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World War Two Era (1938-1945)

Category about conflicts, that were preceding or direct parts of second world war.


Assalto! Italian assault air force

"Modern Italy, which rightly calls itself 'Winged Italy', has a powerful military air force, whose war value is remarkable, especially nowadays. The construction of a massive air force was accepted as one of the main points of the program already during the construction of a new fascist state by Mussolini himself, who - himself a pilot-airman - pays more and more attention to the air force ... " wrote J.B. Bláha in an article in the June 1936 issue of Aviation. That it was not so famous with the fighting force of Regia Aeronautica, despite the massive fascist propaganda, can be documented on the example of the combat air force.

Assault on Pearl Harbor

A brief history of military action that launched one of the most difficult conflicts in history - the Pacific War.


The campaign against the USSR under the name "Fall Barbarossa" began planning the Wehrmacht High Command at Hitler's command shortly after the end of the war in France, and on December 18, 1940, the leader signed the campaign plan. Under one sun, there was no place for two so different and yet the same ideologies, and the non-aggression pact was a "Nordic trick" that allowed the Nazis to conquer Western Europe.

Clash of titans

The anniversary of the outbreak of the Soviet-German war provides an opportunity to recall some moments and ambiguities in the preparation and launch of hostilities. In this case, we will try to generalize certain data concerning tank units and their armament on both sides of the war. Although this topic has been studied in great detail in Russian literature for the last 15 years, we have preserved very outdated information in this field, at best from the early 1990s, at worst even the ideological floppy of Soviet propaganda.

Cooperation between NKVD and GESTAPO - myth or reality?

In recent years, information about the cooperation of the repressive structures of the communist and Nazi regimes has become more and more frequent not only in the borderless areas of the Internet, but has also penetrated periodicals and popular science books. They have also appeared in foreign documentaries and television shows. In order to answer the question of whether it is a false fabrication or a long-hidden reality, it is necessary to become acquainted with the primary sources of this information. Only on the basis of their examination can we find out the truth about the cooperation of the Stalinist and Hitler security forces.

Czechoslovak Air Force in the Sudetenland crisis - general consideration

The Air Force was one of the six main weapons of the Czechoslovak Armed Forces, and in almost 20 years of its existence it has created a fairly exclusive position, recognizable at first glance by the color of military uniforms, a different side weapon and lavish professional badges. The specific position of the weapon was also given a special way of management, when the entire department of the Ministry of National Defense was set aside for them during the peace period. From 1934, the Air Force switched to a three-tier system of command at the level of a ministerial department - provincial headquarters - a military body, in 1936, the artillery of defense against aircraft was also incorporated into this structure.

Do you know the difference between commandos, rangers and green berets?

The country where the first modern special forces were born was Great Britain. (I emphasize the word "modern"!) In 1940, ten special units were set up for the Norwegian campaign with the mission of preventing the Germans from building submarine bases in Norway. This is how the famous commandos were created. The name was taken over by the British from the Portuguese through the Boers, who used it during the Boer War in South Africa to name their militias ...

Estonia 1939 - 1941

At the end of the 1930s, the position of the Baltic states deteriorated. Anschluss of Austria, the Munich Conference on "About Us Without Us", the capitulation of France and Great Britain, and the occupation of the rest of Czechoslovakia drew the contours of future developments that were clearly unfavorable to small states, although Hitler officially demonstrated to the world his disinterest in other territorial demands.

Fall Weiss in Těšín area

On September 1, 1939, a small but industrially important part of Czechoslovakia from Bohumín to Jablunkov on the left bank of the Olza River, which was occupied by Poland and became part of it, did not witness fierce fighting on September 1, 1939. Despite its economic importance, the Poles did not intend to defend it steadily, but preparations for World War II and the course of its first day were recorded in municipal chronicles, Polish historiography, as well as in German war documents.

Finnish armored vehicles 1917 - 1945

It is amazing what our small country has in common with Finland. Both countries arose as a result of a four-year bloody conflict that forever changed the established order in Europe and caused the disintegration of several monarchies. After the post-war consolidation, both countries survived a short period of calm between the wars, but directly and indirectly threatened by stronger or more ambitious neighbors.

František Hanovec

One of the few successful Slovak pilots in the battles with Hungary in the spring of 1939, later a Slovak fighter ace. He was one of the most experienced Slovak fighters and went through all the conflicts of the independent Slovak Air Force.

gen. JUDr. Bohuslav Ečer

On the table with the designation of the Brno tram number 1 and 3 we can read the name of the final station: Bystrc, Ečerova. However, few people know what Mr. Ečer did that one of Brno's streets is named after him . JUDr. Bohuslav Ečer was an important personality in his time, who gained considerable respect not only in Czechoslovakia but also abroad. The ideas he fought for are the cornerstone of today's international criminal law. Nevertheless, he remained forgotten for forty years of the communist regime, and even after 1989, his person is neglected.

Half a millennium of European conquests

To the question of what happened in 1492, most respondents would certainly answer correctly that Columbus had sailed to the New World at that time. Many would also know that in 1498 Vasco da Gama discovered a sea route to India, but probably no one would remember what happened in 1502. Because this event is not mentioned much in school history, or it merges with previous ones, although it had for practical action many times greater reach than the two previous ones - and is still present today.

Heinrich Himmler

Heinrich Himmler was the SS-Reichsführer, Geheime Staatspolizei, commander of the SS Waffen-SS, Minister of the Interior from 1943 to 1945, and organizer of the mass extermination of Jews in the Third Reich and German-occupied territories.

History of Blitzkrieg

The Blitzkrieg is one of the most significant phenomena of the 20th century, if only for the simple reason that it had a major impact on the events of World War II, the bloodiest conflict in human history to date. The aim of our work is to try to best map the development of Blitzkrieg from its beginnings during the First World War through the origin of ideas in the 1920s and 1930s and practical implementation during the Second World War to the present with its conflicts.

History of Blitzkrieg

The Blitzkrieg is one of the most significant phenomena of the 20th century, if only for the simple reason that it had a major impact on the events of World War II, the bloodiest conflict in human history to date. The aim of our work is to try to best map the development of Blitzkrieg from its beginnings during the First World War through the origin of ideas in the 1920s and 1930s and practical implementation during the Second World War to the present with its conflicts.

Holasic area

Holasicko, surely many of you will be wondering where to look for this area? This is an area in the northeast of the Czech Republic around the city of Opava (Opava, Krnov and Hlučín regions) and the adjacent area in the north, today located in Poland.

Jan Karski - a man who tried to stop the Holocaust

The Polish resistance fighter Jan Karski's efforts to stop the Holocaust were forgotten until 1978, when the historical role of World War II was rediscovered during the filming of Shoah Karski. This text is a brief reminder of the courageous deeds of this courageous man.

Konštantín Kmeť

A brief description of my activities in the underground movement in Slovakia and on the borders in the years 1939-1945.

Lightnings in the air

Some fighters do not only bear the type designation, but have their own names. And what name represents speed and power, ie the characteristics that a fighter should have, above all, better than lightning? Probably none. The series of following articles describes the planes that deserved the name lightning - more or less.

Lightnings in the sky 12 - He-70 - German Blitz according to the American model

When I planned the Lightning in the Sky series, I assumed it would only include airplanes called Lightning. But after the last part was published, I received a number of e-mails warning that the "lightning bolts" also flew in other countries and how it is possible that they were not mentioned in the series, or how I intend to correct this wrong. So I put an imaginary shovel of ash on my head - and we go for them.

Masters of life and death

The history of the death penalty, and with it the many secrets of the executioner's craft, is as old as humanity itself. Initially, it was an act of retribution, mostly performed by those closest to the victim. Gradually, with the advent of institutions, this punishment also became institutional. In ancient history, the death penalty was most often carried out by suffocation, slashing with a sword or ax, burning alive, walling up, hitting a stake or crucifixion.

Neutral sky of Switzerland during World War II

The flights of the warring parties' aircraft over Swiss territory began soon after the outbreak of war. They were mostly planes whose crews got lost or shortened their way by flying over neutral territory, but Swiss fighters defended the neutrality of their country very hard ...

Selected aspects of the Second World War in the Těšín region - a drama of three nations

The bachelor's thesis deals with the issue of the Second World War in the region of Těšín Silesia, especially in its Czech part. The author deals mainly with those issues that are not very detailed in the context of the main currents of Czech historiography, or which show unique regional specifics. It is mainly a description of the nature of the Nazi occupation and national persecution in the region, acquaintance with the issues of the local resistance movement, and the tense international situation after the end of World War II.

The basic task was to rule the world

90 years ago, the Soviet secret police were formed, later known by the acronym KGB. To this day, members of the Russian secret services proudly call themselves Chekists.

The Czechoslovak Republic and its armed forces in 1938

The Czechoslovak Republic had the character of a parliamentary democracy with the president as the head of state, strictly separated by legislative, executive and judicial powers. Its state form was given by the constitution of 1920, basic matters in the military field were codified by the Armed Forces Act of 1920 and its amendments.

The German military graveyard in Važec

At present, there are 6 official German military cemeteries in Slovakia, where 12,199 German soldiers have found their last rest. The mentioned military cemeteries are Bratislava-Ružinov, Humenné, Hunkovce, Prešov, Važec and Zborov.

The Polish units with a swastika in the emblem

The swastika is one of the oldest symbols of humanity, but World War II fixed it in the public consciousness as a sign of Nazism. However, the swastika was used by military units on both sides of World War II. It was the first German victim, Poland, who used the swastika symbol in the insignia of regiments of Podhalan shooters and other mountain units.

With saber against tanks – the absurd myth of the Polish September 1939

The legend of the Polish cavalry attacks with sabers and spades on German tanks is perhaps the most famous myth of the September 1939 campaign. The myth arose during the entire Polish campaign and in the years following it. The fact that such an attack would be a clear suicide and no commander with common sense would give such a stupid order does not diminish the popularity of these stories, surprisingly repeated and well-known authors. It proves that it is very difficult to remove any stereotype, even if it is completely absurd, when it is so deeply ingrained.



Winter war [1939-1940]

Military conflict between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland. It began with a Soviet invasion of Finland on 30 November 1939, three months after the outbreak of World War II, and ended three and a half months later with the Moscow Peace Treaty on 13 March 1940

World War Two [1939-1945]

World War II - global and deadliest conflict in years 1939-1945, that included most of the countries of the world in two alliances - Allies and Axis.

Ecuadoran-Peruvian Border War [1941]

South American border war fought between 5–31 July 1941. It was the first of three military conflicts between Ecuador and Peru during the 20th century. During the war, Peru occupied the western Ecuadorian province of El Oro and parts of the Andean province of Loja. Although the Ecuadorian–Peruvian War occurred during World War II, it was not part of the conflict; Ecuador and Peru were neither affiliated with nor supported by the Allies or the Axis.


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