Many people may remember the beginning of the second Palestinian intifada, when footage of a Palestinian boy allegedly shot by Israeli soldiers circled the world. Muhammad Dura became a symbol of Palestinian " suffering ", intifada and the fight against so-called Israeli brutality, and aroused pro-Palestinian sympathy around the world. Thirteen years later, however, it turned out that the soldiers had not killed the boy, and the whole case was a hoax .
Events in the Middle East from the Camp David summit in July 2000 to the February 2001 presidential election.
The article maps the main attempts and contradictions of the Middle East peace process until 1994. Later events are devoted to the article "Al-Aqsa Intifada".
Hamas is still the center of attention. The following text aims to analyze the changes in its terrorist activities from its inception to the present.
1. US policy and the Israeli-Palestinian peace process Although the United States was involved in the Middle East before World War II, it did not begin to pursue a more active policy in the region until after the end of World War II. However, only since the 1960s can we speak of a "special relationship" between the United States and Israel, which continues to last until today. There are more answers to the question of where the roots of the important relationship between the two countries come from. East after 1945 can be explained on the one hand by the interest in oil, later also by anti-communism and the struggle for spheres of influence within the bipolarism characteristic of the Cold War.
Introduction When we say Middle East today, everyone is probably reminded of the revolution in Egypt, the uprising in Syria, or the fighting in Libya. The Middle East is currently a symbol of the unrest and revolts that could bring about changes in the policies of these Arab countries in the coming years. In connection with the crisis in the Arab world, there is also talk of the future of a small country that has been fighting for its existence since its inception - the future of the State of Israel.
2. Israel and the USA - a special relationship Relations between the United States and Israel have been exceptional since the establishment of the State of Israel. Since the 1960s, there has even been talk of a so-called special relationship, which exists between the two countries and has no analogues in the world. For decades, the two countries have maintained strong bilateral relations based on several factors - common strategic goals in the Middle East (eg Iran, Syria or Islamic extremism), sharing democratic values and historical roots dating back to the very founding of the State of Israel.
3. The Obama administration in the peace process The Obama administration in 2009 was faced with a difficult task during the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Bush's attempts to end the disputes, presented by the Annapol Conference, were in ruins, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert would be forced to resign due to allegations of corruption, and a war broke out in Gaza just before Obama's inauguration.
Conclusion The United States undoubtedly plays an important role in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. Whether they were negotiators, mediators or observers, they made a significant contribution to advancing the Israeli-Palestinian peace talks.
When we say Middle East today, everyone is probably reminded of the revolution in Egypt, the uprising in Syria, or the fighting in Libya. The Middle East is currently a symbol of the unrest and revolts that could bring about changes in the policies of these Arab countries in the coming years. In connection with the crisis in the Arab world, there is also talk of the future of a small country that has been fighting for its existence since its inception - the future of the State of Israel.
Operation Cast Lead began on December 27, 2008 and lasted about a month. It was a retaliatory action aimed at preventing further blasting of Israeli territory from the Gaza Strip. The state of Israel was, as usual, again accused of war crimes (ie, deliberately attacking Gazan civilians, civilian objects and civilian infrastructure). As in the case of the "Janin Massacre" or the "Palestinian Massacre on the Beach in Gaza". All these accusations pursue one goal - to denigrate Israel as widely as possible. Now I will try to recapitulate only some of the misinformation that has circled the world.
We often hear the claims of some people that Palestinian Arabs have the right to return to the territory of today's state of Israel. There are even many personalities who say Israel should transform into a binary nation-state. In the rough post-war year of 1947, the United Nations divided the territory of the British mandate into a Jewish and an Arab state. However, the Arabs did not accept this solution and launched an armed attack against Israel.
Egypt is systematically stepping up its fight against the Palestinian Hamas movement, which controls the Gaza Strip. On Tuesday, a Cairo court banned Hamas from all activities and operations in Egypt, making it clear that the authorities did not intend to compromise their intention to completely isolate the movement. The court has ordered the closure of all Hamas offices and the confiscation of its property, and members of the movement living in Cairo may now be arrested. The ban on Hamas is no longer far from declaring it a terrorist organization, which has been its parent Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt since December.
Egypt usually attracts the attention of the Western media only because of the persecution of Islamists and the alleged power ambitions of Field Marshal Abdal Fatah Sisi. Few have noticed that since the overthrow of Islamist President Muhammad Mursi in July, Egypt has been fighting hard against terrorism, especially in the Sinai Peninsula, from where violence spills over into the country. On Friday, he launched the largest offensive to date, firing 60 rockets at Islamist targets in a village near Sheikh Zuwajdi and killing at least 13 terrorists. He destroyed twenty of them in the whole of last week, another twenty this Monday and hundreds since July, and he also lost over 200 soldiers himself. Compared to Syria, these figures may seem low, but the fight against terrorism in Sinai is of great importance to the whole region.
There are many artificially created hatred myths about Israel. And the fact? It is usually far from them.
The history of the 20th century is often referred to as the " history of war ." Wars bring with them immense suffering, death, refugees, the forcible expulsion of the innocent. During World War I, the Turks committed genocide on the Armenian population, during World War II. During World War II, the Nazis murdered more than 1/3 of the entire Jewish population. Immediately after the war, the Allies approved the expulsion of the German population from Central and Eastern Europe at the 1945 Potsdam Conference. Iraq, a wave of refugees has been provoked by the conflict between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots. The Soviet Union was a master and far outnumbered other conflicts by, among other things, expelling, relocating, and destroying millions of nations and ethnic groups.