Cold war [1946-1989]
How the Lockheed U-2 spy plane was shot down in May 1960.
It was the largest aircraft to ever carry an American star, and in the summer of 1949, Peacemaker was at war - in Washington.
Nearing the end of 1951, conventional fighters introduced into service flew at speeds of about 1 MACH, rather less. They reached supersonic speeds mostly only in dive flight or completely without weapons. Lockheed designer Clarence "Kelly" Johnson visited United States Air Force (USAF) pilots fighting in Korea to find out which aircraft would suit them. He received an unisono response from the fighters: a light aircraft, overcoming the enemy in speed, climbability, access and dexterity.
When the car runs out of fuel just in front of the gas station, you can push it towards it. But what to do if the same thing happens to an aircraft in flight? Plus a jet fighter, the most modern creation of its time ... the same. Push.
Abrams. A tank that became famous during the first and second wars in the Persian Gulf. But its birth was not easy at all, and a long time passed before the armor received new armaments.
Plan for economic aid to war-torn Europe.
In 1981, Colonel Ryszard Kuklińsky, Colonel of the Polish People's Army, contacted the CIA and handed over 35,000 pages of secret documents about plans to prepare for a massive Warsaw Pact offensive, with which he did not agree. He also provided the West with information on 200 state-of-the-art Soviet weapons.
This year marks 73 years since the first nuclear bombs hit the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Some journalists claim that the Americans turned Japan into an experimental shooting range and that the bombing was unnecessarily militarily. Really?
In 1958 and 1959, reconnaissance flights over the Soviet Union took place only sporadically. Eisenhower was constantly worried that overflights could provoke the Soviets to react, and perhaps even start World War III. Beginning in 1959, the Soviets fired U-2s with their SA-2 ground-to-air missiles, and some came dangerously close. The question of the size of the Soviet arsenal of intercontinental ballistic missiles still remained unanswered.
Even "goulash communism" had no chance of survival.