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Interim period (1918-1939)

The period between the first and second world war. From nationalist conflicts to events directly leading to second world war.

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Assalto! Italian assault air force

"Modern Italy, which rightly calls itself 'Winged Italy', has a powerful military air force, whose war value is remarkable, especially nowadays. The construction of a massive air force was accepted as one of the main points of the program already during the construction of a new fascist state by Mussolini himself, who - himself a pilot-airman - pays more and more attention to the air force ... " wrote J.B. Bláha in an article in the June 1936 issue of Aviation. That it was not so famous with the fighting force of Regia Aeronautica, despite the massive fascist propaganda, can be documented on the example of the combat air force.

Beer coup 1923

After the defeat in World War I , Germany ceased to be a monarchy. The so-called Weimar Republic was created. It was in a huge crisis in the early 1920s.
As always, the unhappy economic situation was used by extreme forces. The importance of the extreme left represented by the communists has grown enormously. Sharply nationalist forces were formed against them. The struggle between the communists and the so-called Freikorps was a daily phenomenon on the German streets.

Belgian fascism and nationalism part 1

Fascism was the only major ideology of the twentieth century that emerged with the century itself. It was a synthesis of organic nationalism and anti-Marxist socialism, a revolutionary movement based on the rejection of liberalism, democracy and Marxism.

Belgian fascism and nationalism part 2

Brief description of the political situation in Belgium, political groupings of Belgium - Flemish National Union, Rex party, Verdinaso, DeVlag; a brief biography of the most important Belgian politician / soldier of the time - Léon Degrelle.

Black Shirts - Camicie Nere, armed militia of fascist Italy

Italian militias of the fascist party and their involvement in the fighting in Abyssinia, Spain and on the battlefields of World War II. Description of individual militias, organizations, combat appearances ... etc. MVSN as an Italian counterpart SA, CCNN as an armed equivalent of the Nazi SS.

Bloody Years 1938-45 (4)

Overture, Act 1, or Blood is not water As the blogger "egon" wrote on the net: "A few days ago (October 2001), random pedestrians in front of TV cameras answered the question of when our republic was founded. As every year, some respondents have no idea events in 1918, and since many of us have forgotten what they taught us at school, let us recall the sequence of events leading to our independence. "

Bloody Years 1938-45 (5)

The rise of nationalism under Austria This is how Karl Marx put it for the Neue Reinische Zeitung in 1848. The quote was exactly as follows: "… irreconcilable struggle, war to the death of the Slavs, those traitors of the revolution… their extermination is needed, unbridled terrorism against them - not in the interests of Germany ( of course not, Karl .... ), but for the sake of the revolution… The situation between the Slavs and the Germans was already so tense at that time that the greatest revolutionary - Charles Marx ( himself considered a revolutionary and the GERMAN ) - immediately knew what to do with what he said, " Slavic splinters in the body monarchy ". So this comrades from Moscow and Prague somehow kept it secret from us …

Bloody Years 1938-45 (6)

Znojmo capitulated. We are going to Bratislava! Moravia, even though it has been a part of the Czech lands for more than a thousand years, is not Czech and everything is always a little different. It was no different in 1918.

Bloody Years 1938-45 (7)

Front-line veterans In general, not much is known about the Czechoslovak Army, which began in October 1918 to liberate and occupy the territory of the new Czechoslovakia. During the First Republic, it somehow "officially" pretended that the victory was brought by the legionaries. Under the communists, there was only talk of Czech Red Army men, and the legionaries were soldiers of imperialism or fought against the Bolsheviks, and the Great October Socialist Revolution was the only one that actually brought us freedom. Moreover, as far as I live, everyone is talking about cowardly Czechs. Fully in line with the views of Vienna's nationalist propaganda under Austria-Hungary and the post-February Communists. It is interesting that Hitler, as a soldier fighting in World War I, was very careful in his views on Czechoslovak soldiers and the nation as a coward during the war. During the Protectorate, he refused to involve any Czech soldiers in the war, although otherwise I would be willing to use Bosniaks, Albanians and Indians ...

Bloody Years 1938-45 (8)

Lost Heroes The maturity and self-confidence of a nation can be recognized by the way it evaluates its soldiers, even though they have been on various warring sides due to political and personal events. The young and new republics did not behave badly towards the soldiers serving the emperor, but adored mainly legionnaires. It was understandable then. We can say that if it were not for the brave Czech " Austro-Hungarian " soldiers who formed the basis of the new Czechoslovak army, the Czechoslovak Republic might never have emerged. Because it was created by diplomacy, supported by a substantiated force.

Border incidents in the Frýdlant region in September 1938

One of the northernmost corners of the Czech Republic, the Frýdlant promontory, was predestined by its location and ethnic composition to serve as an ideal place for the SdP (Sudetendeutsche Partei) and Freikorps to escalate tensions and terror in this area against financial guards, gendarmerie and SOS state units) and the Czech population, or anti-Nazis. The same situation prevailed in other places in the Sudetenland, where units of the Czechoslovak army were missing. For example, in the neighboring Šluknov promontory.

Carl von Ossietzky

Intellectual, pacifist, leftist journalist of Jewish descent.

Cars RA vz. 38

"First World War" experience has shown that the development of the Air Force fundamentally changes the whole way of waging war. The ability to attack targets in a fight has become a completely new factor. Military experts began to address the issues of defense against air attacks and the elimination of their consequences. In 1936, the MNO gave rise to the development of a car that would be able to clean up roads affected by chemical warfare agents. Furthermore, this car was also to be used for spraying combat poisons.

Czechoslovak air force in the twenties of the twentieth century

October 28, 1918, on the day when the Czechoslovak Republic was officially established, there were only a few aircraft on its territory, mostly machines of the Austro-Hungarian Air Force. Twenty years later, during the occupation of Czechoslovakia, Hitler acquired over a thousand machines, mostly of modern construction and very decent parameters, the result of the practice-filled motto "air is our sea".

Czechoslovak branches of the National Guard in the Moravian region of Ostrava and Cieszyn Silesia 1918-1919

In mid-October 1918, it all came to the conclusion that the decline of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy cannot be avoided. This was accompanied by the full activation of the Polish and Czech independent equities in the Moravian-Ostrava and Silesian Cieszyn regions. On 19 October, the Cieszyn National Council was convened, and on 29 October, the Cieszyn National Council proclaimed the importance of the Cieszyn County to a free, independent, unified Polish. In response, the Provincial National Committee for Silesia, which was responsible for the accession of Silesian Cieszyn to the Czech Republic, remained.

Czechoslovak gendarmerie in the Cheb region in the 1930s

1. Introduction For our work, we have chosen to study the time of the First Republic, focusing mainly on the 1930s in order to better penetrate the context and understand the events of these years. The work is focused primarily on the armed forces, especially the gendarmerie, but in order to properly approach the function and competencies of the gendarmerie, it was necessary to introduce similarly to the police and other forces that formed a structured network to ensure order in the republic.

Czechoslovak gendarmerie in the Cheb region in the 1930s

2. General provisions of the First Republic For our work, we have chosen to study the time of the First Republic, focusing mainly on the 1930s in order to better penetrate the context and understand the events of these years. The work is focused primarily on the armed forces, especially the gendarmerie, but in order to properly approach the function and competencies of the gendarmerie, it was necessary to introduce similarly to the police and other forces that formed a structured network to ensure order in the republic.

Czechoslovak gendarmerie in the Cheb region in the 1930s

3. The organization of the Czechoslovak police after 1918 For our work we chose to study the time of the First Republic, we focused mainly on the thirties, to better penetrate the context and understand the events of these years. The work is focused primarily on the armed forces, especially the gendarmerie, but in order to properly approach the function and competencies of the gendarmerie, it was necessary to introduce similarly to the police and other forces that formed a structured network to ensure order in the republic.

Czechoslovak gendarmerie in the Cheb region in the 1930s

4. Organization of the Czechoslovak gendarmerie after 1918 For our work we chose to study the time of the First Republic, we focused mainly on the thirties, to better penetrate the context and understand the events of these years. The work is focused primarily on the armed forces, especially the gendarmerie, but in order to properly approach the function and competencies of the gendarmerie, it was necessary to introduce similarly to the police and other forces that formed a structured network to ensure order in the republic.

Czechoslovak gendarmerie in the Cheb region in the 1930s

5. Other armed forces For our work, we have chosen to study the time of the First Republic, focusing mainly on the 1930s in order to better penetrate the context and understand the events of those years. The work is focused primarily on the armed forces, especially the gendarmerie, but in order to properly approach the function and competencies of the gendarmerie, it was necessary to introduce similarly to the police and other forces that formed a structured network to ensure order in the republic.

Czechoslovak gendarmerie in the Cheb region in the 1930s

6. Gendarmerie stations on the border For our work, we chose to study the time of the First Republic, we focused mainly on the 1930s, in order to better penetrate the context and understand the events of these years. The work is focused primarily on the armed forces, especially the gendarmerie, but in order to properly approach the function and competencies of the gendarmerie, it was necessary to introduce similarly to the police and other forces that formed a structured network to ensure order in the republic.

Czechoslovak gendarmerie in the Cheb region in the 1930s

7. Gendarmerie Chronicles from the Cheb Region For our work, we chose to study the time of the First Republic, we focused mainly on the thirties, to better penetrate the context and understand the events of these years. The work is focused primarily on the armed forces, especially the gendarmerie, but in order to properly approach the function and competencies of the gendarmerie, it was necessary to introduce similarly to the police and other forces that formed a structured network to ensure order in the republic.

Czechoslovak gendarmerie in the Cheb region in the 1930s

8. Cheb gendarmes during the Munich crisis We chose to study the time of the First Republic for our work, we focused mainly on the 1930s, in order to better penetrate the context and understand the events of these years. The work is focused primarily on the armed forces, especially the gendarmerie, but in order to properly approach the function and competencies of the gendarmerie, it was necessary to introduce similarly to the police and other forces that formed a structured network to ensure order in the republic.

Czechoslovak gendarmerie in the Cheb region in the 1930s

9. The situation in 1938 and the following events taking place in the Cheb region For our work, we chose to study the time of the First Republic, we focused mainly on the 1930s to better penetrate the context and understand the events of these years. The work is focused primarily on the armed forces, especially the gendarmerie, but in order to properly approach the function and competencies of the gendarmerie, it was necessary to introduce similarly to the police and other forces that formed a structured network to ensure order in the republic.

Czechoslovak gendarmerie in the Cheb region in the 1930s

Conclusion For our work we have chosen to study the time of the First Republic, we focused mainly on the 1930s in order to better penetrate the context and understand the events of these years. The work is focused primarily on the armed forces, especially the gendarmerie, but in order to properly approach the function and competencies of the gendarmerie, it was necessary to introduce similarly to the police and other forces that formed a structured network to ensure order in the republic.

Czechoslovak gendarmerie in the Cheb region in the 1930s

For our work, we chose to study the time of the First Republic, we focused mainly on the 1930s, in order to better penetrate the context and understand the events of these years. The work is focused primarily on the armed forces, especially the gendarmerie, but in order to properly approach the function and competencies of the gendarmerie, it was necessary to introduce similarly to the police and other forces that formed a structured network to ensure order in the republic.

Czechoslovakia in the autumn of 1938 from an economic and legal point of view

The autumn of 1938 is well known from the pens of historians in Czechoslovak history, when the first Czechoslovak Republic ceased to exist as a result of the withdrawal of the borderland and the second Czech-Slovak Republic was established. Therefore, I would not like to repeat all the known facts here. Until now, I would try to empathize with the attitude of a cold-blooded trader whose goal is to survive in the market, and with that let's always approach problems. Therefore, my dear readers for a moment get rid of any ideology. A few years ago, I read a book by the outstanding thinker Master Sun: "On the Art of War." In this book, I was drawn to the idea that everyone was to beat themselves. While victory is the result of the abilities of the winner and the inability of the loser.

DEFENSE OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA IN SEPTEMBER 1938 Part 1

Due to the limited technical possibilities and the small operational depth of the Czechoslovak territory, in 1936 it was definitively decided to entrust the protection of particularly endangered sections of the border with Germany with border fortifications. It was not completed until September 1938, yet it was already extensive ...

Eights in our history

In the Czech nation, it is said that in the 20th century, the eight at the end of the century is fatal for us. However, this is not quite true - the eights, which signaled a certain breakthrough, we know from centuries past. For example, in 1348, Emperor and King Charles IV founded University of Prague - today Charles University. In May 1618, the evangelical nobles expelled two imperial governors and a scribe from Prague Castle - this defenestration was the beginning of the aristocratic resistance, which ended with the final subordination of the Czech lands to the Habsburg dynasty and their incorporation into the Austrian monarchy. In the turbulent year of 1848, when a number of uprisings broke out in Central Europe, the inhabitants of Prague also rose - their defeat led to the strengthening of the Austrian government. Ten years later, the National Theater in Prague began its activities - one of the symbols of patriotism. In 1878, the Czechoslovak Social Democratic Workers 'Party was established in Prague - the first workers' party in the Czech lands.

Father Palec

The founder of the Czechoslovak airborne army gen. Karel Paleček tried to ensure that his units were destined primarily for special operations.

Fight for the Republic 1918-1920 (1)

Hunger and Poverty From great politics and great struggles, let's look at the ordinary civic life of Austria, including the Czech and Moravian lands in 1917 and 18, until the Czechoslovak Army appeared in the republic as a "black swan". That is, as an unexpected force that ultimately helped resolve the dispute for the future.

Fight for the Republic 1918-1920 (3)

3. Food Wins the War This was reportedly said by Herbert Hoover, later the 31st President of the United States, during World War I. In 1917, when America entered World War II, he was head of the US Food Administration .
Hoover was aware that the most important thing for Europe's future was to provide food for children, as they were more sensitive to malnutrition than adults. Malnutrition affects children under the age of two first and foremost, but children under the age of 15 and adolescents are also at risk. In crisis situations, malnutrition is one of the most common causes of illness and death.

Fight for the Republic 1918-1920 (4)

Law and collective guilt After many centuries, when Czech, Moravian and Silesian Germans were members of the national majority and considered themselves part of everything "German" - including Austria - they suddenly found themselves in 1918 in a situation where they were members of a minority. Czechs and Slovaks, overlooked by their German and Hungarian neighbors and underestimated as they flourished, began to be considered brazen competitors. The war ended and the "nobodys" were suddenly called Czechoslovaks ...

Finnish armored vehicles 1917 - 1945

It is amazing what our small country has in common with Finland. Both countries arose as a result of a four-year bloody conflict that forever changed the established order in Europe and caused the disintegration of several monarchies. After the post-war consolidation, both countries survived a short period of calm between the wars, but directly and indirectly threatened by stronger or more ambitious neighbors.

French Naval Rebellions (1919)

The uprisings in the French navy, which threatened France with the same communist riots that Germany had gone through and which were remarkably timely with the Red Army crisis, effectively ruled out French involvement in the intervention forces.

German Revolution 1918-1920 I.

The German Revolution of 1918 was a social democratic revolution that was repeatedly suppressed by the social democratic leaders themselves: it was an event unparalleled in world history.

Half a millennium of European conquests

To the question of what happened in 1492, most respondents would certainly answer correctly that Columbus had sailed to the New World at that time. Many would also know that in 1498 Vasco da Gama discovered a sea route to India, but probably no one would remember what happened in 1502. Because this event is not mentioned much in school history, or it merges with previous ones, although it had for practical action many times greater reach than the two previous ones - and is still present today.

He was also Czech

The man, who proved all his life that the word homeland is not just an empty concept for him, was born on August 25, 1908 into a family that immediately contributed to the establishment of Czechoslovakia. His uncle Karel left for Russia in 1912 as a candidate for the professorship and settled in Volhynia.

Heinkel biplane fighters in the USSR

When Soviet specialists from the NII VVS thoroughly examined the captured He 51B-1 fighter in Spain in 1937, it did not surprise them significantly. It appeared to be a logical outcome of the development of older biplane fighter types of the German company Heinkel, with which the Soviets had considerable experience. In previous years, they bought and tested two copies of the HD 37 and HD 43, and even included the modified HD 37 in the RKKA VVS armament under the designation I-7.

History of Blitzkrieg

The Blitzkrieg is one of the most significant phenomena of the 20th century, if only for the simple reason that it had a major impact on the events of World War II, the bloodiest conflict in human history to date. The aim of our work is to try to best map the development of Blitzkrieg from its beginnings during the First World War through the origin of ideas in the 1920s and 1930s and practical implementation during the Second World War to the present with its conflicts.

History of Blitzkrieg

The Blitzkrieg is one of the most significant phenomena of the 20th century, if only for the simple reason that it had a major impact on the events of World War II, the bloodiest conflict in human history to date. The aim of our work is to try to best map the development of Blitzkrieg from its beginnings during the First World War through the origin of ideas in the 1920s and 1930s and practical implementation during the Second World War to the present with its conflicts.

Holasic area

Holasicko, surely many of you will be wondering where to look for this area? This is an area in the northeast of the Czech Republic around the city of Opava (Opava, Krnov and Hlučín regions) and the adjacent area in the north, today located in Poland.

In the Spanish sky - Potez 25

The most widespread French aircraft of the interwar period was the Potez 25 multi-purpose biplane. In addition to the French Air Force, Potezy 25 served in the air forces of 21 states. One of them was also Spain, where planes intervened in the fighting during the Civil War on the Republican side.

Infantry fortress K-S5 U potoka

Infantry bunker KS 5 ( where K = Kralíky section of fortifications, S = Infantry bunker and 5 = serial number of the building in the fortification line ) with the code name " U potoka " is a typical representative of heavy fortification ( TO ), which was to secure the northern border of Czechoslovakia against sudden invasion of the German army, to enable the undisturbed mobilization of the field army and possibly also to protect its flank during a possible retreat ( under the pressure of a stronger adversary ) towards Slovakia.

Japanese militarism in the first half of the 20th century

Reasons why the knightly samurai of the early 20th century became a murderous soldier of World War II? When and why did the principles of "Bushida" disappear from the actions of the Japanese army? How did Japanese militarism develop and change in the first half of the 20th century?

Latvia at the Crossroads of Wars 1914 - 1920 (I.)

Military-political developments in Latvia during the First World War and during the independence struggles against the background of the civil war in Russia. The internal power struggle between the Latvian nationalists, the Latvian Bolsheviks and the Baltic Germans was accompanied by the intervention of external forces. The Red Army of Soviet Russia, the Freikorps of Germany, the Western Volunteer Army of the White Guard Russians, and the Royal Navy of Great Britain intervened in local events to advance their interests and influence. As a result, Latvia remained a battlefield until 1920.

Latvia at the Crossroads of Wars 1914 - 1920 (II.)

The attempt to Sovietize Latvia not only deprived the government of P. Stučka of public support, but also undermined the morale of its main power support - the red Latvian shooters. Mass desertions from the Red Army began, motivated initially by a reluctance to continue fighting when Latvia was already freed from the Germans. Subsequently, disagreement with the policy of the Latvian Soviet government was added, and some of its soldiers even began to move to the tent of the government of K. Ulmanis.

Letters to Liduška

Memories of a time full of enthusiasm, determination, pride, heroism, ...
... but also betrayal and painful disappointment ...

Lightnings in the sky 12 - He-70 - German Blitz according to the American model

When I planned the Lightning in the Sky series, I assumed it would only include airplanes called Lightning. But after the last part was published, I received a number of e-mails warning that the "lightning bolts" also flew in other countries and how it is possible that they were not mentioned in the series, or how I intend to correct this wrong. So I put an imaginary shovel of ash on my head - and we go for them.

M3 Stuart 01 - The difficult beginnings of American tanks

When the war broke out in Europe in September 1939, American tank units presented a picture of misery and suffering. Even Poland, which was certainly not considered a tank power, was able to build about 700 tanks in the field. There were only about 400 of them in the entire United States, many of which still remembered World War I and were so worn out that they could only be kept in operation with all their might.

M3 Stuart 02 - On the road to success

Although the development of the M3 tank was initially stalled and technically it was definitely not revolutionary, gradually one of the most widespread tanks in history was created. This was due to balanced performance, quality production and also the general shortage of combat equipment on the part of the Allies.

Man with pilot license No. 64

Igor Sikorski was born on May 25, 1889 in Kiev. Both parents were doctors, but the mother never practiced. She had artistic interests and was one of Leonardo da Vinci's great admirers. Books with illustrations of this Renaissance giant were lying everywhere in the apartment, so it is not surprising that twelve-year-old Igor built a model of a helicopter powered by a rubber harness. He did not yet know that he had just found his lifelong content.

Nazi takeover of Germany (1930-1934)

On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed German Chancellor, and this date is therefore considered the moment of the Nazis taking power in Germany. However, the path from the republic to the dictatorship is not so simple and the process of taking power took place over a longer period.

Notes on American interwar aeronautics - Part 1

Although the most famous airships, the German Zeppelins, left the first-line service at the end of World War I, their derivatives and followers lived on. The US Navy also chose the Zeppelin model for its first airship and was about to build a slightly enlarged copy of the L.49.

Notes on American interwar aeronautics - Part 2

The American air force is finally rescued by Zeppelin again. The USA was entitled to 2 airships as war reparations from Germany. Since England and France had used their right before, retaining the existing zeppelins, Dr. Hugo Eckener, the new director of Zeppelin's plants, put the situation simply. He offered to build the Americans a new airship, specifically for military purposes and adapted to American design requirements. It was supposed to be the largest airship built to date. The offer was beneficial for both parties - America would get the latest airship construction technology, Germany's Zeppelin Luftschiffbau, and much-needed American money.

Parasite aircrafts

Ever since the first heavier-than-air planes appeared and began to compete with the reigning airships, designers have been flirting with the idea of using heavier aircraft (the term aircraft includes all flying machines, heavier-than-air aircraft and lighter air aerostats) to carry lighter ones.

Political and military-historical background of the origin of monuments to the Great War

In the euphoric period, during the march of the emerging Masaryk state law unit, new currents of opinion were formed in all strata of society. Passion, blindness in retaliation for the old order, and political and personal intrigues played unscrupulously the main role. The ostentatious patriotism and the creation of one-sided legends, together with the other factors mentioned above, had a fundamental negative effect on the preservation of the memory of the fallen citizens of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. Fallen war deserters and captured soldiers of Czech and Slovak nationality who joined the Czechoslovak legions in France, Russia, Italy and Serbia for various reasons, whether ideological or emergency, voluntarily or not, were especially praised in the struggles for "freedom of the country".

Post-war arrangement influencing the development of construction and preservation of military monuments to the Great War

After the end of the fighting in 1918, former members of the defunct Habsburg army returned to their home villages in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia long after the armistice. First, however, they had to go through Czechoslovakia. newly established acceptance or quarantine camps by the government, in which they underwent thorough political training established as a necessary ideological supervision of the former c. and k. army and its commanders. At that time, it was professionally called the release of the returning field army.

Presidential elections of 1935

It is these days that 73 years have passed since the election of Edvard Beneš as President of Czechoslovakia. This article should present the circumstances of the election at the time, which are certainly interesting.

Prisoner of war and internment camps in Poland in the years 1919 - 1924

The defeat of the military bloc of the Central Powers marked the end of the Great War, later referred to as World War I, for the peoples of Europe. As a result, Austria-Hungary disintegrated, new independent states emerged in Central Europe (Poland and Czechoslovakia), and a revolution broke out in Germany and the fall of the empire. Following the end of the war, European governments were able to address the problems caused by the long-running global conflict. Among the most important issues that needed to be resolved relatively quickly was the return of millions of people displaced to their territories as a result of military operations, as well as the evacuation of prisoner-of-war camps and the deployment of prisoner-of-war soldiers to their homeland. . A total of 8,865 thousand prisoners (5,295 thousand of the Treaty soldiers and 3,570 of the Central Powers) were captured during World War I. After laying down their weapons on the fronts, the soldiers in the prison camps began to demand immediate release home.

Punch at dawn

Dear colleagues. Competition for the 70th anniversary of the mobilization of Czechoslovakia. the army was terminated. Due to the fact that only Jiří Fidler applied with his contribution, he won the whole competition. Here is his very interesting and I believe that the discussion-provoking article is also related to the genre of so-called alternative history.

Soviet-British economic, political and diplomatic relations in the 1930s

Many authors have already dealt with economic, political or diplomatic events between the Soviet Union and Great Britain. We are talking about a topic that has fundamentally shaped the development of history continuously for almost the entire last century. Efforts to capture and point out the main differences between the two world powers during their historical development have therefore also been described and summarized in a number of scholarly books or case studies and texts.

Soviet-british economic, political and diplomatic relations in the 1930s: 2. The period of years 1930 – 1933

2 The period 1930 - 1933 For the clarity of the development of assumptions important for building mutual relations between Great Britain and the Soviet Union during the 1930s, the thesis individually deals with the political, economic and diplomatic field. The division and a more detailed overview then focus on their summary at the end of each chapter, which then serves at the end of the thesis to answer the fundamental questions of the analysis of the thesis.

Soviet-British economic, political and diplomatic relations in the 1930s: 3. The period 1934 - 1937

3 The period 1934 - 1937 For the sake of clarity in the development of assumptions important for building mutual relations between Great Britain and the Soviet Union during the 1930s, the diploma thesis deals individually with political, economic and diplomatic areas. The division and a more detailed overview then focus on their summary at the end of each chapter, which then serves at the end of the thesis to answer the fundamental questions of the analysis of the thesis.

Soviet-British economic, political and diplomatic relations in the 1930s: 4. The period 1938-1939

4 The period 1938 - 1939 For the clarity of the development of assumptions important for building mutual relations between Great Britain and the Soviet Union during the 1930s, the thesis individually deals with the political, economic and diplomatic field. The division and a more detailed overview then focus on their summary at the end of each chapter, which then serves at the end of the thesis to answer the fundamental questions of the analysis of the thesis.

Soviet-British economic, political and diplomatic relations in the 1930s: 5. Analytical analysis

5 Analytical analysis For the comparison of the theory presented and described in the diploma thesis with the own analytical analysis, it is essential to define the fundamental institutes in both analyzed countries. A mutual comparison of their importance in individual time periods for both the Soviet Union and Great Britain, using the method of multi-criteria analysis, should clarify from the point of view of institutional economics the interconnectedness of political, economic and diplomatic relations between the analyzed countries during the 1930s.

Soviet-British economic, political and diplomatic relations in the 1930s: 6. Conclusion

6 Conclusion The theoretical part, together with the results of the analytical section of the thesis clarified the mutual Soviet - British economic, political and diplomatic relations from 1930 - 1939. Their interaction in the historical period of the last century developed throughout to a certain extent, positively, but mainly also negatively, they contributed to the final state at the end of the 1930s.

Soviet-British economic, political and diplomatic relations in the 1930s: Introduction

1 Introduction A number of authors have dealt with economic, political or diplomatic events between the Soviet Union and Great Britain. We are talking about a topic that has fundamentally shaped the development of history continuously for almost the entire last century. Efforts to capture and point out the main differences between the two world powers during their historical development have therefore also been described and summarized in a number of scholarly books or case studies and texts.

Štefan Osuský

One of the most important political figures standing at the beginning of the Second World War firmly behind the ideals of Masaryk's Czechoslovakia and anti-fascist resistance.

The basic task was to rule the world

90 years ago, the Soviet secret police were formed, later known by the acronym KGB. To this day, members of the Russian secret services proudly call themselves Chekists.

The myth of purges in the Red Army

The purges in the Red Army officers in 1937-1938 were used by official Soviet historiography as one of the main arguments for explaining the Soviet Union's unpreparedness for war with Germany. However, contemporary Russian historians have refuted this argument and, based on their research, have shown the true extent and real effects of purges.

The occupation of Czechoslovakia 1938-1939

The annexation of Austria and the seizure of Austrian gold and all its assets brought the German economy temporary prosperity, why not repeat it with Czechoslovakia? German economists demanded that Hitler do something quickly, because the "Austrian dowry" would be gone by the autumn (1938). In order for the regime to stay afloat financially, it must repeatedly continue the constant influx of assets from the newly conquered territories. However, this does not mean that Hitler would not want to conquer other states anyway, but time pushed him to act quickly. Some of the most influential generals fundamentally disapproved of Hitler's rush to strike against Czechoslovakia. They feared that such an action could result in the immediate outbreak of another world war if France and Britain intervened on the side of invaded Czechoslovakia, and even the participation of the Soviet Union could not be completely ruled out. The German defensive wall on the Rhine was not yet complete and in the west only thirty divisions would provide defense ...

The seven-day war with Poland (1919)

Shortly after the founding of Czechoslovakia in October 1918, a dispute arose over the Těšín region with neighboring Poland. Although the borders of the young republic were internationally recognized by the states of the Agreement and it was a Czech historical territory, Poland did not intend to accept it and after the disintegration of Austria-Hungary occupied this territory militarily. At the same time, the coal wealth of this area and the need to secure coal for Czechoslovakia also played a significant role.

The war on the railway

The first chapters of the history of the Czechoslovak railway army and armored trains began to be written shortly after the formation of our legions.

They called him brother "Cultivator"

Biography of the army general in memoriam Karel Kutlvašr (* 27.1.1895 - + 2.10.1961). Commander of the insurgents during the Prague Uprising and a participant in the three czechoslovak resistance.

Training of Soviet pilots for World War II

Why did German fighter aces easily and quickly increase the accounts of victories on the Eastern Front in 1941/42?
Did Stalin plan an aggressive war against Germany?
Did the mass training of Soviet pilots produce " slaves of heaven "?

What about the term "Jewish Bolshevism"

Surely each of us who attended nine-year elementary school has heard of this term. The term "Judeo-Bolshevism" is used not only by various Nazi groups ( although National Socialism, ie Nazism, has a lot in common with classical International Socialism and Communism ), but also by right-wing people. It should be noted that indeed the number of Jews who supported and led the revolution was above average in relation to the population and the Jewish minority in what was then Russia and later in the Soviet Union. But we need to see things in context.

What preceded the War of Independence?

After World War II, the territory of Palestine was administered by Great Britain, which still prevented Jewish immigrants from entering the Holy Land, and Jewish refugees were interned by the British in concentration camps in Cyprus. Anti-Semitism was very much alive in Europe even after the Nazi rage, on July 4, 1946, Poles murdered 42 Jews in Kielce, forty-two hours later, Polish Jews set out for the Holy Land.

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Turkish Revolution [1919-1923]

The Turkish War of Independence was fought between the Turkish National Movement and the proxies of the Allies – Greece, Armenia, France, the royalists and the separatists in various cities, and with them, the United Kingdom and Italy in Constantinople – after parts of the Ottoman Empire were occupied and partitioned following the Ottomans' defeat in World War I.
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