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I fought against communism in Vietnam

This year, 35 years have passed since the end of the Vietnam War, which lasted almost 30 years with breaks. France's failed engagement was followed in 1965 by the deployment of the US military in southern Vietnam. In March 1973, American troops were withdrawn. For the United States, the longest and most unpopular war in its history has ended. 58,325 young Americans remained on the battlefield. Those happier who have returned have often carried and continue the trauma of war throughout their lives. How did this conflict affect the life of a young Czechoslovak emigrant, whose fate swept all the way to Southeast Asia?

Participants in the Third Resistance? Czechoslovaks on the battlefields of Southeast Asia 1945–1954 and 1964–1973

" It was the border guards who were responsible for the fact that some provocations at the state borders did not escalate into a large-scale confrontation and a breach of peace. It was the members of the border guard who provided peace for the peaceful life and work of people not only on the border. And that they did not have a simple service is evidenced by historical sources from the 50s, when weapons, submachine guns, hand grenades and so on were found among the violators of the state border státní "
From the speech of the KSČM MP Marta Semelová of 11 February 2011 at the Chamber of Deputies, discussing the bill on the Third Resistance

Paul Doumer Bridge

The railway bridge standing in the suburbs of Hanoi, which was the target of the US Air Force during the Vietnam War, celebrated its 107th birthday this year.

Reasons for the failure of state-building in South Vietnam

State-building is a complex process that involves diverse areas. Some experts identify state-building with post-conflict reconstruction, some consider it part of post-conflict reconstruction. Given that state-building in the SE was preceded by an end to the conflict, or rather the Indochina War, state-building in this work is understood as a post-conflict reconstruction, which consists of four main pillars. These main pillars include ensuring security, the economic and social agenda, the creation of a legal system and the creation of a system of governance.

Reasons for the failure of state-building in South Vietnam: 1. Characteristics of state-building

State-building is a complex process, the definition of which is still the subject of debate. Some scientists identify state-building with post-conflict reconstruction and some do not. In this work, state-building overlaps with the process of post-conflict reconstruction, given that state-building began after the end of the conflict, or after the Indochina War. It is understood as the restoration of the socio-economic and political structure of society after the end of the conflict by international actors and the affected state.

Reasons for the failure of state-building in South Vietnam: 2. United States of America

In identifying the reasons for the failure of state-building in the South Vietnam, which stood on the side of the US, I proceed according to the levels of analysis of US foreign policy. I will analyze foreign policy at the following four levels of analysis - at the level of the international system, the level of the state, the level of domestic influences and the level of the individual.

Reasons for the failure of state-building in South Vietnam: 4. External factors

External factors that directly or indirectly influenced the state-building process may include North Vietnam, the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China. These factors had a negative impact mainly on the security situation in the South Vietnam. The GDR indirectly but also directly disrupted the efforts of the South Vietnamese government to ensure security in the country. In the case of the USSR and China, this was an indirect effect. Also, the problems in Laos and Cambodia, which were interrelated to the situation in the SV, could be among the factors that influenced the state-building process in the SV.

Reasons for the failure of state-building in South Vietnam: Conclusion

The US state-building program in South Vietnam began in 1954 following the Geneva Accords. The Geneva Agreements ended the Indochina War and established a provisional border dividing Vietnam into the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and South Vietnam. The goal of the United States was to build a functioning state that would serve as a defensive wall against the spread of communist expansion to other countries in Asia. This attempt failed and culminated in the capitulation of the South Vietnamese government after the arrival of North Vietnamese troops in Saigon in 1975. The following year, South Vietnam was officially united with North Vietnam and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam was formed.

Reasons for the failure of state-building in South Vietnam: Introduction

State-building is a complex process that involves diverse areas. Some experts identify state-building with post-conflict reconstruction, some consider it part of post-conflict reconstruction. Given that state-building in the SE was preceded by an end to the conflict, or rather the Indochina War, state-building in this work is understood as a post-conflict reconstruction, which consists of four main pillars. These main pillars include ensuring security, the economic and social agenda, the creation of a legal system and the creation of a system of governance.

The journey of the United States to Vietnamese hell

American professional athlete Rocky Bleier in Vietnam almost lost both legs. In one of the later conversations, he regretted only one. No one ever told him what it was all about. Neither in the training center nor in his platoon in Vietnam. " I wanted to know why I was going there, " he said, " but I never found out. "

The South China Sea region as a security complex

The South China Sea and the growing interest of great powers in it are filled with newspaper headlines. The following text aims at a thorough analysis of this area from several dimensions, hoping that it will contribute to a better understanding of this remote, but probably key to the geopolitics of the 21st century.

Venture "Vietnam"

In July 1946, I got with my team, which I commanded, into a trap set for us by Vietnamese guerrillas. I fought from 7 a.m. to 12 p.m., and only when I saw that I had lost four people did I give the order to retreat. I received a war cross for this activity.
Sergeant-chef František Vaňhara, April 7, 1951

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