The development of the strategic bomber Tu-160 began in 1973. In 1977, the military commission was presented a model of this aircraft ( then called samoljot 70 ) in real size, and at the same time began assembly of the first prototype.
Ever since the first heavier-than-air planes appeared and began to compete with the reigning airships, designers have been flirting with the idea of using heavier aircraft (the term aircraft includes all flying machines, heavier-than-air aircraft and lighter air aerostats) to carry lighter ones.
One of the aircraft that affected the appearance of a whole generation of Tupolev aircraft was the Tu-98. Although it did not get into series production, it was at the beginning of the development line of the Tu-128 fighter aircraft (NATO code Fiddler). It has remained the largest fighter in the world to this day. Its maximum take-off weight was a quarter greater than that of four-engine heavy bombers from World War II.
Tu-22 bombers are currently being destroyed in Ukraine and Russia. It is a remnant of the Cold War and a representative of the long-extinct category of medium bombers, which disappeared from service in the late 70's. The Tu-22 survived in service for a surprisingly long time, despite the fact that it was a structure that did not work very well and the crew and ground staff did not have much love for this aircraft.
Aircraft carriers demonstrated their striking power during World War II. They have become the core of the fleets of all naval powers and are rightly considered the strongest surface units. The only exception was the Soviet Union for many years. To fight combat groups of aircraft carriers had to use the Air Force from ground bases and submarines.
In the Soviet Air Force, aircraft were abbreviated as the name of the designer and the number. Odd fighters and other even aircraft. The individual variants were distinguished by letters after the designation. However, these were always aircraft with the same design basis. The only exception was the Tu-22M. According to the designation, it might seem that it was a variant of the Tu-22. But it was a completely new design. Why did he bear the name of his predecessor?
In the second half of the Great Patriotic War, the Soviet aerospace industry was given the task of creating a high-speed high-altitude and high-altitude bomber that would correspond in its flight to the latest American long-range bomber, the B-29 Superfortress. Research and development work, which began in 1943, led to the development of several domestic projects for aircraft of similar purpose.
Profile of the most modern Russian (Soviet) strategic bomber capable of carrying nuclear bombs and guided missiles with a nuclear warhead, which reaches supersonic speeds. The heaviest fighter aircraft in the world.
The Soviet Tu-22B bomber - a type that was made essentially in an emergency for the needs of some African and Asian countries as a replacement for the Tu-16 type, finally received its combat deployment - in this case in Libya.