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Interim period (1918-1939)

The period between the first and second world war. From nationalist conflicts to events directly leading to second world war.


Assalto! Italian assault air force

"Modern Italy, which rightly calls itself 'Winged Italy', has a powerful military air force, whose war value is remarkable, especially nowadays. The construction of a massive air force was accepted as one of the main points of the program already during the construction of a new fascist state by Mussolini himself, who - himself a pilot-airman - pays more and more attention to the air force ... " wrote J.B. Bláha in an article in the June 1936 issue of Aviation. That it was not so famous with the fighting force of Regia Aeronautica, despite the massive fascist propaganda, can be documented on the example of the combat air force.

Belgian fascism and nationalism part 1

Fascism was the only major ideology of the twentieth century that emerged with the century itself. It was a synthesis of organic nationalism and anti-Marxist socialism, a revolutionary movement based on the rejection of liberalism, democracy and Marxism.

Belgian fascism and nationalism part 2

Brief description of the political situation in Belgium, political groupings of Belgium - Flemish National Union, Rex party, Verdinaso, DeVlag; a brief biography of the most important Belgian politician / soldier of the time - Léon Degrelle.

Black Shirts - Camicie Nere, armed militia of fascist Italy

Italian militias of the fascist party and their involvement in the fighting in Abyssinia, Spain and on the battlefields of World War II. Description of individual militias, organizations, combat appearances ... etc. MVSN as an Italian counterpart SA, CCNN as an armed equivalent of the Nazi SS.

Bloody Years 1938-45 (4)

Overture, Act 1, or Blood is not water As the blogger "egon" wrote on the net: "A few days ago (October 2001), random pedestrians in front of TV cameras answered the question of when our republic was founded. As every year, some respondents have no idea events in 1918, and since many of us have forgotten what they taught us at school, let us recall the sequence of events leading to our independence. "

Bloody Years 1938-45 (5)

The rise of nationalism under Austria This is how Karl Marx put it for the Neue Reinische Zeitung in 1848. The quote was exactly as follows: "… irreconcilable struggle, war to the death of the Slavs, those traitors of the revolution… their extermination is needed, unbridled terrorism against them - not in the interests of Germany ( of course not, Karl .... ), but for the sake of the revolution… The situation between the Slavs and the Germans was already so tense at that time that the greatest revolutionary - Charles Marx ( himself considered a revolutionary and the GERMAN ) - immediately knew what to do with what he said, " Slavic splinters in the body monarchy ". So this comrades from Moscow and Prague somehow kept it secret from us …

Bloody Years 1938-45 (6)

Znojmo capitulated. We are going to Bratislava! Moravia, even though it has been a part of the Czech lands for more than a thousand years, is not Czech and everything is always a little different. It was no different in 1918.

Bloody Years 1938-45 (7)

Front-line veterans In general, not much is known about the Czechoslovak Army, which began in October 1918 to liberate and occupy the territory of the new Czechoslovakia. During the First Republic, it somehow "officially" pretended that the victory was brought by the legionaries. Under the communists, there was only talk of Czech Red Army men, and the legionaries were soldiers of imperialism or fought against the Bolsheviks, and the Great October Socialist Revolution was the only one that actually brought us freedom. Moreover, as far as I live, everyone is talking about cowardly Czechs. Fully in line with the views of Vienna's nationalist propaganda under Austria-Hungary and the post-February Communists. It is interesting that Hitler, as a soldier fighting in World War I, was very careful in his views on Czechoslovak soldiers and the nation as a coward during the war. During the Protectorate, he refused to involve any Czech soldiers in the war, although otherwise I would be willing to use Bosniaks, Albanians and Indians ...

Bloody Years 1938-45 (8)

Lost Heroes The maturity and self-confidence of a nation can be recognized by the way it evaluates its soldiers, even though they have been on various warring sides due to political and personal events. The young and new republics did not behave badly towards the soldiers serving the emperor, but adored mainly legionnaires. It was understandable then. We can say that if it were not for the brave Czech " Austro-Hungarian " soldiers who formed the basis of the new Czechoslovak army, the Czechoslovak Republic might never have emerged. Because it was created by diplomacy, supported by a substantiated force.

Border incidents in the Frýdlant region in September 1938

One of the northernmost corners of the Czech Republic, the Frýdlant promontory, was predestined by its location and ethnic composition to serve as an ideal place for the SdP (Sudetendeutsche Partei) and Freikorps to escalate tensions and terror in this area against financial guards, gendarmerie and SOS state units) and the Czech population, or anti-Nazis. The same situation prevailed in other places in the Sudetenland, where units of the Czechoslovak army were missing. For example, in the neighboring Šluknov promontory.

Carl von Ossietzky

Intellectual, pacifist, leftist journalist of Jewish descent.

Cars RA vz. 38

"First World War" experience has shown that the development of the Air Force fundamentally changes the whole way of waging war. The ability to attack targets in a fight has become a completely new factor. Military experts began to address the issues of defense against air attacks and the elimination of their consequences. In 1936, the MNO gave rise to the development of a car that would be able to clean up roads affected by chemical warfare agents. Furthermore, this car was also to be used for spraying combat poisons.



Turkish Revolution [1919-1923]

The Turkish War of Independence was fought between the Turkish National Movement and the proxies of the Allies – Greece, Armenia, France, the royalists and the separatists in various cities, and with them, the United Kingdom and Italy in Constantinople – after parts of the Ottoman Empire were occupied and partitioned following the Ottomans' defeat in World War I.

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Russia-Ukraine conflict

Russia-Ukraine conflict. Updated continuously.

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