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World War Two Era (1938-1945)

Category about conflicts, that were preceding or direct parts of second world war.


Assalto! Italian assault air force

"Modern Italy, which rightly calls itself 'Winged Italy', has a powerful military air force, whose war value is remarkable, especially nowadays. The construction of a massive air force was accepted as one of the main points of the program already during the construction of a new fascist state by Mussolini himself, who - himself a pilot-airman - pays more and more attention to the air force ... " wrote J.B. Bláha in an article in the June 1936 issue of Aviation. That it was not so famous with the fighting force of Regia Aeronautica, despite the massive fascist propaganda, can be documented on the example of the combat air force.

Attack on Pearl Harbor

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise strike by the Japanese Imperial Navy against the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands on Sunday morning, December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan). Admiral Chuichi Nagum's six aircraft carriers sent two attack waves, numbering a total of 353 aircraft, against the US Pacific Fleet base in Pearl Harbor, Oahu.


The campaign against the USSR under the name "Fall Barbarossa" began planning the Wehrmacht High Command at Hitler's command shortly after the end of the war in France, and on December 18, 1940, the leader signed the campaign plan. Under one sun, there was no place for two so different and yet the same ideologies, and the non-aggression pact was a "Nordic trick" that allowed the Nazis to conquer Western Europe.

Captain Charles Hazlitt Upham, VC and Bar

New Zealand soldier who was awarded the Victoria Cross (VC) twice during the Second World War - for gallantry in Crete in May 1941, and in Egypt, in July 1942. He was the most recent of only three people to receive the VC twice, the only one to receive two VCs during the Second World War and the only combat soldier to receive the award twice. As a result, Upham is often described as the most highly decorated Commonwealth soldier of that war, as the VC is the Commonwealth's highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy.

Clash of titans

The anniversary of the outbreak of the Soviet-German war provides an opportunity to recall some moments and ambiguities in the preparation and launch of hostilities. In this case, we will try to generalize certain data concerning tank units and their armament on both sides of the war. Although this topic has been studied in great detail in Russian literature for the last 15 years, we have preserved very outdated information in this field, at best from the early 1990s, at worst even the ideological floppy of Soviet propaganda.


The Coastwatchers, also known as the Coast Watch Organisation, Combined Field Intelligence Service or Section C, Allied Intelligence Bureau, were Allied military intelligence operatives stationed on remote Pacific islands during World War II to observe enemy movements and rescue stranded Allied personnel. They played a significant role in the Pacific Ocean theatre and South West Pacific theatre, particularly as an early warning network during the Guadalcanal campaign.

Cooperation between NKVD and GESTAPO - myth or reality?

In recent years, information about the cooperation of the repressive structures of the communist and Nazi regimes has become more and more frequent not only in the borderless areas of the Internet, but has also penetrated periodicals and popular science books. They have also appeared in foreign documentaries and television shows. In order to answer the question of whether it is a false fabrication or a long-hidden reality, it is necessary to become acquainted with the primary sources of this information. Only on the basis of their examination can we find out the truth about the cooperation of the Stalinist and Hitler security forces.

Czechoslovak Air Force in the Sudetenland crisis - general consideration

The Air Force was one of the six main weapons of the Czechoslovak Armed Forces, and in almost 20 years of its existence it has created a fairly exclusive position, recognizable at first glance by the color of military uniforms, a different side weapon and lavish professional badges. The specific position of the weapon was also given a special way of management, when the entire department of the Ministry of National Defense was set aside for them during the peace period. From 1934, the Air Force switched to a three-tier system of command at the level of a ministerial department - provincial headquarters - a military body, in 1936, the artillery of defense against aircraft was also incorporated into this structure.

Do you know the difference between commandos, rangers and green berets?

The country where the first modern special forces were born was Great Britain. (I emphasize the word "modern"!) In 1940, ten special units were set up for the Norwegian campaign with the mission of preventing the Germans from building submarine bases in Norway. This is how the famous commandos were created. The name was taken over by the British from the Portuguese through the Boers, who used it during the Boer War in South Africa to name their militias ...

Estonia 1939 - 1941

At the end of the 1930s, the position of the Baltic states deteriorated. Anschluss of Austria, the Munich Conference on "About Us Without Us", the capitulation of France and Great Britain, and the occupation of the rest of Czechoslovakia drew the contours of future developments that were clearly unfavorable to small states, although Hitler officially demonstrated to the world his disinterest in other territorial demands.

Fall Weiss in Těšín area

On September 1, 1939, a small but industrially important part of Czechoslovakia from Bohumín to Jablunkov on the left bank of the Olza River, which was occupied by Poland and became part of it, did not witness fierce fighting on September 1, 1939. Despite its economic importance, the Poles did not intend to defend it steadily, but preparations for World War II and the course of its first day were recorded in municipal chronicles, Polish historiography, as well as in German war documents.



Winter war [1939-1940]

Military conflict between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland. It began with a Soviet invasion of Finland on 30 November 1939, three months after the outbreak of World War II, and ended three and a half months later with the Moscow Peace Treaty on 13 March 1940

World War Two [1939-1945]

World War II - global and deadliest conflict in years 1939-1945, that included most of the countries of the world in two alliances - Allies and Axis.

Ecuadoran-Peruvian Border War [1941]

South American border war fought between 5–31 July 1941. It was the first of three military conflicts between Ecuador and Peru during the 20th century. During the war, Peru occupied the western Ecuadorian province of El Oro and parts of the Andean province of Loja. Although the Ecuadorian–Peruvian War occurred during World War II, it was not part of the conflict; Ecuador and Peru were neither affiliated with nor supported by the Allies or the Axis.

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