carry the adjective "asymmetric".
This week's theme is a very interesting one: Fighting in an unusual environment. This text is, as the name suggests, focused on fighting in the mountains. Not only will the authors of the text explain to you the specifics of such a struggle, they will also present you with two examples from practice and you can find out why the Soviet Union and subsequently the USA did not have it so easy in the mountains…

Fighting in cities

In addition to cultural, historical or economic importance, urban areas have very often played a decisive role; possibly at least significantly affected; military operations. Fights between Greek city-states, Persian campaigns, the struggle for Rome (Rome itself has become a direct part of 12 military operations during its existence ), or examples from the recent past of Stalingrad, Basra, Beirut, Sarajevo, Grozny, Najaf, Kirkuk suggest that together with the trends outlined above, military conflict in cities will certainly not be avoided in the future. Every US military operation since 1990 to this day has included, to a greater or lesser extent, urban combat.

From nuclear war to the battle of air conditioning: exclusively with pilots of B-52 and B-1B bombers

OSTRAVA / PRAGUE The supersonic bomber B-1B Lancer is presented for the first time this year at NATO Days, the legendary B-52 visited the Czech Republic for the fifth time. The pilots of both aircraft spent an hour on the Lidovky.cz server. They told how the nuclear attack was carried out, what missions today supported, among other things, Czech soldiers and whether it is possible to survive 30 hours locked in an aluminum tube.

Game with a tiger

A year ago, the Army of the Czech Republic began the systematic training of soldiers isolated on enemy territory.

Gendarmerie dog Alto

Service dogs were an important helper of the gendarmerie in the performance of the search service. For this reason, the leader of the service dog and his charge belonged to the systematized state of the gendarmerie search station. The book " Gendarmerie Dog Alto " describes the more than five-year coexistence of gendarme Rudolf Votruba with his own service dog, the German Shepherd " Alto ", the successes and failures of this pair in the fight against law enforcement officers and is the biography of one of the four-legged heroes.

Good hit

A good hit is the name of an exhibition, which you could visit until October 2, 2004 in the Dietrichstein Palace at "Zelňák" in Brno. Unique painted targets, uniforms, trophies and, of course, weapons were exhibited in the individual exhibitions.

Hot summer in Britain

Summer in Britain is really unusually hot this year (2011). Following the wiretapping scandal of the tabloid newspaper media mogul Robert Murdoch, News of the World , which is unparalleled in British history in its scope and depth, comes another shock for British society. The biggest, most destructive and worst riots in decades, which engulfed Britain's most important metropolises for five nights.

How not to consider the past as the past

Europe has a Christian foundation and that is its hope and commitment. During a weekend visit to Paris, Pope Benedict XVI reiterated today's news. But what are those Christian roots of European identity?

How to live in Basra

He was accompanied by this letter-description of how our soldiers live in Basra. Think of it as an overview of the whole situation there for at least a partial understanding of what it looks like there and what is happening there.

Hurricane, typhoon, tornado? (part 1)

No, don't really expect to read about famous planes, this time we will focus on meteorological phenomena that have often affected the lives of thousands of people and in many cases the conduct of war operations.

IDET 2005

or the largest trade fair for defense technologies in Central Europe took place in the BVV complex from 3 to 5 May 2005.

ILA 2004

The International Luft und Raumfahrtausstellung is a trade fair held every two years at Berlin's Shonefeld south airport. More than 1,000 exhibitors from almost 50 countries, including representatives of the Czech Republic, presented themselves on an area of 150,000 m2.

Information or provocation?

Can the media only inform and not provoke or are they allowed to provoke in order to bring the essence of the information closer? A similar question can be asked in the context of two recent cases from France.

International justice

Neutralization techniques and perpetrators of international crimes: the case of the war in the former Yugoslavia Viktor Vodák's article is the first in a series of articles in which we want to approach and describe some phenomena, moments and institutes that can be generally included in public international law. For the most part, the articles concern international criminal law, international tribunals and international justice, but they also interfere with martial and humanitarian law, which can be a very national matter. Thematically, this series will present articles on drones from the perspective of international law, the attitudes of various countries towards the International Criminal Court or a text on rape as a tactic of war. The resulting series is therefore rather interdisciplinary in nature, as it sometimes views the issue through a legal prism, while other times it looks from a criminological, political science or security and strategic studies. The team of authors www.sekuritaci.cz together with the participating students of the Faculty of Law of Masaryk University wish you a pleasant and perhaps instructive reading in the future. IUDEX AEQUITATEM SEMPER SPECTARE DEBET.

International Scientific Conference of the Eastern Carpathians 1944 (Svidník: 5 - 6 October 2009)

Eastern Carpathians 1944, was the name of an international scientific conference which took place on 5-6 October 2009 in the town of Svidník. The conference was organized by the Military Historical Institute in Bratislava, the Slovak National Museum - Museum of Ukrainian Culture, the Section for Military History of the Slovak Historical Society at the Slovak Academy of Sciences and the Beskydy Military History Club. The scientific conference took place in the premises of the Slovak National Museum - Museum of Ukrainian Culture.

Interview with Mark Solonin

Author of renowned books devoted to the initial phase of the Soviet-German war. Representative of the "new wave" of Russian independent military historians, whose professional quality significantly surpasses Viktor Suvorov's journalism and its objectivity significantly surpasses the stereotypes of official Russian historiography.

Iran's naval strategy and armaments

Iran's maritime strategy is an absolutely textbook example of a sea denial strategy. Given Iran's capabilities and resources, it is not only advantageous for it, but practically the only one possible. Although the denial of access strategy is inherently asymmetrical, it makes Iran relatively effective in meeting the main demands of today's navies.

Is the American air power in danger of collapsing?

To the majority of the population in the Czech Republic, when reading this headline, it must come to mind that it is a kind of oxymoron. Over the past two decades, the US Air Force has become a persistent symbol of the world's only superpower. However, this article wants to show the whole thing in a slightly different light. In particular, it is the problems both on the part of the USAF and the growing capabilities of its opponents that may disrupt the overwhelming dominance of American forces in the future.

It will not work without humanity

" Respect for life " as a starting point for Christian dialogue with Islam? One of the contributions in the collection, which is published on the occasion of the sixties of our well-known intellectual personality, suggests something like this. It sounds nice, even though I feel formless caution. But what bothers me the most is that a person has disappeared somewhere. Am I to understand that it would bother in dialogue with Muslims?

Krav Maga Global in the Mýto malting plant

For some time now, I have been going to visit a paintball field set up quite recently in Mýto ( Rokycany district ). Therefore, I was happy to use the invitation on the occasion of the shooting course of trainers of the self-defense and tactical system Krav Maga Global (KMG). On that occasion, I was also lucky enough to ask a few questions to the director of KMG in the Czech Republic, Jakub Otipek.

Lack of water?!

In recent decades, the trend of expanding threats can be clearly seen in security studies. Threats are not only posed by the military forces of foreign states, but also by economic crises, the activities of criminal organizations, ethnic or religious tensions within states and, last but not least, the sensitivity to environmental threats is increasing.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.1

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.10

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.12

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.13

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.15

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.16

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.17

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.18

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.19

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.2

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.20

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.21

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.22

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.23

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.24

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not. In this case, we will make a little exception to the order of the competition entries, because this text relates to the sad days of March 1939, which we are just remembering, and that is why we are including it now.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.25

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. This is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.3

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.4

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.5

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.6

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.7

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.8

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Literární soutěž - příspěvek č.9

As part of our literary competition, we are beginning to publish individual entries in the order in which they arrived at our editorial e-mail. It is fiction, ie not historically accurate works. In the comments below the article, you have the opportunity to leave a message, whether you like the work or not.

Love and tradition

Saudi Arabia's interpretation of Islam, conservative and fundamentalist, may in the future speak quite prominently of the way Muslims will mostly live and practice their faith. The new generation does not rebel against the strict rules of religion at home, and Saudi money opens the door to the world for pious and conservative Islam.

Medallion - Michal Dlouhy

" Policeman " Michal Dlouhy. He is the author of several books dealing with the issue of the First Republic gendarmerie. He collaborates with directors Dušan Klein, Jiří Svoboda, but also with other television directors as a professional advisor in the shooting of detective and criminal films. He is the author of the themes of ten parts from the first series " Cetnické humoresky " and an expert advisor in the preparation and filming of the series.

Mediation as a method of resolving international disputes

Introduction The aim of this work is to summarize the basic theoretical knowledge in the field of mediation as a method of resolving international disputes, especially in peace negotiations and apply it to two case studies ( Camp David and Camp David II ), which will be compared with regard to the application of mediation, negotiations, subjects and their strategies and, last but not least, success.

Mediation as a method of resolving international disputes

1. Mediation The first historically recorded mediation took place four thousand years ago in ancient Mesopotamia, when the Sumerian monarch helped avert war between neighboring groups and tried to persuade them to reach an agreement on the disputed territory. Thus, as the Sumerians have found, the involvement of a neutral third party not directly concerned by the conflict in the role of mediator in its resolution makes it possible to overcome obstacles in relations between the parties to the dispute. hardly possible or even impossible.

Mediation as a method of resolving international disputes

2. Camp David Relations between the United States and Israel play an important role in the Middle East peace processes. Two planes can be observed here. First, the United States is interested in having a strategic ally in the Middle East in the form of a democratic state, which is Israel, with which special relations are being built. This strategy was started by JF Kennedy in the 1960s, when he began supplying weapons to Israel. The second is an effort to force Israel to make concessions and reach a peaceful solution to the conflict with the participation of Arab states, which would mean an increase in American influence in the region, in the form of a network of allied relations with moderate Arab states.

Mediation as a method of resolving international disputes

3. Camp David II The 39th US President George W. Bush was replaced in 1993 by Democrat Bill Clinton. He succeeded in the elections due to his orientation to domestic politics, but he himself did not have much interest or experience (as did Jimmy Carter) in the field of foreign policy. The 1990s were marked by strong optimism. The collapse of the Soviet Union marked the end of the Cold War, from which the United States emerged as the world's only superpower, and the success of Bush's Gulf policy strengthened the United States' position among Arab countries. They began to lean towards the United States to find a new orientation after the disappearance of the Soviet Union.

Mediation as a method of resolving international disputes

4. Comparison of Camp David I and II During the first summit at Camp David in 1978, there was an effective and exemplary application of the one-text method to the Sinai question, in which the interests of Israeli security and Egyptian sovereignty in the territories were pursued from the positions of both sides demanding Sinai, which has been a part of it since the time of the pharaohs. The division of the territory between the two parties was therefore not acceptable to Egypt. In the end, based on interests, they agreed that Sinai would be under Egyptian sovereignty, but much of it would be demilitarized, ensuring Israel's security.

Mediation as a method of resolving international disputes

Conclusion At the Camp David summit in 2000, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and US President Bill Clinton acted as mediators. No agreement was reached this time and the negotiations failed. Both parties agreed that the final agreement must resolve the conflict as a whole, so a partial or transitional solution was out of the question. The Palestinian-Israeli conflict has proved too complicated to be resolved by a hastily convened summit.

Mediation as a method of resolving international disputes

The aim of the thesis is to summarize the basic theoretical knowledge in the field of mediation as a method of resolving international disputes, especially in peace negotiations and apply it to two case studies (Camp David and Camp David II), which will be compared with regard to the application of mediation, negotiations, subjects and their strategies and, last but not least, their success.

Meeting of the Association of Veterans in the Hotel Legie 3.12.2003

Every first Wednesday of the month, an interesting company meets in the building of the Legie Hotel in Prague on IP Pavlova Square. It consists of former Czechoslovak members of the Air Force who fought during World War II on the Western and Eastern Fronts, widows of those who have left us forever, and several officials of the Airmen's Union.

Meeting of the Association of Veterans in the Hotel Legie 3.3.2004

I hold today's issue of Mladá Fronta in my hand and shake my head in disgust. Basically, today's entire meeting in the Legion, apart from the usual matters, funding, list of events and the like, revolved around Col. Jan Horal. At the end of February, he received the Order of the British Empire from Queen Elizabeth.

Meeting of the Association of Veterans in the Hotel Legie 7.1.2004

So I just returned from another meeting of veterans at the Legie Hotel and hurray straight to the computer. I have to say that this time it turned out really well. So if I can afford to say something like that when I've only been there twice. Anyway, it was nice to come among people I already know and with whom I can have a great chat.

Mercenaries, their all kinds of motivation

In English, they are given the infamous designation Mercenaries - creatures that take up arms and go kill for money. However, anyone who finds themselves in a military uniform, whether as a volunteer or not an enthusiastic conscript, receives some money, that salary - that is why such a Czech word. So someone is holding because they want to, because someone has to ...

Mourning torment

For the deceased former Czechoslovak members of RAF Brig. Gen. Elston, Col. MUDr. Macháček and Col. Poláček, Hotel Duo, September 13, 2005.

Noble titles

or How people with blue blood were addressed

Nuclear energy from the point of view of energy security

We date the beginning of the debate on energy security to the period of oil shocks in the 1970s. Since then, the topic of energy security has gradually expanded to include all other energy sources, related infrastructure, decision-making processes and markets. Today, the term is used in many disciplines and its definition is by no means clear.

One of many

Excerpt from the short story Iverson's Pit by Dan Simmons

Operation Restored Freedom: Somalia 1993

As a result of the long-term civil war, The Somali Democratic Republic is fragmented into several so-called republics, Somaliland, Puntland and general-controlled units. The country is headed by an asylum government, which was established in 2004 with the help of the United Nations.

Organized crime

The so-called Organized crime is committed by people, associations, in order to obtain financial income through crime.

Pirates and their less than optimistic prospects

It's not an extinction yet, the pirates are not wading in schooners, where a black banner with a skull and crossbones would flare on the mast. They have been modernized, equipped with automatic weapons, mortars and anti-tank cannons. They often have better radars and more horsepower under deck than their potential pursuers ...

Poppy Day

The symbol of the memorial service, which is called "Poppy Day", is a poppy flower. He reminds us that in times of war only this wild flower prospered in uncultivated fields. The poppy flower is then perhaps not missing in any lapel of the participants…

Postmodern War: Can the conflict in Rwanda be described as a postmodern war?

As the Prussian military theorist Clausewitz said: " Every age should have its own special forms of war ... so everyone should have their own theory of war. Those who want to understand war must have a keen view of its main features ... at that time ”( Clausewitz 1950: 584 ). After the end of the Cold War, a new phenomenon began to appear in the international system - the postmodern war. It should be noted that not all authors dealing with this concept consider the end of the Cold War to be the beginning of postmodern warfare. E.g. Chris Gables Gray talks about the onset of postmodern warfare at the end of World War II. Jiří Šedivý describes the war in the Persian Gulf as the last war that would fall into the modern category.

Punch at dawn

Dear colleagues. Competition for the 70th anniversary of the mobilization of Czechoslovakia. the army was terminated. Due to the fact that only Jiří Fidler applied with his contribution, he won the whole competition. Here is his very interesting and I believe that the discussion-provoking article is also related to the genre of so-called alternative history.

Red Terror

A few sentences about the bloodbath that the Bolsheviks dragged the peoples of the Soviet Union.

Reflections on life and death

This week has been more than full of gloomy news, so let me briefly consider our lives and deaths and the conscience that accompanies us. Please read this text.

Reform of the EU Common Situation Center

The most important EU institution dealing with intelligence, which is closest in its operation to the imaginary EU Intelligence Service, is the Joint Situation Center (SitCen). With the establishment of the European External Action Service (EEAS) on 1 December 2010, there was a relatively fundamental institutional and functional reform of the EU's external action, which also significantly affected SitCen. This work aims to describe and analyze the implications of this reform for SitCen and for intelligence cooperation within the EU as such.

Remembrance event

On Saturday, May 24, 2003, at 9.30, a commemorative event will be held in front of the crypt of the Church of Cyril and Methodius (formerly Karel Boromejský) in honor of the heroes who laid down their lives for our freedom. Paratroopers Josef Gabčík and Jan Kubiš, rtm, died in the crypt. Josef Valcik, npr. Adolf Opálka, Jan Hrubý, Jaroslav Švarc and Josef Bublík.
This act is beyond the scope of ordinary reverential events organized by state institutions. The organizer is the 1st Mechanized Company of Active Reserves of the Czech Army of the Czechoslovak Legions, but the event will also be attended by members of the Club of Military History 5. Special Forces Group (Airborne) Prague and others.

Restrictions on entry into the country as an instrument of militant democracy

Democratic states are not only currently forced to face a number of challenges from their enemies. These enemies are recruited not only by internal actors seeking to disrupt their establishment, but also by nationals of other states. Both groups of these people, who pose a danger to the democratic state and its values, must be defended with effective tools. The aim of this work is to present the tools and possibilities of current democratic states ( in the case of the EU community of democracies ) in protection against the enemies of democracy, who may come to endangered states from the outside.

Security aspects of the "commercial cult" phenomenon with a focus on multi-level marketing

In the following lines, we will focus on security threats arising from the existence of entities belonging to the category of commercial cults, focusing mainly on their form called multi-level marketing. According to Vojtíšek, a pyramid scheme based on specific interpersonal relationships with a commercial background can be included in the so-called groups on the border of religion. Specifically, he sees multi-level marketing as " religious devotion and fanaticism in gaining more followers ."

Selected trends in global security

Introduction The organization of international relations is currently being transformed. After the end of the bipolar world, the United States remained the main pole. The US hegemonic position is now weakening and new regional powers are emerging. The BRIC countries are most often mentioned in this context. So far, thanks to its economic potential, China is gaining ground. Over time, however, the pace of economic and population growth will slow, and India, which has not only economic but also innovation potential, could gradually take over. Russia has to cope with a population decline and domestic political reforms, but its large resource base gives it a chance to become a Eurasian power, and thus a kind of bridge between Europe and Asia.

Selected trends in global security

1. Security and its dimensions Security is one of the most important values of any company. If safety is not ensured, further activities cannot take place. Although we all have roughly the same idea of what the word security means, its content may not always be identical. This difficult concept can be defined from several points of view.

Selected trends in global security

2. Military security From the security strategies of Russia, the USA, the EU and other sources, it is possible to read what is considered a security threat in the future. These are, in particular, terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, environmental degradation, cybercrime and the existence of so-called failed states. All of the above are directly related to the military dimension, except for the degradation of the environment. It is primarily associated with non-military risks.

Selected trends in global security

3. Energy security Energy security is a typical case of an extended security concept. Access to energy has always been a major issue and has been the subject of controversy. However, more emphasis has been placed on energy security since the oil shocks of the 1970s. Oil shocks have shaken international relations. Until now, the position of the state has depended mainly on military factors. In a situation where countries had to deal with a shortage of energy resources, countries such as Saudi Arabia or Kuwait, which were militarily insignificant but had scarce raw materials, gained in importance.

Selected trends in global security

The basic thesis of this work was that the security environment is changing. In addition to the overall development of the international system towards multipolarity, it is also affected by other partial changes. The international system is more complex and no dimension of security can be underestimated. Nor can new actors be underestimated, as they have great potential, both in terms of population, thinking and abilities of actors. The range of threats and their potential carriers is growing and the difference between internal and external security is blurred. In a globalized world, the shape of the security environment will also depend more on economic factors.

Selected trends in global security

The organization of international relations is currently being transformed. After the end of the bipolar world, the United States remained the main pole. The US hegemonic position is now weakening and new regional powers are emerging. The BRIC countries are most often mentioned in this context. So far, thanks to its economic potential, China is gaining ground. Over time, however, the pace of economic and population growth will slow, and India, which has not only economic but also innovation potential, could gradually take over. Russia has to cope with a population decline and domestic political reforms, but its large resource base gives it a chance to become a Eurasian power, and thus a kind of bridge between Europe and Asia.

Seven days Part 2

The first three aircraft get over Munich and register only two enemy air defense radars, which immediately destroy. Because only the anti-aircraft artillery tracks are flying to meet them, they drop their bombs and immediately turn to return, while the remaining Ch-58 fires at radars, which they aim along the way.

Seven days Part 3

November 17, 1989, we perceive primarily as the so-called Velvet Revolution. But how could events unfold if history went a little differently? This article is not a picture of real events, but a mere fiction, based on the facts of the time and a prediction of the development of equipment and the deployment of our army. The text deals with events mainly from the perspective of the Czechoslovak Air Force.

Sheet metal cavalry

The roar of powerful engines, the squeak of belts, artillery, fire and smoke, all of this was on display on Saturday, June 26, 2004, at the former Boží Dar military airport in Milovice. Under the auspices of the Army of the Czech Republic and with the help of a number of sponsors, a ceremonial event took place here on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the VVP Milovice-Mladá. And we couldn't miss it…

Small battles with the interrogator

Czech soldiers leaving for foreign missions are being prepared for the eventuality that they may be captured. In addition to the theoretical part, which contains a lot of important information, they have the opportunity to try such a situation on their own skin during practical training. Nevertheless, it is true that only reality will show to what extent they are able to handle such borderline situations.

Socially excluded areas in terms of threats and risks in political discourse

The text dealt with socially excluded localities inhabited by citizens of the Czech Republic who consider themselves Roma or are considered to be Roma by a significant part of their surroundings, in terms of threats and risks arising from them. Given the scope of this work, the author chose an approach based on defining and examining the safety of the Copenhagen School. To identify potential threats and risks, the author analyzed the political discourse and differentiated the result into three name categories: Crime, Abuse of social benefits and Positive discrimination.

Soviet illegals against America

The arrest of dozens of Russian illegals, deeply conspired spies, by FBI counterintelligence three weeks ago shows that Moscow's covert operations against the United States, which began eighty years ago, continue.
When the Bolsheviks seized power in Russia at the end of 1917, they believed that this was the beginning of the world revolution of the proletariat. Therefore, they sent spies around the world to establish communist parties as a mushroom for future governments and at the same time obtain secret information that could help them in this effort.

State poverty and the civil war in Africa

The wave of civil wars, genocide and weak or collapsed states in Africa has certainly become one of the most pressing problems in the post-Cold War world, which is essentially affecting Europe as well. The following text tries to find a correlation between the GDP incomes of African countries and the probability of the outbreak of civil war.

Stolen train

or to whom has the train been stolen so far?

In recent days, thumbnails have appeared in some media: "Did they steal the anti-aircraft train ?!" How? We will try to shed light on this in the following lines, everything is "a little" different.

Strategic-military cooperation between Russia and China

Russia-China relations have been one of the most important bilateral relations at the global level since the end of the Cold War. Although there has traditionally been long-standing tensions and mistrust between the two countries, in a globalizing world, relatively intensive cooperation has developed between them, which many observers have called a strategic partnership. One of its main purposes is to balance the strategic dominance of the United States and the West in general in international affairs. The following text aims to analyze the development of Russia-China relations in the security and strategic dimension and to assess how deep their cooperation is with whether it is really possible to speak of a strategic alliance between the two countries. The text works with the theory of balance of forces and a realistic approach to international relations.

Structural prevention as a basic procedure against the outbreak and escalation of domestic violent conflict

This work deals with the concept of structural prevention as the main procedure against the outbreak and escalation of violence in emerging national conflict and works with the hypothesis that structural prevention is an essential part of preventing violence in national conflicts and that reducing structural violence can prevent conflict or its escalation between warring parties.

Survival course

There are more and more conflicts in the world and the need to inform the environment is growing. The need to move in war-torn areas is not an easy task for civilians. The Ministry of Defense therefore organizes a special training course for war correspondents, humanitarian workers and employees of regional authorities. What does such a course look like? I decided to find out for myself.

Tank day with ABC

On Saturday, August 27, 2005, the 3rd tank day in Tank Museum Lešany took place in cooperation with ABC magazine. Despite the relatively small advertisement of this event, it was allegedly attended by around 30,000 visitors. The announcer of the local radio station and at the same time a guide to the all-day program announced at the end of the day that the organizing service ensuring the operation of the car parks in front of the complex counted over 8,300 visitors' personal vehicles. A successful sunny day certainly contributed to this ...

Terror notes with tyranny

"Repression, misery, oppression, loss of hope, the absence of any common national goal," one of the heroes of the last novel by the Egyptian writer Ala al-Aswan is angry at his Arab homeland. The book is called Chicago. "The Egyptians are no longer hoping for justice on this earth and are waiting to come from the other world. But there is no real piety in that. Egypt is dominated by a collective neurosis accompanied by religious exhibitionism. "

The American Pacific Century?

In her article published this month in Foreign Affairs, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton called this century and the coming decades in American foreign policy a Pacific era. According to her, this region will become a key engine of global politics in the coming years, and the message to the whole world ( and primarily to Beijing ) is clear - Washington will be there.

The concept of military crisis management in the EU: EUFOR RD Congo

This work aims to illustrate and subsequently analyze the concept of military crisis management in the EU in the case of the military operation EUFOR RD Congo, which took place in 2006. It goes without saying that one operation is by no means a sufficiently representative sample for a comprehensive assessment of EU military crisis management. Therefore, the work will focus mainly on the partial evaluation of problematic factors, which are unfortunately a common common denominator of EU peace support operations and thus limit the " performance " of the EU as a global security actor.

The energy dimension of Russian-Kazakh relations

Kazakhstan and Russia have very specific relations due to their geographical proximity and economic interconnectedness. This text tries to outline the energy side of their interrelationships. Due to the limited scope, the work does not deal with all energy raw materials, but focuses only on oil and natural gas.

The fifth commandment

The fifth commandment is, "Thou shalt not kill." Violation of the tithe is all the more punishable when the victims of the crime become law enforcement officers. I would like to acquaint the reader with three of the thirty short stories mentioned in the book of the same name describing thirty cases of murders, which were solved by gendarmes in our territory during the interwar period. In all three cases, the victims were their colleagues…

The first state units of the Western Slavs

This article deals with the first state departments that founded western Slovenia in today's Central Europe. The article does not aim to analyze in depth the individual state departments, but its intention is to provide the reader with a brief overview of the development of these state departments.

The Germans will not win this war either

Since the dawn of modern times, Rome (Italy), the Franks, now France, and the Germans, now Germany, have played a major role in the history of Europe. England has a special position. It is in the logic of history that each of these mainland powers tried to transform Europe into its own image. Germany, as the organizer of the largest human slaughterhouse in Europe, is stuck in our memory more due to the fact that in the past, every military and political assassin had to find enough people to do the killing nicely "by hand". Only modern times were able to kill people industrially, which was used by one of the most industrialized countries in the world - Germany. Neither the ancient Romans nor the Catholics and Protestants during the Thirty Years' War had these technical capabilities, and Napoleon, with the exception of the guillotine, did not.
Each time also uses an ideology to try to conquer its surroundings. The Frankish King Charlemagne used Christianity, Napoleon the philosophy of Voltaire, from whose ideas the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen emerged, which ended in a monstrous massacre of hundreds of thousands and war throughout Europe ...

The key to power is peace

The key to everything is peace. And love and friendship. For, as has been said a thousand times, “Do good to the enemy as well! Love does not harm one's neighbor. ” (Bible, Romans 13:10)

The last day of Alexander Solzhenitsyn

On August 6, 2008, Alexander Solzhenitsyn definitely returned to Russia. After a dramatic earthly pilgrimage, he will rest in the Don Monastery, south of the center of Moscow. At the end of the 16th century, this sanctuary was built by Boris Godunov, an icon of the Don Bogogodice. Twice in the name of this saint, Russia successfully defended itself against the Mongol invasions. From now on, today's Russia will come here to pay homage to one of its greatest writers of the 20th century.

The Memory of the Nation project

October 28, 2008 not only brought a military parade and the awarding of state decorations on the occasion of the 90th anniversary of Czechoslovakia, but on this day a unique project Memory of the Nation was launched by Post Bellum in cooperation with Czech Radio and the Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes. This brief article is about what this project brings and how it can be interesting for each of us.

The Mother of Tanks will come to BAHNA

The year has flown by and the Bahna (Day of ground forces of Czech Army) of 2003 are here again. This year's issue is number fourteen. Was last year's symbolic thirteen happy or was the fulfillment of destiny for all the other Bahna … What Bahna will they be this year?

The origin, development and structure of the community of so-called Vor in the law

This study of the so-called rafts in law, which are the sui generis criminal authorities of post-Soviet organized crime (OZ), seeks to reflect the origin, development and structure of this informal community, which forms a large part of the post-Soviet organized crime elite. The development is monitored from the earliest beginnings, through the era of raft dominance in the criminal world to the division of post-Soviet criminal elites into several groups with other traditions. The internal genesis and structure of the Vorov community and its current state are not left out either.

The rank is recognizable

From January 2011, we should meet soldiers of the Army of the Czech Republic with slightly different rank designations in the streets of towns and villages, in buses, trains and trams. In connection with the amendment to Act 221/1999 Coll. on professional soldiers, the current rank structure is being adjusted, among other things. The basis of the vast majority of NATO armies is the non-commissioned officer corps, while in our country these ranks have so far been reserved for soldiers in the basic service and reserve. We have literally become an army of batches. And that is why change is happening now. In this article, we would like not only to introduce you to the upcoming news in this area, but also to make a small excursion into the history of the rank designation.

The role of intelligence in counterinsurgency

Effective, accurate and timely reporting is an essential and integral part of any form of warfare and the conduct of war. This principle also applies to counter-insurgency operations. Their historical overview reveals one essential constant of this type of warfare - ie, no counter-insurgency operation has been successful without the use of both proper collection and dissemination of timely and accurate intelligence. The demand for intelligence is crucial for both the insurgents and the actors trying to defeat them. Historical evidence suggests that the uprising is difficult to defeat, but it is not "impossible." Dexterously conducted counter-insurgency operations can be successful. The fact is that intelligence operations, despite the use of various modern means and capabilities to gather information and analyze it, are very difficult to carry out insurgency suppression operations.

The role of leadership in international relations: 1. Leadership and authority

Leadership and authority Each leader may acquire this status in a different way and may also have a distinctive leadership style . Leading figures have been formed since the inception of civilization, be it the tribal chief, the king, the emperor, in modern times the president, or the opinion leader . In the 20th century, scientists around the world began to look at this phenomenon in more detail.

The role of leadership in international relations: 2. Leader as an actor in international relations

Leader as an actor in international relations Actors in international relations are mainly states, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, various multinational corporations, but also important individuals and their social groups, which may be in the form of various movements or religious associations. It is the leader as an individual who is the main topic of this chapter.

The role of leadership in international relations: 4. Osama bin Laden

Osama bin Laden The - name, when spoken to most people, comes to mind two huge landmarks of New York City on fire, but for a large number of Muslims, the name is a symbol of hope and salvation. Osama bin Laden is a world-renowned terrorist. It became known to most people only after the terrorist attack on the WTC on September 11, 2001, but the Muslim community knew it long before this horrific act.

The role of UNRWA in the Middle East

Introduction The United Nations is establishing countless humanitarian, peace, cultural and other organizations and agencies around the world to monitor or actively engage in improving conditions in the region. One such agency is the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, whose mission is to provide assistance to Palestinian refugees in the Middle East, defend their interests and work to improve their lives.

The role of UNRWA in the Middle East

1 The origin and development of the Palestinian refugee problem In order to understand and contextualize the Palestinian refugee issue, it is necessary to mention the historical causes of the whole conflict. This chapter lists the individual periods that were important in this issue. In addition to major turning points, such as the creation of the state of Israel and the Six Day War, to which this chapter defines the most space due to the largest refugee waves in these periods, there is also talk of conflicts between Jews and Arabs in general. The facts about the events following the Six-Day War, such as the black September 1970, the invasion of Lebanon, the Arab intifada and the situation in Israel and Palestine in the 21st century, are also briefly mentioned.

The role of UNRWA in the Middle East

2 Establishment and function of UNRWA The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) was established in 1949 by the United Nations to assist Palestinian refugees in the Middle East. He has been active since 1950 and is working with local governments to improve the situation of Palestinian refugees in health care, education, infrastructure, etc. He works mainly in refugee camps in Israel's neighboring countries - Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. and the Gaza Strip.

The role of UNRWA in the Middle East

3 UNRWA's operations UNRWA operates in a total of five states, including the internal territory of the Palestinian Authority - the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan. Each territory has its own specifics, so UNRWA's assistance differs from the needs of refugees there. This chapter characterizes these areas and provides basic information on the Agency's activities.

The role of UNRWA in the Middle East

4 The benefits of UNRWA programs The main goal of UNRWA is to positively change the living conditions of Palestinian refugees in the Middle East. Therefore, this chapter looks at the successes already achieved in six different programs: education, health, supportive social services, small loans, maintenance of refugee camps and infrastructure, and most recently emergency projects.

The role of UNRWA in the Middle East

5 Negative aspects of UNRWA's work So far, this work has focused on the positive effects of UNRWA and its successes. However, the negative aspects of the Agency's activities in the Middle East and its unfortunate consequences for the Palestinian population itself, as well as for the Western nations and the international community, which strongly support the Agency's activities, cannot be overlooked. This chapter evaluates the negatives and tries to present them clearly in individual subchapters. The information was drawn mainly from media sources, newspaper articles, statements of individual political leaders and critics of Middle Eastern politics.

The role of UNRWA in the Middle East

Conclusion The situation in the Middle East worsened considerably in 1948 at the time of the proclamation of the state of Israel. As a result of this event, hundreds of thousands of Palestinians were forced to leave their homes and relocate to the surrounding areas, gaining the status of political refugees and refugees. The international community (in the form of the UN) responded promptly to this situation by setting up the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), which aimed to stabilize the difficult living situation of these refugees.

The role of UNRWA in the Middle East

The United Nations establishes countless humanitarian, peace, cultural and other organizations and agencies around the world in order to monitor or directly actively work to improve conditions in the chosen area. One such agency is the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, whose mission is to provide assistance to Palestinian refugees in the Middle East, defend their interests and work to improve their lives.

The rumble of guns in the Gulf

The crisis over Iran's nuclear program, which has been going on for several years, has taken on a whole new dynamic in recent weeks, with demonstrations of Iranian navy and armed forces demonstrating the sounds of still rhetorical fire. There is loud speculation in Europe and the USA whether this is no longer the imaginary culmination point that will definitely direct the USA and thus some of its allies to the clash with Iran. The reality is, as is usually the case, much more complicated.

The shot is the last

For two years now, army snipers have been improving in a special course organized for them by the Vyškov department of electronic warfare and reconnaissance.

The South China Sea region as a security complex

The South China Sea and the growing interest of great powers in it are filled with newspaper headlines. The following text aims at a thorough analysis of this area from several dimensions, hoping that it will contribute to a better understanding of this remote, but probably key to the geopolitics of the 21st century.

The Spratley Islands dispute

The conflict over the Spratley Islands in the South China Sea poses a potential threat to the region as a whole. About 44 of the 51 islands are just corals overgrown above sea level. China considers these to be part of its territory. Some islands are also occupied by Vietnam, the Philippines, Taiwan, Malaysia and Brunei. The conflict is actually the result of decades of efforts to control rich deposits of minerals - mainly oil, natural gas, as well as fishing and hunting for other marine animals such as crabs, calamari and shrimp.

The town of Louny will remember its RAFs

On Wednesday, 16 September from 2 pm, three memorial plaques to local natives will be unveiled on Mírové náměstí in Louny. Not only the people from Louny will remember S / L Bohumil Kimlička, F / Lt Miroslav Vilda, DFC and P / O Jaroslav Skutil.

The war experience of death

God, how scared I am. Now that I'm alone, I don't even have to hide it; I don't really have to hide anything anymore. I don't have to worry about how I look because no one sees me; it separates me from twenty-one thousand feet, and moreover, at the moment when it grabbed me again, I would not be able to pretend, even if I wanted to. Nothing forces me to clench my teeth and clench my masticatory muscles as I had at lunch when the corporal brought the telegram with the order and handed it to Tinker, who looked up at me and looked at me and said, " Charlie, it's your turn. Now you have to go upstairs. "It simply came to our notice then. As if it wasn't clear to me that it was waiting for me now. Roald Dahl, I'm switching. Ten stories about pilots and flying

The West lost. Why?

The West, more specifically personified by the United States, stands at the interface of two dimensions. He lost the role of superpower, the clear moral and strategic winner of the Cold War, over time - his position on the geopolitical map can be defined as an internal crisis of values and an escalating fear of China. Fukuyama's concept of the ultimate victory of democracy can be seen in the current context as the proverbial honey around the mouths of Western leaders - it is certainly not relevant. Why?

Training with the best

There are several opportunities on the market to go through training more or less imitating military standards, starting with amateur offers from various enthusiasts through airsoft units, their members usually also saw the army only in the picture, to retired soldiers and veterans. But even the offer of former professionals is not balanced. It depends on the experience. The SOG Defense program definitely belongs to the top, if it is not the best.

Translation of war literature

For many years we have been confronted with the sad and regrettable fact that much of the translations of war literature are somewhat declining (and I think perhaps even punishable), at least if I can compare it with years old but really great translations of books such as The cruel sea of Nicholas Monsarrat or MacIntyre's Narvik. Then it is really difficult to find suitable words to evaluate most current translations.

Tribute to war veterans

One of the last meetings with World War II veterans at the Jiří Grossmann Theater takes place on Wednesday, March 26. 2003 from 20:00. The group Taxmen is playing!

Tryskel

Tryskel is a board game played by 2 players. One player has 12 white soldiers, the other player has 12 black soldiers.

ÚČASŤ KVV SR na SIAD 2002

On June 8 and 9, 2002, the International Aviation Day SIAD 2002 took place at the Bratislava-Ivánka Airport. years. Former military paratroopers and sports paratroopers were given the honor and confidence to participate in SIAD 2002 by a joint airdrop of three An-2 aircraft simultaneously ...

Vranova u Brna or Kharkiv 1943

Thursday 27.2. I'm looking at the clubhouse at Četnické humoresky when a colleague from fencing Baloun calls me if I don't want to go to Kharkov to fight for the weekend. Of course I want to, I just hope we fly that far.

War voices or men in battle

" It was a terrible stench. He was so terrible that he almost poisoned us. The stench of rotting meat. The old German trench front was covered with bodies that blackened them all. The bodies had been lying there since the beginning of July. It was naughty. Colonel Pinney provided the stretcher, and our job was to put the corpses on them, take them away, and throw them into the pit. There must have been over a thousand corpses in it. I don't know how many of these bodies we buried like this. I will never forget that look. Corpses all around. I'll never forget it. I was only 18 years old, but I realized that not everything was wrong here. "From a letter from a British soldier in the summer of 1916, at the time of the bloody battle of the Somme

Water conflicts in the Middle East

Water is a basic necessity of life, it is a condition for the functioning of the economy but also of society as a whole. It is therefore the perfect embodiment of the term strategic raw material. Ensuring its supply is therefore a priority for every state, and this priority comes to the fore, especially in regions where there is a shortage of water. One such region is the Middle East…

When

Kipling wrote this poem for his son John. John was 12 at the time. At seventeen, he volunteered for the front. He fell a few weeks later. We can listen to the text of the poem, for example, on the album Calamity Jane 3 of the music group Taxmeni, who dedicated it to all our war veterans. Even we non-combatants can still take the poem as a guide for our lives.

When the West asks conscience

They lived in symbiosis with the desert and the savannah. Tens of thousands of years. They composed and sang ballads, painted on the sand and on the walls of the caves. They created an ingenious composition of kinship and social ties. Aborigines of the Australian continent, Aborigines. They contributed to the birth of one of the many faces of humanity. Neither the best nor the worst compared to others.

Will the West drown its ideals in oil?

The West still needs oil. Therefore, not only will his dependence on totalitarian regimes owning the remnants of this strategic raw material increase, but also pressure to redefine his rhetoric. Otherwise, the West will be completely discredited. An exception can only be a situation if he manages to find a relevant alternative to oil in the foreseeable future.

Work camp KVH Beskydy in Výrava (6-9 July 2011)

The Club of Military History started dealing with war cemeteries in Výrava as early as 2009. This year, the members of the club, in cooperation with the municipal government, cleaned the Pod Kobylou and Kóta 600 war cemeteries. only from rescue from immediate extinction. However, this situation could not last for a long time. If work on these cemeteries did not continue, they would be in danger of extinction again after a few years.

You will find the truth in exile

I admit that I sharpened my pen to question Kosovo's independence. However, a number of colleagues from other blogs preceded me. I will not multiply what has been said and add oil to the fire of Jeremiah. While there are concerns, it is an exaggeration to say that this is a signal for the Balkanisation of Europe and the birth of a dangerous focus of Islamization of Europe. I'm going to pour a little water into too strong a wine.

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