Main Menu
User Menu

Military history website

Šrom, Leopold

     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Šrom
Jméno:
Given Name:
Leopold
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Leopold Šrom
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Hodnost:
Rank:
plukovník v.v. in memoriam
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
-
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
-
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
08.09.1917 Chrlice /
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
11.10.1968 Ptice /
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
velitel 2. letky, 1. československý stíhací letecký pluk
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
Zahynul pri leteckej katastrofe Il-14 OK-MCJ o 16:20 hod. pri obci Ptice neďaleko Kladna.
Související články:
Related Articles:

Zdroje:
Sources:
https://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_%C5%A0rom
www.obecptice.cz - strana 83
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Srom-Leopold-t19497#526263Version : 0
MOD
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Šrom
Jméno:
Given Name:
Leopold
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Leopold Šrom
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
01.02.1944 podporučík
01.11.1944 poručík
DD.06.1945 nadporučík
DD.MM.RRRR kapitán
DD.MM.1964 major
17.06.1991 plukovník v.v. in memoriam
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:

DD.11.1945-DD.MM.RRRR 245. peruť RAF
DD.07.1941-DD.07.1942 310. peruť RAF
DD.MM.1944-DD.MM.RRRR 1. československý samostatný stíhací letecký pluk
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR 1. československý stíhací letecký pluk
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR Výzkumný letecký ústav
Vyznamenání:
Awards:

DD.MM.RRRR

Válečná medaile 1939-1945
War Medal 1939-1945
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile Za vítězství nad Německem ve Velké Vlastenecké válce 1941-1945
Medal for Victory over Germany in Great Patriotic War 1941-1945
Медаль За победу над Германией в Великой Отечественной войне 1941-1945 гг.
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Pamětní medaile československé armády v zahraničí
Commemorative Medal of Czechoslovak Army Abroad

-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za zásluhy I. stupeň
Medal for Merit 1st Class
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile Za chrabrost před nepřítelem
Medal "For Gallantry"
3x

DD.MM.RRRR

Válečný kříž 1939
War Cross 1939
4x

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád Slovenského národního povstání I. třída
Order of Slovak National Uprising 1st class
Rad Slovenského národného povstania I. trieda
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za obranu
Defence Medal
-

Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_%C5%A0rom
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Srom-Leopold-t19497#526269Version : 0
MOD
Leopold Srom, air force major, flying officer RAF


He was born on September 8, 1917 in Chrlice, a village that is now part of Brno. After graduating from primary school, burgher and vocational electrical school, he was deprived less than a month before his twentieth birthday and on October 1, 1937, presented at the air regiment No.5 in Brno. After completing basic field training, he was accepted in mid-December to a non-commissioned officer and pilot school with the same regiment. In four months he was promoted to the rank of private and at the end of May 1938 included in the fighter school Air Regiment No. 4 in Prague. After another four months of intensive training, he was trained in October and November at the VLÚ combat aviation school in Prostějov. From December 1938 until March 20, 1939 he worked at 45. squadrons air regiment No.3 at the airport in Spisska Nova Ves. The next day he was demobilized and released from active duty.


Less than three months after the occupation by Nazi troops, he left, on the night of June 13-14, 1939, outside the Protectorate. He joined a group of pilots, which was presented in Krakow. After a short stay in the camp in Malé Bronowice, before the fall of Poland, he sailed through Denmark to France.
He was included among the Czechoslovak. pilots, who were training at the fighter school in Chartres. After the military and political collapse of France in June 1940, when he changed the combat flight school in Bourgres and La Rochelle in three weeks, he sailed for England.


From the port of Plymouth, Polda got to the Czechoslovak air depot in Cosford. On September 1, 1940, he was promoted to the rank of sergeant and over the next two months completed combat training at the Benson Bombing Aviation School and the Sutton Bridge Fighter School.


From November 1940 he was assigned to 245. British Fighter Squadron as a day and night fighter operational pilot. The primary task of the 245th Squadron was to protect the port of Belfast against German reconnaissance aircraft as well as to protect convoys. He opened a combat account on May 29, 1941, when he damaged the German Dornier Do 17. From July 1941 he worked in Fw 190 and participated in the shooting down of one Ju 88. As an instructor was included only until January 1943, then returned to the 310th Squadron to Exeter. On March 1, he was promoted to sergeant major, and less than a year later, on February 1, 1944, he was appointed to the lowest rank of officer - lieutenant.


On February 1, 1944, he ended his activity in England and moved to the first Czechoslovak air unit created in the USSR. On September 17, 1944, he flew with 1. fighter regiment to Slovakia, to the field airport Zolná near Zvolen. He shot down one during the fighting in Slovakia
Fi 156, dva Bf 109, & # 189; Ju 189, probably shot down one Bf 109 and Ju 87. After returning from Slovakia, Leopold Šrom was promoted to November 1, 1944 to the rank of lieutenant and as commander of the 2nd Squadron 1. Czechoslovak Fighter Regiment took part in the fighting for access to Moravia. After the war, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant in June 1945.


During the war he was awarded several times. It was decorated four times Československým vojnovým krížom 1939, once Radom SNP I.degree, three times medallion for bravery before the enemy a twice military commemorative medal. He also received the Czechoslovak Military Medal for Merit, English War Medal a Defense Medal, Soviet medal for victory over Germany and more.


After the war, he was transferred to the air squadron in Kbelo on August 1, 1945, from which the 1st Air Regiment was formed by September 1945. In the post-war period, Leopold Šrom was transferred to various units, until he was finally selected for his abilities as a test pilot and was transferred to the Aviation Research Institute. He flew new types of aircraft and participated in the test program of jet aircraft Messerschmitt Me 262. Immediately after the February coup, the transformation of the state apparatus was carried out by dismissing those who did not comply with the communist dictatorship. In evaluating the attitudes of the command corps in the army, the criteria of the previous period - the fight against fascism - were no longer taken as criteria, but "loyalty to the working class and the working people" was considered decisive. Because most pilots came from the Western Front, they were labeled "communists of the people" and "minions of imperialism" by communist propaganda. Some pilots responded and left the republic. Leopold Šrom received an offer from a group of pilots who were leaving, but he rejected this offer. Nevertheless, Leopold Šrom was arrested in the autumn and accused of complicity in preparing to leave the republic illegally. It was an absurd accusation, but common at the time. After a few weeks, Captain Srom was released. He returned to the unit for a short time, but could no longer fly. In the spring of 1949, when the so-called "second stage of the cleansing of the command corps" began, he was discharged from the army for "loss of political confidence."


He started working as an electromechanic in Žižkov's Tesla. It was not until 1964, when the mistakes of the late 1940s and 1950s began to be corrected, that Leopold Šrom was suddenly promoted to the rank of major. He took over the Order of the Red Star from the hands of the Minister and was awarded the title of Merited Military Airman of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. At that time, he took advantage of CSA's offer to rehabilitated pilots and left to work for the State Aviation Inspectorate. This work did not suit him. He wanted to fly again. Therefore, he took private lessons and in the evenings learned aviation regulations, because the civilian pilot was placed more demanding than the fighter pilot. The firm will won and Polda became a transport pilot. He flew as a second pilot on Il-14. On October 11, 1968, a tragic accident occurred. After the start, the engine failed and the transport Ilyushin Il-14 OK-MCJ crashed near Kladno near the village of Ptice. The entire crew and all passengers perished.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Srom-Leopold-t19497#72751Version : 0

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

.
Šrom, Leopold - František Burda a Leopold Šrom

František Burda a Leopold Šrom
Šrom, Leopold - Leopold Šrom

Leopold Šrom
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Srom-Leopold-t19497#72766Version : 0
official combat successes in the Slovak National Uprising


in air battles:
- 2 Bf-109 and 1/2 FW-189 for sure
- 1 Bf-109 and 1 Ju-87 probably


in attacks on ground targets:
- destroyed 3 aircraft on the ground, 9 trucks with military equipment, 1 car, 2 wagons, 1/4 artillery batteries, 1/4 mortar batteries
- damaged 12 trucks with military equipment and 1 car


pos.
based on later research, his air victories were specified by reclassifying the probable victory of the Bf-109 to a certain victory and by acknowledging a certain victory of the Fi-156.


resources:
J. Rajlich - Aces in the Sky, Our Army, Prague 1995, ISBN 80-206-0139-2
Z. Šmoldas - Czechoslovak pilots in the fight against fascism, Our Army, Prague 1987
J. Vraný, J. Krumbach - MiG-15, La-5 and La-7, Fokker D VII, Our Army, Prague 1985
M. Veštšík, J. Vraný - Lavočkin La-5, MBI, Prague 2006, ISBN 80-86524-10-8
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Srom-Leopold-t19497#274428Version : 0
MOD
Diskuse

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

Prosím o úpravu nebo vypuštění dvou zjevných nesrovnalostí:
"Od júla 1941 pôsobil v Fw 190 a podieľal sa na zostrelení jedného Ju 88. Ako inštruktor bol zaradený len do januára 1943, ..."
Zjevně tam má být "OTU" (Operation Training Unit - operační výcviková jednotka). Na sestřelu se jako instruktor podílet mohl.
"Vtedy využil ponuku ČSA rehabilitovaným letcom a odchádza pracovať do Štátnej leteckej inšpekcie. "
SLI vznikla v roce 1964 (to souhlasí), ale vyčleněním ze Státní letecké správy. S ČSA neměla SLI ani SLS organizačně ani personálně v roce 1964 a později nic společného. (www.rlp.cz)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Srom-Leopold-t19497#664974Version : 0