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World War Two [1939-1945]

World War II - global and deadliest conflict in years 1939-1945, that included most of the countries of the world in two alliances - Allies and Axis.

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"Bloody heat" in the Hürtgen Forest

Southeast of Aachen is the Hürtgen Forest, an area of about 50 square miles. The forest has mostly mountainous, rocky terrain and was created by deliberate afforestation of an empty area. The area is located on the Belgian-German border and forms a triangle, surrounded by the aforementioned cities of Aachen and the cities of Duren and Monschau. The forest was part of the Siegfried Line and was full of fortified machine gun nests, artillery batteries, and some parts of it were almost impassable due to the large minefields. The next part of the article deals with the battles of the 28th Infantry Division, because it was she who led the biggest battles in Hürtgen and paid the highest tax for them.

... and the last was Javoricko

The story of a Moravian village that entered the minds of people in 1945. When, at the very end of World War II, after 6 long years of occupation, the same fate befell her as Lidice and Ležáky in 1942. On May 5, 1945, four days before the arrival of the Red Army, SS units murdered 38 men aged 15 to 75 and burned 32 houses.

311th (Czechoslovak) Bomber Squadron RAF celebrates its birthday

After the Czechoslovak pilots fled from demoralized and defeated France to England in the early summer of 1940, the Churchill spirit of defiance that prevailed in this country did not allow them to pursue defeatist ideas for a long time. After the 310th Fighter Squadron (established on 10 July 1940), the first Czechoslovak bomber squadron has been assembled, armed with much more complicated aircraft than the Hurricane fighters ...

37 mm ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUN Mk. 1939

I will focus on the technical description of the anti-aircraft cannon. Modelers will certainly appreciate the little available photos and some technical data that I managed to obtain when building a 1:72 scale model.

6. Panzer Division

The 6th Panzer Division gained one of the best combat records on the battlefields of World War II among all the divisions that fought in it. Its operation begins with the invasion of Poland in 1939 and ends with the defense of Vienna in 1945.

60th anniversary of the ANTHROPOID group fight

On June 18, 2002, 60 years have passed since the last battle of seven brave Czechoslovak paratroopers, hidden in the crypt of the Orthodox Church of Cyril and Methodius on Resslova Street in Prague against the superiority of the German occupiers: J. Bublík, J. Gabčík, J. Hruby, J. Kubis, A. Opalka, J. Valčík and J. Švarc. They were members of Czechoslovak troops in Great Britain, deployed to the German-occupied territories of Bohemia and Moravia in order to carry out special reconnaissance and diversionary tasks.

9cm mortar Škoda "U Cihelny"

The separate infantry bunker KS 14 "U Cihelny", part of the fortifications of the Kralická fortress area, is a two-sided two-winged two-bell army fortress building in the strongest and most durable design (3rd resistance class), situated north of the town of Králíky.

A blow of thunder

Heroic defense of the intelligence troops of the US 99th Infantry Division in the Ardennes

A clumsy Pacific War worker

During World War II, the Allies deployed around 10,000 special pontoon vehicles not only in the Pacific but also in Europe, which was officially classified as LVT (Landing Vehicle Tracked), although soldiers did not call it anything other than amtrac in transporter version and amtank in the support version with cannon armament. It was also known by the combat name "Alligator" or "Buffalo", and its journey into the US Marine Corps is so colorful that it is worth telling.

A contribution to the history of the Manganese landing

After 1989, the Western foreign resistance during the Second World War was thoroughly researched and published by historians, but also by enthusiasts of this scientific field, both in the press and on television, and especially in the phenomenon of today - the Internet. But no matter how detailed archival research, there are always documents that complement and reveal the past. They are usually found in places where no one would look for them and in research focused on a completely different area. We most often know this Murphy's Law from home when we look for shorts and find a lost wedding ring. Something similar happened to me while studying at the National Archives in Bratislava. I didn't find the ring, but ...

A contribution to the study of the economic causes of British appeasement in the 1930s 1.

1. The British policy of appeasement Appeasement is a policy that recognizes the principles of non-interference and non-influence of the internal affairs of other states. It seeks to find common ground and resolve conflicts in a moderate manner, which sometimes requires material forms of concessions. Opinions on him, however, vary widely. Some people see appeasement as a completely natural phenomenon that accompanies diplomatic relations, because in an effort to reach mutual understanding, it is clear that states sometimes have to compromise on their demands. Others, on the other hand, see it as a sign of weakness and inconsistent foreign policy.

A contribution to the study of the economic causes of British appeasement in the 1930s 2.

2. Developments after the First World War The First World War had a fundamental impact on the post-war image of Europe. It was officially ended after the signing of the armistice on November 11, 1918, but as the course of events itself showed, peace was just a short break from an even more terrifying conflict. The Great War did not solve the problems that led to its emergence. On the contrary, it brought with it great unemployment, which was caused mainly by soldiers returning home from the war. Shortly after its end, an epidemic of Spanish flu broke out, killing a huge number of people. The map of Europe has changed dramatically, many new states have emerged and, conversely, others have disappeared. The Bolshevik revolution broke out in Russia, and Europe feared that it might spread to neighboring states.

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